Yaxchilán, Lintel 24 - K2887 ©Justin Kerr - Click to view high resolution MAYA HIEROGLYPH DICTIONARY
Peter Mathews and Péter Bíró
Drawings by John Montgomery

yaya Hieroglyph  
 (1)       

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125/126/127/129/131/nn


Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

yab'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  abundance  /  abundancia    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-b'a-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-501

Narrow Transcription(s):  yab' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
yab'- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:29-Aug-2005

Yab'nal
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Yab'nal (Chichen Itza toponym)  /  Yab'nal (topónimo de Chichen Itza )    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-b'a-NAL

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-501-86

Narrow Transcription(s):  yab'nal Boot in Schele and Mathews 1998  


Last Updated:29-Aug-2005

yaj
 

Meaning(s):  adv.  at the same time?  /  ¿el mismo tiempo?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-ji
  (2)  YAJ

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-88
  (2)  358

Narrow Transcription(s):  yaaj Grube 2004  


Last Updated:29-Aug-2005

-yaj
 

Meaning(s):  ad.  derives nouns from positionals  /  se deriva sustantivos de verbos posicionales    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -ya-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  -yaj Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-yaj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yajaw
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  'vassal', subordinate ruler  /  'vasallo', gobernante subordinado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-AJAW
  (2)  ya-ja-wa
  (3)  ya-wa
  (4)  ya-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-1000d/168
  (2)  125-181-130
  (3)  125-130
  (4)  125-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  yajaw Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
yajaw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yajaw k'ak'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  servant of the fire  /  sirviente del fuego    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-AJAW-K'AK'
  (2)  ya-ja-wa-K'AK'
  (3)  ya-ja-wa-k'a-k'a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-168-122
  (2)  125-181-130-122
  (3)  125-181-130-669-669

Narrow Transcription(s):  yajaw k'a[h]k' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yajaw te'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  spear-lord?  /  ¿señor de la lanza?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-AJAW-TE'
  (2)  ya-ja-wa-TE'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-168-87/518c
  (2)  125-181-130-87

Narrow Transcription(s):  yajaw te' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
yajaw te' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yaktajiy
 

Meaning(s):  vtd.  he/she has already left it  /  el/ella ya lo ha dejado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-ka-ta-ji-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-25-565-136-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  yaktaajiiy MacLeod 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yak'aw
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  he/she gives/gave it  /  el/ella lo da/dio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-k'a-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-669-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  #yak'aw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

-yal-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  throw, demolish  /  tirar, demolir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-la-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-534

Narrow Transcription(s):  -yal- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#-yal- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*yälKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yalaj
 

Meaning(s):  pa.  he/she/it is/was thrown down  /  el/ella/lo es/fue tirado(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-la-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-534-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  ya[h]laj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yaljiy
 

Meaning(s):  vtd.  he/she has already said it  /  el/ella ya lo ha dicho    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-la-ji-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-534-136-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  yalaajiiy MacLeod 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yatij
 

Meaning(s):  vtd.  he/she has bathed it  /  el/ella lo ha dado un baño    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-ti-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-59-758c

Narrow Transcription(s):  yatiij MacLeod 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yaxYAX Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  adj.  green/blue, first, precious, sacred  /  azul/verde, primero(a), perecioso(a), sagrado(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX
  (2)  ya-YAX
  (3)  ya-xa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16
  (2)  125-16
  (3)  125-114

Narrow Transcription(s):  yax Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
yax Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ra'xBrown and Wichmann 2004  
Proto-Mayan*ra?xKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*yäxKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yax Akul Ha'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Yax Akul Ha' (El Cayo toponym)  /  Yax Akul Ha' (topónimo de El Cayo)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX-a-ku-la-HA'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16-228-528-178-556

Narrow Transcription(s):  Yax Aku'l Ha' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yax B'alam
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Precious Jaguar (name of one of the Classic Period hero twins)  /  Jaguar Precioso (nombre de uno de los gemelos héroes del período Clásico)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX-B'ALAM

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16-751

Narrow Transcription(s):  Yax B'a[h]lam Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yax Ha'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Yax Ha' (toponym of Yaxha in the Peten)  /  Yax Ha' (topónimo de Yaxha en el Peten)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX-a
  (2)  YAX-HA'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16-743
  (2)  16-556

Narrow Transcription(s):  Yax Ha' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Yax Ha' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yax Mut[ul]
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Yax Mutul (Tikal toponym)  /  Yax Mutul (topónimo de Tikal)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX-MUT

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16-569

Narrow Transcription(s):  Yax Mutuul Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Yax Mutu'l Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yax Nil
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Yax Nil (El Cayo toponym)  /  Yax Nil (topónimo de El Cayo)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX-ni-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16-116/nn-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  Yax Niil Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
Yax Niil Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yax Sihom?
 

