Link to enlarge vase K7784 © Justin Kerr Charles Zidar
ANCIENT MAYA BOTANICAL RESEARCH

Working Maya Plant List

FamilyGenusSpeciesCommon Name
AcanthaceaeBravaisia-
ConvolvulaceaeTurbinacorymbosa-
VerbenaceaeClerodendronligustrinum-
SapotaceaeLucumasp.-
CaricaceaeJacaratiamexicana-
PortulacaceaeCalandriniamicrantha-
BixaceaeBixaorellanaachiote
AgavaceaeAgavesisalanaagave
MyrtaceaePimentadioicaallspice
BombacaceaePseudobombaxellipticumAmapolla tree
SolanaceaeDaturainoxiaangel’s trumpet
LauraceaePerseaamericanaavacado
FabaceaeLonchocarpussp.balche tree
RubiaceaeAmaiouacorymbosabastard coffee, wild coffee
FabaceaePhaseolussp.bean
CombretaceaeBucidabucerasbullet tree, pucte, bully tree
SterculiaceaeTheobromacacaocacao
BignoniaceaeCrescentiacujetecalabash
ConvolvulaceaeIpomoeabatatascamote or sweet potatoes
CecropiaceaeCecropiaobtusifoliacecropia
BombacaceaeCeibapentandraceiba tree, silk cotton tree, kapok or inup
EuphorbiaceaeJatrophaaconitifoliachaya
SolanaceaeCapsicumfrutescenschili pepper
CompositaePectislinifoliachinchweed
FabaceaeCrotalariavitellinachipilĂ­n or chinchin
ZamiaceaeZamiasp.Coontie
BurseraceaeProtiumcopalcopal
PiperaceaePipersp.cordoncillo
PoaceaeZeamayscorn, maize
MalvaceaeGossypiumhirsutumcotton
CucurbitaceaeCucurbitamoschatacrookneck squash
AnnonaceaeAnnonareticulatacustard apple
AnnonaceaeCymbopetalummayanumear flower
ChenopodiaceaeChenopodiumambrosioidesepazote or goosefoot
ApocynaceaePlumeriaobtusafrangipani
BignoniaceaeCydistaaequinoctialisgarlic vine
CurcurbitaceaeLagenariasicerariagourd
SolanaceaePhysalissp.ground cherry
BignoniaceaeParmentieraedulisguajilote or guachilote
MalvaceaeHibiscusrosa-sinensishibiscus
AnacardiaceaeSpondiassp.hog plum
FabaceaeIndigoferasuffruticosaindigo
LeguminosaePachyrhizuserosusjicama or yam bean
TiliaceaeLueheaspeciosakazcat
LauraceaeLitseaneesianalaurel
Amaryllidaceae, LiliaceaeZephyrantheslindleyanaLily
BombacaceaeBernoulliaflammealocust tree, pojote
FabaceaeHaematoxyloncampechianumlogwood, palotinta, inkwood
ApocynaceaeUrechiteskarwinskiiloroco
DioscoreaceaeDioscoreaalatamacal
AraceaeXanthosomanigrummacal
MeliaceaeSwieteniamahagonimahogany
SapotaceaeCalocarpummammosummamey or sapayul
EuphorbiaceaeManihotesculentamanioc
VerbenaceaeLippiamexicanaMexican oregano
ConvolvulaceaeIpomoeatricolormorning glory
SterculiaceaeTheobromabicolormountain cacao
Agaricaceae (Strophariaceae)Psilocybeaztecorummushroom
SolanaceaeSolanumsp.nightshade, tompaap
CactaceaeOpuntiasp.nopal cactus
PassifloraceaePassifloraspp.passion flower, granadilla/granadillo
CurcurbitaceaeSechiumedulepataste or chayote
AraceaeSpathiphyllumspp.peace lily
BromeliaceaeBromeliasp.pineula
BombacaceaePachiraaquaticaprovision tree, provision bark
PortulacaceaePortulacaoleraceapurslane
MoraceaeBrosimumalicastrumramon, breadnut, chakaj
SolanaceaeCapsicumannuumred pepper
ErythroxylaceaeErythroxylumguatemalenseredwood, ridge redwood, swamp redwood, wild pepper
BombacaceaeQuararibeafieldii/funebrisrosita de cacao
MoraceaeCastillaelasticarubber tree
EuphorbiaceaeHeveabrasiliensisrubber tree
SapotaceaeManilkarazapotasapodilla
FabaceaePhaseoluslunatussieva bean
CucurbitaceaeMomordicacharantiasorosi, condiamor
AnnonaceaeAnnonamuricatasoursop, anona
AnnonaceaeAnnonasquamosasugar apple
CucurbitaceaeCucurbitapeposummer squash
AsteraceaeHelianthusannussunflower
BignoniaceaeTabebuiasp.tab
FabaceaeTamarindusindicaTamarind, tamarindo
SolanaceaeNicotianatabacumtobacco
SolanaceaeLycopersicumesculentumtomato
CecropiaceaeCecropiapeltatatrumpet tree or trumpet
OrchidaceaeVanillaplanifoliavanilla
NymphaeaceaeNymphaeaordoratawaterlily
NymphaeaceaeNymphaeaamplawaterlily
AmaryllidaceaeAlliumkunthiiwild onion
CaricaceaeCaricapapayawild papaya
CucurbitaceaeCucurbitamaximawinter squash
SolanaceaeBrunfelsiasp.yesterday today & tomorrow
SapotaceaePouteriasapotazapote



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