Yaxchilán, Lintel 24 - K2887 ©Justin Kerr - Click to view high resolution MAYA HIEROGLYPH DICTIONARY
Peter Mathews and Péter Bíró
Drawings by John Montgomery

aa Hieroglyph  
 (1)             

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228/238/743


Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

a-a Hieroglyph  
 (1)         

Meaning(s):  pre.  you, your, yours  /  tu, tuyo, tuya, tuyos, tuyas    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228

Narrow Transcription(s):  # a- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Ch'olan*a-Kaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Mayan*aa-Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

ab'at
 

Meaning(s):  n.  servant  /  sirviente    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (H) AB' -ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  548-103

Narrow Transcription(s):  ab'ta Schele and Mathews 1998:179  


Last Updated:29-Mar-2005

ah-
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  conquer  /  conquistar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ha-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-(60-1042)-

Narrow Transcription(s):  # ah- Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
# ah- Houston, Stuart, and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:29-Mar-2005

ahal
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  conquest  /  conquista    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ha-li
  (2)  AHAL

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-(60-1042)-82
  (2)  nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  # ahaal Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
# ahaal Houston, Stuart and Robertson  1998


Last Updated:29-Mar-2005

ahinAHIN Hieroglyph  
 (1)                              

Meaning(s):  n.  crocodile, caiman  /  cocodrilo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AHIN
  (2)  AHIN-na
  (3)  a-AHIN-na
  (4)  AHIN-ni
  (5)  a-hi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  844
  (2)  844-23
  (3)  228-844-23
  (4)  844-116
  (5)  228-(60-528)

Narrow Transcription(s):  ahiin, ahin Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
ahiin, ahin Houston, Stuart, and Robertson  1998

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Ch'olan*ahinKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*ahiinKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:29-Mar-2005

-aj-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  wake up, awake  /  despertar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -a-ja-
  (2)  -a-je-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-181
  (2)  228-{617+69}


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ajAJ Hieroglyph  a Hieroglyph  
 (1)          (2)         

Meaning(s):  ad.  derives nouns denoting an agent , he/she who is ...  /  se deriva sustantivos que denotan agente, el/ella quien ...    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ
  (2)  a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12/(122-504)
  (2)  228/743

Narrow Transcription(s):  aj Stuart  2005
aj Lacadena and Wichmann  2004

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Ch'olan*aj-Kaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Mayan*aj-Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

aj chih
 

Meaning(s):  n.  drunkard  /  borracho(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-chi-hi
  (2)  AJ-chi
  (3)  AJ-chi-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-671-60
  (2)  12-671
  (3)  12-671-136

Narrow Transcription(s):  aj chih Grube  2004

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Ch'olan*chihKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*kiihKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

Aj K'ak' O' Chak
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Aj K'ak' O Chak (God, especially in Yaxchilan)  /  Aj K'ak' O Chak (Dios, especialmente en Yaxchilan)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-K'AK'-o-CHAK-ki
  (2)  AJ-K'AK'-o-cha-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-1035-279-nn-102
  (2)  12-1035-279-668-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  Aj K'ak' O Chaak Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Aj K'a[h]k' O Chaa[h]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

aj k'in
 

Meaning(s):  n.  priest, diviner  /  sacerdote, adivinador(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-K'IN
  (2)  AJ-K'IN-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-544
  (2)  12-544-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  #aj k'in Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
aj k'in Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

aj k'uhunAJ-K'UH-na Hieroglyph  
 (1)                        

Meaning(s):  n.  worshipper  /  adorador    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-K'UH-na
  (2)  AJ-K'UH-HUN-na
  (3)  AJ-K'UH-HUN
  (4)  a-K'UH-na
  (5)  a-K'UH-na
  (6)  AJ-K'UH-hu-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-1016-23
  (2)  12-1016-522-23
  (3)  12-1016-522
  (4)  228-1016-23
  (5)  743-1016-23
  (6)  12-1016-740b-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  aj k'uhuun Zender  2004
# aj k'uhu'n Lacadena and Wichmann  2004


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

aj pitzil ol
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  he of the youthful heart  /  el con el corazón hermosa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-pi-tzi-la-OL

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-177-507-178-506

Narrow Transcription(s):  #aj pitzil o'[h]l Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

aj tz'ib'AJ-tz'i-b'i Hieroglyph  
 (1)                        

Meaning(s):  n.  scribe  /  escribano    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-tz'i-b'i
  (2)  a-tz'i-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-563a-585
  (2)  228-563a-501

