Link to enlarge vase K7784 © Justin Kerr Charles Zidar
ANCIENT MAYA BOTANICAL RESEARCH

Working Maya Plant List

FamilyGenusSpeciesCommon Name
AcanthaceaeBravaisia-
Agaricaceae (Strophariaceae)Psilocybeaztecorummushroom
AgavaceaeAgavesisalanaagave
AmaryllidaceaeAlliumkunthiiwild onion
Amaryllidaceae, LiliaceaeZephyrantheslindleyanaLily
AnacardiaceaeSpondiassp.hog plum
AnnonaceaeAnnonareticulatacustard apple
AnnonaceaeAnnonamuricatasoursop, anona
AnnonaceaeAnnonasquamosasugar apple
AnnonaceaeCymbopetalummayanumear flower
ApocynaceaePlumeriaobtusafrangipani
ApocynaceaeUrechiteskarwinskiiloroco
AraceaeXanthosomanigrummacal
AraceaeSpathiphyllumspp.peace lily
AsteraceaeHelianthusannussunflower
BignoniaceaeCrescentiacujetecalabash
BignoniaceaeTabebuiasp.tab
BignoniaceaeCydistaaequinoctialisgarlic vine
BignoniaceaeParmentieraedulisguajilote or guachilote
BixaceaeBixaorellanaachiote
BombacaceaePseudobombaxellipticumAmapolla tree
BombacaceaeBernoulliaflammealocust tree, pojote
BombacaceaePachiraaquaticaprovision tree, provision bark
BombacaceaeCeibapentandraceiba tree, silk cotton tree, kapok or inup
BombacaceaeQuararibeafieldii/funebrisrosita de cacao
BromeliaceaeBromeliasp.pineula
BurseraceaeProtiumcopalcopal
CactaceaeOpuntiasp.nopal cactus
CaricaceaeJacaratiamexicana-
CaricaceaeCaricapapayawild papaya
CecropiaceaeCecropiapeltatatrumpet tree or trumpet
CecropiaceaeCecropiaobtusifoliacecropia
ChenopodiaceaeChenopodiumambrosioidesepazote or goosefoot
CombretaceaeBucidabucerasbullet tree, pucte, bully tree
CompositaePectislinifoliachinchweed
ConvolvulaceaeTurbinacorymbosa-
ConvolvulaceaeIpomoeabatatascamote or sweet potatoes
ConvolvulaceaeIpomoeatricolormorning glory
CucurbitaceaeMomordicacharantiasorosi, condiamor
CucurbitaceaeCucurbitamoschatacrookneck squash
CucurbitaceaeCucurbitapeposummer squash
CucurbitaceaeCucurbitamaximawinter squash
CurcurbitaceaeLagenariasicerariagourd
CurcurbitaceaeSechiumedulepataste or chayote
DioscoreaceaeDioscoreaalatamacal
ErythroxylaceaeErythroxylumguatemalenseredwood, ridge redwood, swamp redwood, wild pepper
EuphorbiaceaeJatrophaaconitifoliachaya
EuphorbiaceaeHeveabrasiliensisrubber tree
EuphorbiaceaeManihotesculentamanioc
FabaceaeLonchocarpussp.balche tree
FabaceaeTamarindusindicaTamarind, tamarindo
FabaceaePhaseoluslunatussieva bean
FabaceaePhaseolussp.bean
FabaceaeHaematoxyloncampechianumlogwood, palotinta, inkwood
FabaceaeCrotalariavitellinachipilĂ­n or chinchin
FabaceaeIndigoferasuffruticosaindigo
LauraceaePerseaamericanaavacado
LauraceaeLitseaneesianalaurel
LeguminosaePachyrhizuserosusjicama or yam bean
MalvaceaeGossypiumhirsutumcotton
MalvaceaeHibiscusrosa-sinensishibiscus
MeliaceaeSwieteniamahagonimahogany
MoraceaeBrosimumalicastrumramon, breadnut, chakaj
MoraceaeCastillaelasticarubber tree
MyrtaceaePimentadioicaallspice
NymphaeaceaeNymphaeaamplawaterlily
NymphaeaceaeNymphaeaordoratawaterlily
OrchidaceaeVanillaplanifoliavanilla
PassifloraceaePassifloraspp.passion flower, granadilla/granadillo
PiperaceaePipersp.cordoncillo
PoaceaeZeamayscorn, maize
PortulacaceaeCalandriniamicrantha-
PortulacaceaePortulacaoleraceapurslane
RubiaceaeAmaiouacorymbosabastard coffee, wild coffee
SapotaceaeManilkarazapotasapodilla
SapotaceaePouteriasapotazapote
SapotaceaeLucumasp.-
SapotaceaeCalocarpummammosummamey or sapayul
SolanaceaeCapsicumannuumred pepper
SolanaceaePhysalissp.ground cherry
SolanaceaeSolanumsp.nightshade, tompaap
SolanaceaeNicotianatabacumtobacco
SolanaceaeLycopersicumesculentumtomato
SolanaceaeDaturainoxiaangel’s trumpet
SolanaceaeBrunfelsiasp.yesterday today & tomorrow
SolanaceaeCapsicumfrutescenschili pepper
SterculiaceaeTheobromabicolormountain cacao
SterculiaceaeTheobromacacaocacao
TiliaceaeLueheaspeciosakazcat
VerbenaceaeClerodendronligustrinum-
VerbenaceaeLippiamexicanaMexican oregano
ZamiaceaeZamiasp.Coontie



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