Link to enlarge vase K7784 © Justin Kerr Charles Zidar
ANCIENT MAYA BOTANICAL RESEARCH

Working Maya Plant List

FamilyGenusSpeciesCommon Name
AcanthaceaeBravaisia-
Agaricaceae (Strophariaceae)Psilocybeaztecorummushroom
AgavaceaeAgavesisalanaagave
AmaryllidaceaeAlliumkunthiiwild onion
Amaryllidaceae, LiliaceaeZephyrantheslindleyanaLily
AnacardiaceaeSpondiassp.hog plum
AnnonaceaeAnnonamuricatasoursop, anona
AnnonaceaeAnnonasquamosasugar apple
AnnonaceaeCymbopetalummayanumear flower
AnnonaceaeAnnonareticulatacustard apple
ApocynaceaeUrechiteskarwinskiiloroco
ApocynaceaePlumeriaobtusafrangipani
AraceaeSpathiphyllumspp.peace lily
AraceaeXanthosomanigrummacal
AsteraceaeHelianthusannussunflower
BignoniaceaeParmentieraedulisguajilote or guachilote
BignoniaceaeCrescentiacujetecalabash
BignoniaceaeTabebuiasp.tab
BignoniaceaeCydistaaequinoctialisgarlic vine
BixaceaeBixaorellanaachiote
BombacaceaePachiraaquaticaprovision tree, provision bark
BombacaceaeCeibapentandraceiba tree, silk cotton tree, kapok or inup
BombacaceaeQuararibeafieldii/funebrisrosita de cacao
BombacaceaePseudobombaxellipticumAmapolla tree
BombacaceaeBernoulliaflammealocust tree, pojote
BromeliaceaeBromeliasp.pineula
BurseraceaeProtiumcopalcopal
CactaceaeOpuntiasp.nopal cactus
CaricaceaeCaricapapayawild papaya
CaricaceaeJacaratiamexicana-
CecropiaceaeCecropiaobtusifoliacecropia
CecropiaceaeCecropiapeltatatrumpet tree or trumpet
ChenopodiaceaeChenopodiumambrosioidesepazote or goosefoot
CombretaceaeBucidabucerasbullet tree, pucte, bully tree
CompositaePectislinifoliachinchweed
ConvolvulaceaeTurbinacorymbosa-
ConvolvulaceaeIpomoeabatatascamote or sweet potatoes
ConvolvulaceaeIpomoeatricolormorning glory
CucurbitaceaeCucurbitapeposummer squash
CucurbitaceaeCucurbitamaximawinter squash
CucurbitaceaeMomordicacharantiasorosi, condiamor
CucurbitaceaeCucurbitamoschatacrookneck squash
CurcurbitaceaeLagenariasicerariagourd
CurcurbitaceaeSechiumedulepataste or chayote
DioscoreaceaeDioscoreaalatamacal
ErythroxylaceaeErythroxylumguatemalenseredwood, ridge redwood, swamp redwood, wild pepper
EuphorbiaceaeHeveabrasiliensisrubber tree
EuphorbiaceaeManihotesculentamanioc
EuphorbiaceaeJatrophaaconitifoliachaya
FabaceaePhaseolussp.bean
FabaceaeHaematoxyloncampechianumlogwood, palotinta, inkwood
FabaceaeCrotalariavitellinachipilĂ­n or chinchin
FabaceaeIndigoferasuffruticosaindigo
FabaceaeLonchocarpussp.balche tree
FabaceaeTamarindusindicaTamarind, tamarindo
FabaceaePhaseoluslunatussieva bean
LauraceaePerseaamericanaavacado
LauraceaeLitseaneesianalaurel
LeguminosaePachyrhizuserosusjicama or yam bean
MalvaceaeHibiscusrosa-sinensishibiscus
MalvaceaeGossypiumhirsutumcotton
MeliaceaeSwieteniamahagonimahogany
MoraceaeCastillaelasticarubber tree
MoraceaeBrosimumalicastrumramon, breadnut, chakaj
MyrtaceaePimentadioicaallspice
NymphaeaceaeNymphaeaordoratawaterlily
NymphaeaceaeNymphaeaamplawaterlily
OrchidaceaeVanillaplanifoliavanilla
PassifloraceaePassifloraspp.passion flower, granadilla/granadillo
PiperaceaePipersp.cordoncillo
PoaceaeZeamayscorn, maize
PortulacaceaePortulacaoleraceapurslane
PortulacaceaeCalandriniamicrantha-
RubiaceaeAmaiouacorymbosabastard coffee, wild coffee
SapotaceaePouteriasapotazapote
SapotaceaeLucumasp.-
SapotaceaeCalocarpummammosummamey or sapayul
SapotaceaeManilkarazapotasapodilla
SolanaceaeDaturainoxiaangel’s trumpet
SolanaceaeBrunfelsiasp.yesterday today & tomorrow
SolanaceaeCapsicumfrutescenschili pepper
SolanaceaeCapsicumannuumred pepper
SolanaceaePhysalissp.ground cherry
SolanaceaeSolanumsp.nightshade, tompaap
SolanaceaeNicotianatabacumtobacco
SolanaceaeLycopersicumesculentumtomato
SterculiaceaeTheobromacacaocacao
SterculiaceaeTheobromabicolormountain cacao
TiliaceaeLueheaspeciosakazcat
VerbenaceaeLippiamexicanaMexican oregano
VerbenaceaeClerodendronligustrinum-
ZamiaceaeZamiasp.Coontie



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