Yaxchilán, Lintel 24 - K2887 ©Justin Kerr - Click to view high resolution MAYA HIEROGLYPH DICTIONARY
Peter Mathews and Péter Bíró
Drawings by John Montgomery

-i
 

Meaning(s):  suf.  intensifier suffix  /  sufijo intensificador    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -[C] i-chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-ich Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

ii Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  part.  and then  /  después    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679

Narrow Transcription(s):  i Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
i Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

ii Hieroglyph  
 (1)                 

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico]    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679/nn


Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

-i
 

Meaning(s):  suf.  thematic suffix of intransitive verbs  /  sufijo tematico de verbos intransitivos    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -[C] i



Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

-ib'
 

Meaning(s):  ad.  derives instrumentals from intransitive verbs  /  se deriva instrumentales de verbos intransitivos    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -Vi-b'i
  (2)  -b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  585


Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

ib'ach
 

Meaning(s):  n.  armadillo  /  armadillo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-b'a-cha

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-501-668

Narrow Transcription(s):  ib'ach Stuart 2005  
#ib'ach Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*iib'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ib'-achKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ich
 

Meaning(s):  n.  chile  /  chile    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  ich Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#ich Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*iihkBrown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*iikKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ichKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ichan
 

Meaning(s):  n.  mother's brother  /  tío, hermano de madre    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)i-cha-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  17-nn-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  ichaan Stuart 2005  
ichaan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ikaanKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ichanKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ichil
 

Meaning(s):  prep.  in, within  /  en, dentro    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-chi-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-671-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  ichiil Grube, Lacadena and Martin 2003  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ichiy
 

Meaning(s):  n.  hawk, heron  /  halcón, gavilán    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  'i-chi-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-671-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  ichiiy Stuart 2006  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ichkil
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  bathe [codices]  /  bañarse    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-chi-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-671-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  ichki[l] Grube, Lacadena and Martin 2003  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ichVn
 

Meaning(s):  n.  presence  /  presencia    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)i-chi-NAL
  (2)  (a-w)i-chi-NAL
  (3)  (y)i-chi-na-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  17-671-86
  (2)  228-117-671-86
  (3)  17-671-23-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  ich-Vn Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ich'akICH'AK-ki Hieroglyph  
 (2)           

Meaning(s):  n.  claw  /  garra    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ICH'AK
  (2)  ICH'AK-ki
  (3)  (y)i-ch'a-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  nn-102
  (3)  17-93-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  ihch'aak Stuart 2005  
i[h]ch'aak Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ikatzi-ka-tzi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                       

Meaning(s):  n.  load, bundle  /  cargo, bulto    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-ka-tzi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-25-507

Narrow Transcription(s):  ikaatz Stuart 2005  
ikaatz Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

iki [m]
 

Meaning(s):  n.  small owl  /  búho pequeño    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  iki[m] Grube, Lacadena and Martin 2003  
ikim Stuart 2005  
ikim Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ikitzi-ki-tzi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                

Meaning(s):  n.  load, bundle  /  cargo, bulto    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-ki-tzi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-102-507

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ikitz Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ik'IK' Hieroglyph  
 (1)               

Meaning(s):  n.  wind, air  /  viento, aire    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IK'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  503/(23-503)

Narrow Transcription(s):  ik' Stuart 2005  
#ik' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ii'hq'Brown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*i?q'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ik'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ik'
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  black  /  negro    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IK'
  (2)  i-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  95
  (2)  679-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  ik' Stuart 2005  
#ik' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*q'ekKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ik'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

Ik' Sihom
 

Meaning(s):  n.  9th Classic Maya Month  /  9o mes del periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IK'-SIHOM?
  (2)  IK'-SIHOM?-ma
  (3)  i-ki-SIHOM?-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  95-528
  (2)  95-528-nn
  (3)  679-102-528-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  ik' sihoom? Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#Ik' Siho'm Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

Ik'at
 

Meaning(s):  n.  2nd Classic Maya Month  /  2o mes del periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IK'-AT
  (2)  IK'-AT-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  95-552/553b
  (2)  95-552/553b

Narrow Transcription(s):  ik'at Lacadena and Wichmann 2000  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

Ik'atan
 

Meaning(s):  n.  2nd Classic Maya Month  /  2o mes del periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IK'-AT-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  95-552/553b-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  ik'atan Biro (pace Lacadena and Wichmann 2000)  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

-il-li Hieroglyph  
 (1)           

Meaning(s):  suf.  possessive suffix  /  sufijo posesivo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -li
  (2)  -[C] i-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  82/83