Narrow Transcription(s):  aj tz'i[h]b' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*tz'ihb'Brown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*tz'ihb'Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Ch'olan*aj tz'ihb'Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

aj tz'ib'al
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  painter, artist  /  dibujante, artista    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-tz'i-b'a-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-248-501-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  aj tz'i[h]b'aal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

aj yul
 

Meaning(s):  n.  polisher?  /  ¿pulidor(a)?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-yu-lu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-61-568

Narrow Transcription(s):  # aj yul Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ajal
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  awakening  /  despertamiento    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ja-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-181-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ajal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ajawAJAW Hieroglyph  AJAW-wa Hieroglyph  a-ja-wa Hieroglyph  
 (1)                     (2)                        (5)                     

Meaning(s):  n.  lord, king, ruler  /  señor, rey, gobernante    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJAW
  (2)  AJAW-wa
  (3)  a-AJAW-wa
  (4)  a-AJAW
  (5)  a-ja-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  168/(168-518a)/533/747a/1000d
  (2)  168/(168-518a)/533/747a/1000d-130
  (3)  228-168/(168-518a)/747a/1000d-130
  (4)  228-1000d
  (5)  228-181-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  ajaw Stuart 2005  
# ajaaw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Ch'olan*ajawKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*aajaawKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ajawil
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  reign,kingship, lordship  /  reino, señorio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJAW-li
  (2)  a-ja-wa-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  168-24
  (2)  228-181-130-24

Narrow Transcription(s):  ajawil Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
# ajaawil Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ajawlelAJAW-le-le Hieroglyph  
 (1)                

Meaning(s):  nd.  reign, kingship, lordship  /  reino, señorio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJAW-le-le
  (2)  AJAW-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  168/747a-88-88
  (2)  168/(168-518a)/747a/1000d-88

Narrow Transcription(s):  ajawlel Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
# ajaawlel Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ajch'ama[k]
 

Meaning(s):  n.  fox  /  zorro(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-ch'a-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-93-142

Narrow Transcription(s):  ajchama[k] Mathews and Zender 1999:105  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ajes
 

Meaning(s):  vid.  make awake  /  se hace despertar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-je-se

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-(617-69)-520

Narrow Transcription(s):  ajes Zender 2005  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ajmuch
 

Meaning(s):  n.  toad  /  sapo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-mu-chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-19-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  a[j]muuch Lacadena and Wichmann  2004

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*moohchBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Ch'olan*aj muchKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

akAK Hieroglyph  
 (1)                  

Meaning(s):  n.  turtle  /  tortuga    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AK
  (2)  AK-ka
  (3)  a-ka

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  743
  (2)  743-25
  (3)  228-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  a[h]k Lacadena and Wichmann  2004

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ahqBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Ch'olan*ahkKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

Akan
 

Meaning(s):  n.  god of visions, enemas, and alcohol (God A')  /  dios de visiones, enemas y alcohol (Dios A')    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AKAN
  (2)  AKAN-na
  (3)  AJ-AKAN-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1042
  (2)  1042-23
  (3)  12-1042-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  A[h]kan Lacadena and Wichmann  2004


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

akan
 

Meaning(s):  n.  roaring, groan  /  bramido, gemido    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AKAN
  (2)  AKAN-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1042
  (2)  1042-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  a[h]kan Lacadena and Wichmann  2004

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Ch'olan*ahkänKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*ahqanKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

-akta-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  loose, drop  /  perder, dejar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)a-ka-ta-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-25-103-

Narrow Transcription(s):  -akta- Stuart 2005  
#-akta- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

aku'l
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  turtle-place, turtle-like  /  lugar de tortuga, tortuguero    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AK-la
  (2)  a-ku
  (3)  a-ku-la
  (4)  AJ-lu
  (5)  a-ku-lu
  (6)  a-ku-u-lu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  743-178
  (2)  228-528
  (3)  228-528-178
  (4)  12-568
  (5)  228-528-568
  (6)  228-528-1-568

Narrow Transcription(s):  a[h]ku'ul, a[h]kul Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
a[h]kuul, a[h]kul Houston, Stuart and Robertson  1998


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

-ak'-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  give  /  dar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -a-k'a-
  (2)  -a-AK'-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-669-
  (2)  125-516a-

Narrow Transcription(s):  -ak'- Stuart 2005  
-a[h]k'- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Ch'olan*ähk'Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*aq'Kaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ak'ab'AK'AB' Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  n.  night, darkness  /  noche, oscuridad    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AK'AB'
  (2)  a-k'a-b'a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  504
  (2)  228-669-501

