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Results 1 - 15 of 154 for "peche"
Key:  SMI 215065
Actual Location:  Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C., United States.
Collection:  E.O. Matthews. Acquired by the Museum on 19 March 1902.
Registration:  215065
Provenance:  Zaachila, Oaxaca (provenance based on a similarity with piece MNA 6-836).
Measurements:  42 x 26 cm.
Color:  Grey clay with a clay coating of another color. Traces of red paint.
Chronology:  MA IIIB (Boos 1964: 38); Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Reference:  Boos 1964: 38, plate XXXVI.
Comments:  Boos thinks that the object in the right hand symbolizes rain and the drawing on the pedestal, water (Boos 1964: 38). See MNA 6-836 for a piece identical to this one.

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Key:  MNA 6-836
Actual Location:  National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City, Mexico.
Collection:  Fernando Sologuren #430; Manuel Martínez Gracida 1910: plate 97.
Registration:  6-836
Provenance:  Zaachila, Oaxaca.
Measurements:  42 cm.
Chronology:  Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Reference:  Schlattman's photo circa 1901; Caso & Bernal 1952: 139-141, fig. 241; Mixtechi e Zapotechi (Mixtecs and Zapotecs), p. 140, fig. 85.
Comments:  Caso and Bernal maintain that this vessel represents a "tlaloque" (a water-collecting helper for Tlaloc) and that the object held in the right hand is a stylized cloud. They also report that Linné believes that this same object is glyph L (1952: 139). There is an object identical to this one in the collection of the Smithsonian Institute, but more fragmented (see SMI 215065).

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Key:  MNA 6-7891
Actual Location:  National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City, Mexico (exhibited).
Registration:  6-7891 / INAH 10-228149
Provenance:  Unknown
Measurements:  60 x 35 x 40 cm.
Color:  Brown clay with traces of red paint in the face and hands.
Chronology:  Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Reference:  Exhibition at San Ildefonso, Mexico City: Fragments of the Past, 1999; Oaxaca: Magie van Mexico 1993: fig. 12.
Comments:  There is another piece, identical to this one, in a private collection in California. See KAISER 1.
Glyphs:  Glyph C in the headdress.

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Key:  KAISER 1
Actual Location:  Berkeley, California, United States.
Collection:  Dr. William F. Kaiser
Provenance:  Unknown
Measurements:  66 cm.
Color:  Brown clay.
Chronology:  Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Reference:  Pre-Columbian Art of Mexico and Central America,1968: fig. 238.
Comments:  This piece is identical to piece MNA 6-7891 and is probably its counterpart. Some details are missing, such as part of the ear piece, a canine tooth in the mouth and the elements coming out of the pot. This piece's headdress is more complete.
Glyphs:  Glyph C in the headdress.

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Key:  MNA 6-30
Actual Location:  National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City, Mexico (exhibited).
Registration:  30-6
Provenance:  Tomb 51, no. 40, Monte Albán, Oaxaca.
Measurements:  31 cm.
Color:  Grey clay
Chronology:  MA IIIB (Caso and Bernal 1952: 252); Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Reference:  Caso and Bernal 1952: 252, fig. 397; Exhibition Fragments of the Past, San Ildefonso, Mexico City, 1999.
Comments:  Tomb 51 was excavated by Caso in the field season PMA III (1933-1934) and was dated MA IIIB-IV.
Glyphs:  Glyph P indicated by the vertical lines crossing the face.

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Key:  MNA 6-388
Actual Location:  National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City, Mexico (exhibited).
Collection:  Francisco Belmar #62; according to Martínez Gracida (1910: 107), it was found in 1896.
Registration:  6-388 or 6-6047
Provenance:  Atzompa, Oaxaca.
Measurements:  71 x 14 cm.
Color:  Grey clay with traces of white and red paint.
Chronology:  Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Reference:  No. 62 in Belmar's catalog (AH/ MNA, vol. 11, fs. 17-35); Martínez Gracida 1910: 107; Caso & Bernal 1952: 285, fig. 431, Marcus 1983: fig. 5.11; Solis 1991: 158, fig. 230; Marcus and Flannery 1996: 210, fig. 247.
Comments:  According to Belmar, the figure represents a man. Martínez Gracida says it represents a "priestess". Caso and Bernal use this vessel to define the category "Goddess 13 Serpent". Caso and Bernal (1952) and also Marcus (1983) published the artifact without origin. Later, Marcus and Flannery (1996: 210, fig. 247) maintained that the provenance was Monte Albán. According to Belmar's Collection list, it comes from Atzompa and was excavated by the collector himself.
Glyphs:  Glyph 13 V on the chest.
Dating:  TL by Peter Schaft 1999: authentic (Martha Carmona, personal communication 1999).

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Key:  MNA Mont. YW ofrenda 1-2
Actual Location:  National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City, Mexico.
Provenance:  Mound YW, West of "Y" site, offering I, number 2, Monte Albán, Oaxaca.
Measurements:  15 x 7.5 cm.
Chronology:  Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Reference:  Caso and Bernal 1952: 289, fig. 439; Caso et al. 1967: 122, fig. 78, no. 2 (drawing)
Comments:  Drawing based on Mendoza. This piece was found under stelae no. 16. There was a small pot under the urn, made of grey, polished and thin clay (cf. Caso et al. 1967: 122, Fig. 78, no. 3).
Glyphs:  Glyph E "Xoo" in the pectoral. Underneath, there is another shape that is not well understood yet, but it could be an alligator's eye.

