Yaxchilán, Lintel 24 - K2887 ©Justin Kerr - Click to view high resolution MAYA HIEROGLYPH DICTIONARY
Peter Mathews and Péter Bíró
Drawings by John Montgomery

mama Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74/142/502/nn


Last Updated:25-Oct-2006

ma [u]tzil
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  bad  /  malo(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-tzi-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-507-82


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

mab'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  box, cache  /  caja, escondite    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  maab' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
maab' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

-mach-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  grab  /  agarrar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-cha

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-668

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-mach- Lacadena and Wichmann  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

machaj
 

Meaning(s):  part.  no, negative  /  no, negativo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-cha-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-(520-299)/nn-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  machaj Houston, Stuart and robertson 1998  
machaj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*machKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

-mak-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  promise, betrothe  /  prometer en matrimonio, desposarse    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -ma-ka-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  -mak- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-mak- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

-mak-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  cover, close  /  tapar, cerrar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -ma-ka-
  (2)  -ma-AK-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-25
  (2)  74-626av

Narrow Transcription(s):  -mak- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-mak- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*maqBrown and Wichmann 2004  
Proto-Mayan*maqKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*mäkKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

makma-ka Hieroglyph  
 (1)                        

Meaning(s):  n.  cover, capstone  /  cubierta, tapa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-ka
  (2)  ma-ko

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-25
  (2)  74-110

Narrow Transcription(s):  mak, maak? Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
mak, maak Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

Mak
 

Meaning(s):  n.  13th Classic Maya Month  /  13o mes del periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-ka
  (2)  ma-AK
  (3)  ma-AK-ka

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-25
  (2)  74-626av
  (3)  74-626av-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  mak Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
mak Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

makaj
 

Meaning(s):  pa.  he/she is/was covered  /  el/ella es/fue cubierto(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-ka-ja
  (2)  ma-MAK-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-25-181
  (2)  74-nn-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ma[h]kaj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

maknom
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  closer, coverer  /  tapador    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-ka-no-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  502-25-(595-134)-74

Narrow Transcription(s):  #makno'm Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

-mak'-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  eat (soft food) (codices)  /  comer (comida blanda) (codices)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -ma-k'a-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-669

Narrow Transcription(s):  -mak'- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-mak'- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*mäk'Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

mal
 

Meaning(s):  prep.  within  /  adentro    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  502-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  mal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
mal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

mam
 

Meaning(s):  n.  possum  /  zarigüeya    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-502

Narrow Transcription(s):  mam Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
mam Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

mamMAM Hieroglyph  
 (1)                       

Meaning(s):  n.  grandfather, grandson, old man, ancestor  /  abuelo, nieto, viejo, ancestro    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MAM
  (2)  ma-ma
  (3)  MAM-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  74-502
  (3)  nn-74

Narrow Transcription(s):  mam Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
mam Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*maamBrown and Wichmann 2004  
Proto-Mayan*maamKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*mamKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

mas
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cricket  /  grillo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-su

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-216

Narrow Transcription(s):  ma[h]s Lacadena and Wichmann n.d.  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mas
 

Meaning(s):  n.  goblin, dwarf  /  trasgo, duende    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-su

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-216

Narrow Transcription(s):  maas Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
ma's Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

masul
 

Meaning(s):  n.  toponym in the Northeast Peten area (Naachtun?)  /  topónimo en el área del Petén noreste (¿Naachtun?)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-su
  (2)  ma-su-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-216
  (2)  74-216-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  masuul Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
masu'l Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

Mat
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Mat (Palenque toponym?)  /  Mat ((topónimo de ¿Palenque?)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MAT
  (2)  ma-MAT

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  793a

Narrow Transcription(s):  Mat Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
Mat Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mat
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cormorant, crow  /  cormorán, cuervo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MAT
  (2)  ma-MAT
  (3)  ma-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  793a
  (2)  74-793a
  (3)  74-565

