Link to enlarge vase K7784 © Justin Kerr Charles Zidar
ANCIENT MAYA BOTANICAL RESEARCH

Working Maya Plant List

FamilyGenusSpeciesCommon Name
AcanthaceaeBravaisia-
Agaricaceae (Strophariaceae)Psilocybeaztecorummushroom
AgavaceaeAgavesisalanaagave
AmaryllidaceaeAlliumkunthiiwild onion
Amaryllidaceae, LiliaceaeZephyrantheslindleyanaLily
AnacardiaceaeSpondiassp.hog plum
AnnonaceaeCymbopetalummayanumear flower
AnnonaceaeAnnonasquamosasugar apple
AnnonaceaeAnnonareticulatacustard apple
AnnonaceaeAnnonamuricatasoursop, anona
ApocynaceaeUrechiteskarwinskiiloroco
ApocynaceaePlumeriaobtusafrangipani
AraceaeSpathiphyllumspp.peace lily
AraceaeXanthosomanigrummacal
AsteraceaeHelianthusannussunflower
BignoniaceaeTabebuiasp.tab
BignoniaceaeCrescentiacujetecalabash
BignoniaceaeCydistaaequinoctialisgarlic vine
BignoniaceaeParmentieraedulisguajilote or guachilote
BixaceaeBixaorellanaachiote
BombacaceaeCeibapentandraceiba tree, silk cotton tree, kapok or inup
BombacaceaeQuararibeafieldii/funebrisrosita de cacao
BombacaceaePseudobombaxellipticumAmapolla tree
BombacaceaeBernoulliaflammealocust tree, pojote
BombacaceaePachiraaquaticaprovision tree, provision bark
BromeliaceaeBromeliasp.pineula
BurseraceaeProtiumcopalcopal
CactaceaeOpuntiasp.nopal cactus
CaricaceaeCaricapapayawild papaya
CaricaceaeJacaratiamexicana-
CecropiaceaeCecropiaobtusifoliacecropia
CecropiaceaeCecropiapeltatatrumpet tree or trumpet
ChenopodiaceaeChenopodiumambrosioidesepazote or goosefoot
CombretaceaeBucidabucerasbullet tree, pucte, bully tree
CompositaePectislinifoliachinchweed
ConvolvulaceaeIpomoeatricolormorning glory
ConvolvulaceaeTurbinacorymbosa-
ConvolvulaceaeIpomoeabatatascamote or sweet potatoes
CucurbitaceaeCucurbitapeposummer squash
CucurbitaceaeCucurbitamaximawinter squash
CucurbitaceaeMomordicacharantiasorosi, condiamor
CucurbitaceaeCucurbitamoschatacrookneck squash
CurcurbitaceaeSechiumedulepataste or chayote
CurcurbitaceaeLagenariasicerariagourd
DioscoreaceaeDioscoreaalatamacal
ErythroxylaceaeErythroxylumguatemalenseredwood, ridge redwood, swamp redwood, wild pepper
EuphorbiaceaeManihotesculentamanioc
EuphorbiaceaeJatrophaaconitifoliachaya
EuphorbiaceaeHeveabrasiliensisrubber tree
FabaceaeCrotalariavitellinachipilĂ­n or chinchin
FabaceaeIndigoferasuffruticosaindigo
FabaceaeLonchocarpussp.balche tree
FabaceaeTamarindusindicaTamarind, tamarindo
FabaceaePhaseoluslunatussieva bean
FabaceaeHaematoxyloncampechianumlogwood, palotinta, inkwood
FabaceaePhaseolussp.bean
LauraceaePerseaamericanaavacado
LauraceaeLitseaneesianalaurel
LeguminosaePachyrhizuserosusjicama or yam bean
MalvaceaeGossypiumhirsutumcotton
MalvaceaeHibiscusrosa-sinensishibiscus
MeliaceaeSwieteniamahagonimahogany
MoraceaeCastillaelasticarubber tree
MoraceaeBrosimumalicastrumramon, breadnut, chakaj
MyrtaceaePimentadioicaallspice
NymphaeaceaeNymphaeaordoratawaterlily
NymphaeaceaeNymphaeaamplawaterlily
OrchidaceaeVanillaplanifoliavanilla
PassifloraceaePassifloraspp.passion flower, granadilla/granadillo
PiperaceaePipersp.cordoncillo
PoaceaeZeamayscorn, maize
PortulacaceaePortulacaoleraceapurslane
PortulacaceaeCalandriniamicrantha-
RubiaceaeAmaiouacorymbosabastard coffee, wild coffee
SapotaceaeLucumasp.-
SapotaceaeCalocarpummammosummamey or sapayul
SapotaceaeManilkarazapotasapodilla
SapotaceaePouteriasapotazapote
SolanaceaeBrunfelsiasp.yesterday today & tomorrow
SolanaceaeCapsicumfrutescenschili pepper
SolanaceaeCapsicumannuumred pepper
SolanaceaePhysalissp.ground cherry
SolanaceaeSolanumsp.nightshade, tompaap
SolanaceaeNicotianatabacumtobacco
SolanaceaeLycopersicumesculentumtomato
SolanaceaeDaturainoxiaangel’s trumpet
SterculiaceaeTheobromacacaocacao
SterculiaceaeTheobromabicolormountain cacao
TiliaceaeLueheaspeciosakazcat
VerbenaceaeLippiamexicanaMexican oregano
VerbenaceaeClerodendronligustrinum-
ZamiaceaeZamiasp.Coontie



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