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Key:  MNA 6-4852
Actual Location:  National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City, Mexico.
Registration:  6-52
Provenance:  Antechamber of tomb 103, no. 1, Monte Albán, Oaxaca.
Measurements:  37 cm.
Color:  According to Caso's description, huipil: yellow with red tassel; face: red; hair
Chronology:  MA IIIB (Caso and Bernal 1952: 252); Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Reference:  Caso 1938: 69, 70, 71, fig. 88; Caso & Bernal 1952: 288, fig. 437; Romero 1958: 210, plate XLV; Gendrop 1970: 138, fig. 159b.
Comments:  The piece was found in the antechamber of tomb 103, which was excavated by Caso during the sixth period (1937). Next to this piece, a pot with double pouring handle, decorated with a Cocijo head in front and with a black, polished cylindrical glass was found, as well as some fragments of earthenware bowls with fresco polychrome decorations. The tomb was dated MA IIIA-IIIB. See the other two effigy vessels of this tomb under MNA t/103 Nos. 2 and 3.

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Key:  MNA 6-251
Actual Location:  National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City, Mexico.
Registration:  6-251
Provenance:  Tejalapa, Oaxaca.
Measurements:  13 cm.
Chronology:  Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Reference:  Caso and Bernal 1952: 238, fig. 383.
Comments:  The piece has two vases attached to the back. Also see: MNA 6-252, SLAM 1060:1983, MCO t/1991-4
Glyphs:  Glyph E "Xoo" in the pectoral.

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Key:  MNA 6-252
Actual Location:  National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City, Mexico.
Collection:  Fernando Sologuren #548
Registration:  6-252
Provenance:  Huitzo, Oaxaca.
Measurements:  12 cm.
Chronology:  Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Reference:  Caso and Bernal 1952: 238, fig. 382.
Comments:  This piece has two vases attached to the back. Also see: MNA 6-251, SLAM 1060:1983, MCO t/1991-4.
Glyphs:  Glyph E "Xoo" in the pectoral.

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Key:  MNA 6-6088
Actual Location:  National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City, Mexico (exhibited).
Registration:  6-88
Provenance:  Inside tomb 104, Monte Albán, Oaxaca.
Measurements:  42 cm.
Color:  Grey clay with traces of red paint.
Chronology:  Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Reference:  Caso 1938: 76-85, figs. 101, 102; Caso & Bernal 1952: 101, 104, figs. 168, 168bis, 184 bis; Romero 1958: 183, plate XXXVI; Redmond 1983: 171, fig. 59 ; Winter 1990: 127-128, fig. 54; Flannery & Marcus 1996: 210, 212-214, fig. 246.
Comments:  This piece was found behind the carved gravestone that sealed the tomb. It was placed at the feet of the dead looking South. On both sides of the piece, there were four vessels, smaller and plain. In his work of 1938, Caso called this vessel Pitao Cozobi (God of Corn). Tomb 104 was excavated by Caso in 1937 and dated IIIA-IIIB. In my opinion, it represents a high-ranking figure, acting as a priest. As a note of interest, this piece was removed from the tomb by the then President of the Mexican Republic, Lázaro Cárdenas.
Glyphs:  The mask and tied hair correspond to glyph Ń. Two glyphs 109 in the headdress.

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Key:  MNA 6-8086
Actual Location:  National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City, Mexico (exhibited).
Registration:  6-6086, 6-6087, 6-6089, 6-6090
Provenance:  Inside tomb 104, Monte Albán, Oaxaca.
Measurements:  21-23 cm.
Color:  Grey clay with traces of red paint.
Chronology:  Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Reference:  Caso 1938: 76-85, figs. 101, 102; Caso and Bernal 1952: 101, 104, figs. 168, 168bis; Winter 1990: 127-128, fig. 54; Flannery and Marcus 1996: 210, 212-214, fig. 246.
Comments:  These pieces were found behind the stone that sealed the tomb, at the foot of the skeleton, facing South. They were accompanying a larger, more complex vessel. Tomb 104 was excavated by Caso in 1937 and dated IIIA-IIIB.

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Key:  MNA 6-80
Actual Location:  National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City, Mexico.
Registration:  6-80
Provenance:  Tlacochahuaya, Oaxaca.
Measurements:  16 cm.
Chronology:  Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Reference:  Caso and Bernal 1952: 313, fig. 463.
Comments:  This figure is holding an incense bag in the hands.

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Key:  MNA 6-68
Actual Location:  National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City, Mexico.
Registration:  6-68
Provenance:  Cerro de la Campana (Hill of the Bell), Suchiquiltongo, Oaxaca.
Measurements:  43.2 x 53.5 x 37.7 cm.
Color:  Grey clay.
Chronology:  Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Reference:  L. Gamio 1946: 2 (technical report AT/DMP/INAH). Caso and Bernal 1952: 62-63, fig. 98; Winter 1990: 129, fig. 55.
Comments:  Lorenzo Gamio found this piece in the antechamber of a tomb in the Hill of the Bell. It was placed in front of the entrance, with its back to it. Gamio said (1946: 2): "[The object] was mutilated. The right arm and the left leg are missing. It was deposited in the container used as incense burner. The destruction of this object was not caused by the action of time because, if the arm had broken, there would be fragments. But we looked for them unsuccessfully. Besides, the leg inside the container indicates it was an intentional move". The piece has been restored.
Glyphs:  Caso and Bernal designate the glyph and numeral one hanging from the neck as "one tiger". Urcid (1992: 187) designates the glyph as "iota" and speculates that it could be a variation of glyph D.

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Key:  MNA 6-7400
Actual Location:  National Anthropology Museum, Mexico City, Mexico (exhibited).
Collection:  Fernando Sologuren
Registration:  6-00
Provenance:  Unknown
Color:  Grey clay with beige.
Chronology:  Peche 500 - 600 AD
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Comments:  This piece appears in a photograph of the Sologuren Collection, in the Seler file of the Ibero-American Institute in Berlin, Germany.
Glyphs:  Glyph C in the headdress.

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