Narrow Transcription(s):  mat Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
mat Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

matan
 

Meaning(s):  n.  gift, offering  /  regalo, ofrenda    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-ta-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-565-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  matan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
matan Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*mahtaanKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*mahtanKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

Matawilma-ta-wi-la Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  n.  Matawil (mythical? toponym, Palenque? toponym)  /  Matawil (topónimo ¿mítico?, topónimo de ¿Palenque?)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-ta-wi-la
  (2)  ma-ta-wi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-565-117-178
  (2)  74-565-117

Narrow Transcription(s):  Matawi'l Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
Matawiil Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

matz
 

Meaning(s):  n.  wise man  /  hombre sabio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-tza

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-699


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

max
 

Meaning(s):  n.  shield  /  escudo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-xu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-756c

Narrow Transcription(s):  ma'x Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
maax Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

maxma-xi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                 

Meaning(s):  n.  spider monkey  /  kinkajou, mico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-xi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-1048

Narrow Transcription(s):  maax Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
maax Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*maa'xBrown and Wichmann 2004  
Proto-Cholan*maxKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

Maxam
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Maxam (Naranjo toponym)  /  Maxam (topónimo de Naranjo)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-xa-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  502-114-502

Narrow Transcription(s):  Maxam Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
Maxam Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mayij
 

Meaning(s):  n.  gift, offering, tobacco  /  regalo, ofrenda, tobaco    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MAY
  (2)  MAY-ji
  (3)  MAY-yi-ji
  (4)  ma-yi-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  nn-136
  (3)  nn-17-136
  (4)  502-17-136

Narrow Transcription(s):  maay Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
maay Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mayuy
 

Meaning(s):  n.  fog  /  niebla    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-yu-yu
  (2)  ma-yu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  502-61-61
  (2)  502-61

Narrow Transcription(s):  mayuy Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
mayuy Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

ma'ma Hieroglyph  ma-a Hieroglyph  
 (1)          (2)                          

Meaning(s):  part.  not  /  no    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma
  (2)  ma-a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74
  (2)  74-743

Narrow Transcription(s):  ma' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
ma' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ma' or *mA'Brown and Wichmann 2004  
Proto-Mayan*ma'Kaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*ma(?)Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

me
 

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  me

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

-mek'-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  embrace, hug, rule  /  abrazar, gobernar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -me-k'e-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (188-522)-(197-515)

Narrow Transcription(s):  #mek' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*mek'Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mimi Hieroglyph  
 (1)            

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  173, nn


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mih
 

Meaning(s):  adv.  nothing, no  /  nada, no    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MIH
  (2)  mi
  (3)  mi?-li



Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mim
 

Meaning(s):  n.  grandmother  /  abuela    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mi-mi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  173-173

Narrow Transcription(s):  mim Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
mim Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*mi?mKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*mimKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

-mis-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  sweep  /  barrer    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -mi-si-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  807-57

Narrow Transcription(s):  -mis- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-mis- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*mehsBrown and Wichmann 2004  
Proto-Mayan*mesKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*mis-u (earlier *mihs-u)Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

miyatz
 

Meaning(s):  n.  wise man  /  hombre sabio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mi-ya-tzi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  173-125-507

Narrow Transcription(s):  miyaatz Houston,Stuart and Robertson 1998  
miyaatz Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

momo Hieroglyph  
 (1)                

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mo

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  582


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

Mol
 

Meaning(s):  n.  8th Classic Maya Month  /  8o mes del periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mo-lo

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  582-580

Narrow Transcription(s):  Mol Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
Mol Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mon
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  sweet?  /  dulce?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mo-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  582-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  #moon Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
#moon Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mo'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  macaw  /  guacamaya    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MO'
  (2)  MO'-o
  (3)  mo-o
  (4)  mo-o-o

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  nn-280
  (3)  582-280
  (4)  582-280-280

Narrow Transcription(s):  mo' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
mo' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*mo?Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