Meaning(s):  n.  10th Clasic Maya Month  /  10o mes del período Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX-SIHOM?-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16-528-142

Narrow Transcription(s):  Yax Sihoom Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Yax Siho'm Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yax te'
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  ceiba tree  /  ceiba    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX-TE'
  (2)  YAX-TE'-e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16-87
  (2)  16-87-542

Narrow Transcription(s):  yax te' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
yax te' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yaxhal
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  green/blue water like  /  como el agua azul/verde    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX-HA'
  (2)  YAX-HA'-la
  (3)  YAX-ha-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16-556
  (2)  16-556-178
  (3)  16-(60-1042)-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  #yaxha'l Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  
#yaxha'[a]l Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yaxhal Chak
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Yaxhal Chak (name of god)  /  Yaxhal Chak (nombre de dios)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX-HA'-CHAK
  (2)  YAX-HA'-la-CHAK-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16-556-178-1011
  (2)  16-556-178-1011-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  Yaxhal Chaak Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Yaxhal Chaa[h]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yaxhal Witznal
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Yaxhal Witznal (mythological toponym)  /  Yaxhal Witznal (topónimo mitológico)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX-ha-la-wi-tzi
  (2)  YAX-ha-la-wi-tzi-na-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16-(60-1042)-178-117-507
  (2)  16-(60-1042)-178-117-507-537-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  Yaxhal Witznal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Yaxhal Witznal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yaxk'inYAX-K'IN-ni Hieroglyph  
 (2)                    

Meaning(s):  n.  7th Classic Maya Month  /  7o mes del período Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX-K'IN
  (2)  YAX-K'IN-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16-544
  (2)  16-544-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  Yax K'in Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Yax K'in Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yaxun
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cotinga  /  cotinga    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-YAXUN-na
  (2)  ya-YAXUN
  (3)  YAXUN
  (4)  ya-xu-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-nn-23
  (2)  125-nn
  (3)  nn
  (4)  125-756c-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  yaxuun Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
yaxu'n Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yayax
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  very green/blue  /  muy azul/verde    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-YAX

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-16

Narrow Transcription(s):  yayax Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
yayax Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

ya'ya Hieroglyph  
 (1)          

Meaning(s):  adv.  there  /  ahí, allí    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125/126

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*ya?(i)Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yeye Hieroglyph  
 (1)                  

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ye

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  512/710v/nn


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yeh
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  revealed  /  revelado(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ye



Examples

Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yemal K'uk' Lakam Witz
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Yemal K'uk' Lakam Witz (toponym?)  /  Yemal K'uk' Lakam Witz (¿topónimo?)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ye-ma-la-K'UK'-LAKAM-wi-WITZ

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  710v/nn-502-178-744-262-117-529

Narrow Transcription(s):  Ye[h]mal K'uk' Lakam Witz Zender 2005  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yiyi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  17/18


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yilajyi-la-ji Hieroglyph  
 (3)                         

Meaning(s):  vtd.  he/she has seen it  /  el/ella lo ha visto    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yi-IL-ji
  (2)  yi-IL-la-ja
  (3)  yi-la-ji
  (4)  yi-li-a-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  17-nn-88
  (2)  17-nn-178-181
  (3)  17-534-88
  (4)  17-82-743-88

Narrow Transcription(s):  yilaaj MacLeod 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yiliw
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  he/she see/saw it  /  el/ella lo ve/vio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yi-IL-wa
  (2)  yi-li-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  17-nn-130
  (2)  17-82-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  #yiliiw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yitajiy
 

Meaning(s):  vtd.  he/she has already accompanied it  /  el/ella ya lo ha acompañado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yi-ta-ji-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  17-565-136-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  yitaajiiy MacLeod 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yoyo Hieroglyph  
 (1)           