Narrow Transcription(s):  -il Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

il tun
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  [proper name of throne or stone seat]  /  [nombre propio de trono o asiento de piedra]    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IL-TUN-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  154-528-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  #il-tuun Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ilaj
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  in attendance, in the state of being seen  /  en asistencia    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IL-ji
  (2)  IL-ja
  (3)  IL-a-ja
  (4)  IL-i-a-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-88
  (2)  nn-181
  (3)  nn-228-181
  (4)  nn-[679]-228-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  ilaaj MacLeod 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

-ila'-
 

Meaning(s):  vtd.  see, witness  /  ver, ser espectador de, asistir a    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IL
  (2)  IL-la
  (3)  i-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  154
  (2)  154-178
  (3)  679-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  -ila'- MacLeod 2004  
il-a Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ilKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*il-äKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ili
 

Meaning(s):  vid.  see (him/her/it)!  /  que se vea (el/ella/lo)!    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-82

Narrow Transcription(s):  ili Carrasco, Hull and Wald  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ilil
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  seeing  /  vista    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)i-li-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  17-82-82

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ilil Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ilniy
 

Meaning(s):  ad.  got seen already  /  ya hace mirado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IL-ni-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-116-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ilniiy Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ilVn
 

Meaning(s):  ap.  got seen  /  hace mirado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IL-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  #il[V]n Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ip
 

Meaning(s):  n.  strength  /  fuerza    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-pi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-177

Narrow Transcription(s):  ip Stuart 2005  
#ip Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

-ita'-
 

Meaning(s):  vtd.  accompany  /  acompañar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)i-ta-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-565-88

Narrow Transcription(s):  -ita'a- MacLeod 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ItzamnajITZAMNAJ Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  n.  Itzamnaj (name of god)  /  Itzamnaj (nombre de dios)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ITZAMNAJ
  (2)  ITZAMNAJ-na
  (3)  i-ITZAMNAJ
  (4)  ITZAMNAJ-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (152-nn)
  (2)  (152-nn)-23
  (3)  679-(152-nn)
  (4)  (152-nn)-136

Narrow Transcription(s):  #Itzamnaaj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
Itzamnaaj Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

Itza'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Itza' (toponym?)  /  Itza' (¿topónimo?)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-tza-a
  (2)  i-tza

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-699-228
  (2)  679-699

Narrow Transcription(s):  #Itza' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
Itza' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

itz'at
 

Meaning(s):  n.  wise man  /  sabio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-tz'a-ti
  (2)  i-tz'a-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-68-59
  (2)  679-68-113

Narrow Transcription(s):  itz'aat Stuart 2005  
#itz'aat Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

itz'in
 

Meaning(s):  n.  younger brother  /  hermano menor    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-tz'i
  (2)  i-tz'i-ni
  (3)  (y)i-tz'i-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-248
  (2)  679-248-116
  (3)  125-248-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  ihtz'in Stuart 2005  
i[h]tz'iin Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ihtz'iinKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ihtz'inKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ix
 

Meaning(s):  pref.  she (female agentive prefix)  /  ella (prefijo agentivo femenino)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IX
  (2)  i-IX
  (3)  i-xi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1000a
  (2)  679-1000a
  (3)  679-1048

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ix Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
ix Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ixKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ixKaufman nnd Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

Ix Chel
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Ix Chel (name of goddess)  /  Ix Chel (nombre de diosa)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IX-che-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1000a-148-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  Ix Chel Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
Ix Chel Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ixik
 

Meaning(s):  n.  woman  /  mujer    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IXIK
  (2)  IXIK-ki
  (3)  i-xi-ki
  (4)  i-IXIK-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1000a
  (2)  1000a-102
  (3)  679-1048-102
  (4)  679-1000a-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  ixik Stuart 2005  
#ixik Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ix-oqKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ixikKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ixik ch'ok
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  princess, young girl  /  princesa, niña    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IXIK-ch'o-ko
  (2)  IXIK-ki-CH'OK-ko

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1000a-287-110
  (2)  1000a-102-758a-110

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ixik ch'ok Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
ixik ch'ok Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ixim
 

Meaning(s):  n.  maize  /  maíz    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IXIM
  (2)  i-IXIM

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  679-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  ixim Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ii'mBrown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*ix-i?mKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*iximKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ixim te'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  maize-tree  /  maíz-árbol    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IXIM-TE'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-87/518v

Narrow Transcription(s):  ixim te' Miller and Martin 2004  
iximte' Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

iximte'l
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  maize-tree-like  /  como el maíz-árbol    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IXIM-TE'
  (2)  IXIM-TE'-le
  (3)  i-IXIM-TE'-le
  (4)  IXIM-TE'-e-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-87/518v
  (2)  nn-87/518v-188
  (3)  679-nn-87/518v-188
  (4)  nn-87/518v-542-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  iximte'el Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

-iy
 

Meaning(s):  suf.  deictic clitic-already, long ago  /  clitico deictico-ya, hace mucho tiempo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -[C] i-ya


Narrow Transcription(s):  #-iiy Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006