Mo' Witz
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Mo' Witz (Copan toponym)  /  Mo' Witz (topónimo de Copan)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MO'-wi-WITZ
  (2)  mo-o-wi-tzi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-117-529
  (2)  582-280-117-507

Narrow Transcription(s):  Mo' Witz Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Mo' Witz Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mumu Hieroglyph  
 (1)             

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (19v-nn)/19


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

much
 

Meaning(s):  n.  toad  /  sapo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mu-chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  19-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  muuch Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
muuch Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Maya*moohchBrown and Wichmann 2004  
Proto-Cholan*muchKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

-muk-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  bury  /  enterrar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -mu-ku-
  (2)  -mu-ka-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  19-528
  (2)  19-738/25

Narrow Transcription(s):  -muk- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-muk- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*muqKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*mukKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mukmu-ka Hieroglyph  
 (1)                 

Meaning(s):  n.  omen  /  fama    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mu-ka

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  19-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  mu'k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
muuk Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mukaj
 

Meaning(s):  pa.  he/she is/was buried  /  el/ella es/fue enterrado(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mu-ka-ja
  (2)  mu-ku-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  19-25-181
  (2)  19-(528)-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  #mu[h]kaj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

muknal
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  tomb, burial place  /  tumba    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MUK-NAL

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-86

Narrow Transcription(s):  muknal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
muknal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mukuymu-ku-yi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                               

Meaning(s):  n.  dove, pigeon  /  paloma, pichón    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mu-ku-yi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  19-528-17

Narrow Transcription(s):  mukuuy Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
mukuuy Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*ix mukuyKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mul-
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  stack, pile up  /  amontonar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mu-lu-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (19-743)-568

Narrow Transcription(s):  #mul- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mutmu-ti Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  n.  bird  /  ave    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mu-ti

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  19-59

Narrow Transcription(s):  muut Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
muut Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*mutKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mutmu-ti Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  n.  omen  /  fama    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mu-ti

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  19-59

Narrow Transcription(s):  muut Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
muut Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

MutulMUT Hieroglyph  
 (1)                        

Meaning(s):  n.  Mutul (Tikal toponym)  /  Mutul (topónimo de Tikal)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MUT
  (2)  mu-MUT
  (3)  MUT-tu
  (4)  MUT-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  569/716/778
  (2)  19-569
  (3)  569-89
  (4)  569-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  Mutu'l Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
Mutuul Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

mutulMUT Hieroglyph  
 (1)                        

Meaning(s):  n.  knot of hair  /  bollo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MUT
  (2)  mu-MUT
  (3)  MUT-tu
  (4)  MUT-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  569/716/778
  (2)  19-569
  (3)  569-89
  (4)  569-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  mutuul Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
mutu'l Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

MuwanMUWAN-ni Hieroglyph  MUWAN-na Hieroglyph  
 (2)                    (3)               

Meaning(s):  n.  15th Classic Maya Month  /  15o mes del periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MUWAN
  (2)  MUWAN-ni
  (3)  MUWAN-na
  (4)  mu-wa-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  nn-116
  (3)  116-23
  (4)  19-130-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  Muwaan, Muwan Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Muwaa[h]n Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

muwanMUWAN-ni Hieroglyph  
 (2)                    

Meaning(s):  n.  (mythical bird) sparrow-hawk  /  (ave mítico) gavilán    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MUWAN
  (2)  MUWAN-ni
  (3)  mu-wa-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  nn-116
  (3)  19-130-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  muwaan, muwan Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
muwaa[h]n, muwan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

muwa[k]
 

Meaning(s):  n.  tidings  /  nuevas, fama    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  mu-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (19+743)-130


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

muyalMUYAL Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  n.  cloud  /  nube    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MUYAL
  (2)  MUYAL-la
  (3)  mu-MUYAL
  (4)  MUYAL-ya-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  632
  (2)  632-178
  (3)  19-632
  (4)  632-125-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  muyal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
muyal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006