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yo

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  115/221b/673


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yochin
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Yochin (Peten toponym)  /  Yochin (topónimo en el Peten)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yo-chi-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  115-671-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  Yochin Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Yochin Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yoke
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Yoke (Aguacatal Emblem Glyph)  /  Yoke (glifo emblema de Aguacatal)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yo-ke

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  115-770

Narrow Transcription(s):  Yook Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Yook Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yokib'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Yokib' (Piedras Negras Emblem Glyph)  /  Yokib' (glifo emblema de Piedras Negras)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yo-ki-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  115-102-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  Yokib' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Yokib' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yokib'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  canyon, entrance  /  cañón, entrada    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yo-ki-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  115-102-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  yokib' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
yokib' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yokman
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Yokman (Tikal area toponym)  /  Yokman (topónimo en el área de Tikal)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yo-ko-MAN-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  115-110-566-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  Yokman Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Yokman Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yopat
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  mitre, type of helmet  /  mitra, tipo de tocado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yo-po?-AT-ti
  (2)  yo-AT-ti
  (3)  yo-AT-ta
  (4)  yo-a-AT-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  115-nn-552-59
  (2)  115-785-59
  (3)  115-552-113
  (4)  115-228-552-113

Narrow Transcription(s):  yopaat Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
yopaat Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

Yotz
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Yotz (Naranjo area toponym)  /  Yotz (topónimo en el área de Naranjo)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yo-YOTZ-tzi
  (2)  YOTZ-yo-tzi
  (3)  yo-tzi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  115-nn-507
  (2)  nn-115-507
  (3)  115-507

Narrow Transcription(s):  Yootz Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
Yootz Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yo'nal
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  relative  /  pariente    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yo-NAL
  (2)  yo-o-NAL

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  115-86
  (2)  115-nn-86

Narrow Transcription(s):  #yo'nal Lacadena and Wichmann  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yuyu Hieroglyph  
 (1)         

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61/62


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

-yuk-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  shake  /  sacudir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -yu-ku-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  -yuk- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-yuk- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*yuhkBrown and Wichmann 2004  
Proto-Mayan*yukKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*yuhkKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yuklaj
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  he/she/it shakes/ed  /  el/ella/lo sacude/ó    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yu-ku-la-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61-568-178-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  yuklaj Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
yuklaj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yuknom
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  shaker, he/she who shakes  /  sacudidor, el/ella que sacude    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yu-ku-no-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61-528-134-142

Narrow Transcription(s):  yu[h]kno'm Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yuk'uj
 

Meaning(s):  vtd.  he/she has drunk it  /  el/ella lo ha bebido    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yu-UK'-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61-1070-136

Narrow Transcription(s):  yuk'/uch'uuj MacLeod 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

-yul-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  polish, brush  /  pulir, alisar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -yu-lu-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61-568

Narrow Transcription(s):  -yul- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-yul- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yulul
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  something polished  /  cosa pulida    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yu-lu-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61-568-83

Narrow Transcription(s):  yuluul Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yum
 

Meaning(s):  n.  family head, father, boss, patron  /  cabeza de familia, jefe, padre    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yu-mu
  (2)  yu-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61-19
  (2)  61-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  yum Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*yumKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yuwal

Meaning(s):  adv.  marking progressive aspect?  /  ¿señalar aspecto progresivo?    


Thompson Number(s):  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yuwal
 

Meaning(s):  adv.  marker of progressive aspect ?  /  ¿señal del aspecto progresivo?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yu-wa-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61-130-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  yuwal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
yuwal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yuxulij
 

Meaning(s):  vtd.  he/she has carved it  /  el/ella lo ha esculpido    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yu-xu-li-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61-756c-568-136

Narrow Transcription(s):  yuxulij MacLeod 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yuxuluj
 

Meaning(s):  vtd.  he/she has carved it  /  el/ella lo ha grabado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yu-xu-lu-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61-756-568-136

Narrow Transcription(s):  yuxuliij MacLeod 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yV-
 

Meaning(s):  pre.  he, she, it, they, his, hers, its, their (prevocalic)  /  el, ella, ello, ellos, ellas, su, suyo, suya (ante vocal)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-, ye-, yi-, yo-, yu-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125, 710v, 17, 115, 61

Narrow Transcription(s):  yV- Houston, Stuart and Robertson  
yV- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005