Narrow Transcription(s):  ak'ab' Stuart 2005  
ak'ab' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Ch'olan*ahk'äb'Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*ahq'ab'-*aaq'ab'Kaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ak'ach
 

Meaning(s):  n.  turkey hen  /  pava    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AK'ACH
  (2)  a-k'a-cha


Narrow Transcription(s):  #ak'ach Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Ch'olan*ak'achKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*ak'Kaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

Ak'e
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Ak'e (Main Sign of Emblem Glyph around Bonampak)  /  Ak'e (Signo principal del glifo emblema alrededor de Bonampak)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-k'e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228/229/743-[197+515]

Narrow Transcription(s):  ak'e Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
ak'e Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ak'nom
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  giver  /  donador    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-AK'-no-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-516-134-74

Narrow Transcription(s):  # ak'no'm Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ak'taj
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  dance  /  bailar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AK'-ta-ja
  (2)  a-AK'-ta-ja
  (3)  AK'-TAJ

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  516-103-181
  (2)  228-516-103-181
  (3)  516-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  #a[h]k'taj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ak'Vt?
 

Meaning(s):  n.  dance  /  baile    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AK'-ta
  (2)  AK'-ta
  (3)  a-AK'-ta
  (4)  a-k'a-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  516-113
  (2)  743-113
  (3)  228-516-113
  (4)  228-669-113

Narrow Transcription(s):  #a[h]k'ut Lacadena 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Ch'olan*ahk-otKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

-al
 

Meaning(s):  suf.  nominalizer  /  nominalizador    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  [C]a-la



Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

-al
 

Meaning(s):  n.  child of mother  /  hijo de madre    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)a-AL
  (2)  (y)a-AL-la
  (3)  (y)a-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-670
  (2)  125-670-178
  (3)  125-534

Narrow Transcription(s):  -al Stuart 2005  
-a[h]l Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*aahlBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*aalKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*alKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

alay
 

Meaning(s):  adv.  hereby, thus  /  asi    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-LAY-ya
  (2)  a-la-LAY-ya
  (3)  a-LAY
  (4)  a-la-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-nn-125
  (2)  228-178-nn-125
  (3)  228-nn
  (4)  228-534-125


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

-am
 

Meaning(s):  suf.  participial suffix (alloform of -om)  /  sufijo participial (alloformo de -om)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  [C]a-ma



Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

amal
 

Meaning(s):  n.  toad  /  sapo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ma-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-502-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  amal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#amal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

an
 

Meaning(s):  n.  spring maize, young ear of maize  /  elote    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AN
  (2)  a-AN
  (3)  a-AN-nu
  (4)  a-nu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  228-nn
  (3)  228-nn-265/592
  (4)  228-254/592

Narrow Transcription(s):  a'n Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
aan Houston, Stuart and Robertson  1998

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*ajänKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Maya*ajnKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

an-
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  run  /  correr    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  743-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  a[h]n Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ahnBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*ahnKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*ahnKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

atAT-ti Hieroglyph  
 (1)                

Meaning(s):  n.  penis  /  pene    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AT-ti
  (2)  AT-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  761-59
  (2)  761-93

Narrow Transcription(s):  aat (early) at (late) Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
aat (early) at (late) Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*aatyBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*aatyKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*atKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

atan(y)a-AT-na Hieroglyph  
 (1)                         

Meaning(s):  n.  wife  /  esposa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)a-AT-na
  (2)  AJ-AT-na
  (3)  (y)a-ta-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-552-23
  (2)  12-552-23
  (3)  125-103-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  atan Stuart 2005  
#atan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

-ati-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  bathe  /  bañar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)a-ATI-
  (2)  (y)a-ti-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-nn
  (2)  125-59-

Narrow Transcription(s):  -ati- Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*at-i-VnKaufmann and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*ätKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

atot
 

Meaning(s):  n.  house  /  casa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)a-ATOT-ti
  (2)  (y)a-to-TE'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-(614-843)-59
  (2)  125-(44-563b)-87

Narrow Transcription(s):  atoot Stuart 2005  
atoot Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*atyootyKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

-a'l-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  say  /  decir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)a-a-la-
  (2)  (y)a-la(-ji-ya)

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-228-178
  (2)  125-534-134-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-a'l- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*äl häl?Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*halKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

a'nab'a-na-b'i Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  n.  title (without translation)  /  título (sin traducción)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-na-b'i
  (2)  (y)a-a-na-b'i-(li)

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-23-585
  (2)  125-228-23-585-24

Narrow Transcription(s):  # anaab' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
anib' Stuart and Houston 2001  
# anaab' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006