Yaxchilán, Lintel 24 - K2887 ©Justin Kerr - Click to view high resolution MAYA HIEROGLYPH DICTIONARY
Peter Mathews and Péter Bíró
Drawings by John Montgomery

ah-
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  conquer  /  conquistar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ha-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-(60-1042)-

Narrow Transcription(s):  # ah- Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
# ah- Houston, Stuart, and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:19-Oct-2005

ahal
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  conquest  /  conquista    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ha-li
  (2)  AHAL

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-(60-1042)-82
  (2)  nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  # ahaal Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
# ahaal Houston, Stuart and Robertson  1998


Last Updated:19-Oct-2005

ahinAHIN Hieroglyph  
 (1)                              

Meaning(s):  n.  crocodile, caiman  /  cocodrilo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AHIN
  (2)  AHIN-na
  (3)  a-AHIN-na
  (4)  AHIN-ni
  (5)  a-hi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  844
  (2)  844-23
  (3)  228-844-23
  (4)  844-116
  (5)  228-(60-528)

Narrow Transcription(s):  ahiin, ahin Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
ahiin, ahin Houston, Stuart, and Robertson  1998

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Ch'olan*ahinKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*ahiinKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

-al
 

Meaning(s):  n.  child of mother  /  hijo de madre    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)a-AL
  (2)  (y)a-AL-la
  (3)  (y)a-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-670
  (2)  125-670-178
  (3)  125-534

Narrow Transcription(s):  -al Stuart 2005  
-a[h]l Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*aahlBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*aalKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*alKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

-b'a

Meaning(s):  suf.  causative suffix of positional verbs with rounded vowels  /  sufijo causativo de verbos posicionales con vocales redondas    


Thompson Number(s):  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

b'ahtz'am

Meaning(s):  nc.  clown  /  payazo    


Thompson Number(s):  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

-b'ak--B'AK- Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  vtd.  capture  /  capturar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -B'AK-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  570

Narrow Transcription(s):  -b'aak- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#-b'aak- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

b'ak
 

Meaning(s):  n.  child  /  niño    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'a-ku

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  501-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'a'k Lacadena and Wichmann  2004


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

b'akB'AK Hieroglyph  b'a-ki Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      (3)              

Meaning(s):  n.  captive  /  cautivo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AK
  (2)  B'AK-ki
  (3)  b'a-ki
  (4)  B'AK-ka

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  570
  (2)  570-102
  (3)  501-102
  (4)  570-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'aak, b'ak Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
b'aak, b'ak Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

b'ob'b'o-b'o Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  n.  coyote  /  coyote    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'o-b'o

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  519-519

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'o[h]b' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
b'ob' (as flower) Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

-b'u

Meaning(s):  suf.  causative suffix of positional verbs with unrounded vowels  /  sufijo causativo de verbos posicionales con vocales no-redondas    


Thompson Number(s):  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

b'ukb'u-ku Hieroglyph  
 (1)                 

Meaning(s):  n.  clothing, clothes  /  blusa, ropa, vestido    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'u-ku

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  21-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'uk Stuart 2005  
b'u[h]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*b'uhkKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*b'uq'Kaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

Chahuk Nah
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chahuk Nah (proper name of building)  /  Chahuk Nah (nombre de edificio)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  cha-hu-ku-NAH

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  135-740-528-4

Narrow Transcription(s):  chahuk naah Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chahuk naah Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

Chak
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chak (Rain God)  /  Chak (Dios de la Lluvia)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK
  (2)  CHAK-ki
  (3)  cha-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1030
  (2)  1030-102
  (3)  668-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  chaak Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chaa[h]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

Chak Chel
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chak Chel (name of a goddess)  /  Chak Chel (nombre de una diosa)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-che-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-148-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chak Chel Housotn, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chak Chel Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

Chak Ha'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chak Ha' (Petexbatun area toponym)  /  Chak Ha' (topónimo del área de Petexbatun)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-HA'
  (2)  CHAK-HA'-a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-556
  (2)  109-556-228

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chak Ha' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chak Ha' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

chakalte'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  chicozapote  /  chicozapote    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-la-TE'
  (2)  CHAK-TE'-e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-178-87
  (2)  109-87-542

Narrow Transcription(s):  chakalte' Housotn, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chakalte' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

chakte'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cedar  

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-TE'-e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-87-542


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

Chan Witik
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chan Witik (Copan toponym)  /  Chan Witik (topónimo de Copan)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN-wi-ti-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  IV-117-59-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chan Witik Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chan Witik Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

chanal
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  celestial  /  celestial    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  561-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  chanal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chanal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

Chante' Ajaw
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chante' Ajaw (name of Copan patron god)  /  Chante' Ajaw (nombre del dios tutelar de Copan)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN-TE'-AJAW

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  IV-87-168

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chante' Ajaw Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chante' Ajaw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

Chante' Sutz'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chante' Sutz' (proper name of building at Yaxchilan)  /  Chante' Sutz' (nombre de un edificio de Yaxchilan)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN-TE'-SUTZ'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  IV-87-756

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chante' Suutz' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chante' Suutz' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

chapat
 

Meaning(s):  n.  centipede  /  ciempiés    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAPAT-tu
  (2)  cha-pa-tu
  (3)  cha-CHAPAT-ti
  (4)  cha-pa-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-89
  (2)  (520-299)-586-89
  (3)  135-nn-59
  (4)  (520-299)-586-113

Narrow Transcription(s):  chapa[h]t Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
chapa'[h]t (from CHAPAT-tu, cha-pa-tu) Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
chapaa[h]t Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

chik
 

Meaning(s):  n.  coatimundi  /  coati    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chi-ku

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  671-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  chi[h]k Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chi'[i]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-chuk--chu-ka- Hieroglyph  -chu-ku- Hieroglyph  
 (1)               (2)                

Meaning(s):  vt.  capture, catch, grab, seize, fetch  /  capturar, agarrar, asir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -chu-ka-
  (2)  -chu-ku-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (517-87)-25
  (2)  (517-87)-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  -chuk- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-chuk- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*chukKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

ch'enCH'EN Hieroglyph  CH'EN-na Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      (2)                     

Meaning(s):  n.  cave, well  /  cueva, pozo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CH'EN
  (2)  CH'EN-na
  (3)  CH'EN-ni
  (4)  CH'EN-ne

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  571/598/599
  (2)  571/598/599-23
  (3)  599-116
  (4)  599-120

Narrow Transcription(s):  ch'een, ch'en Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
ch'e'n, ch'een, ch'en Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayank'ee'nBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*k'e?nKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*ch'enKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-hen
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  count of single days?  /  ¿particula para contar días singulares?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  he-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  574-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-heen Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-he'n Lacadena and Wichmann 2000  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-hew
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  count of single days?  /  ¿particula para contar días singulares?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  he-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  574-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-heew Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-he'w Lacadena and Wichmann 2000  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

ich
 

Meaning(s):  n.  chile  /  chile    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  ich Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#ich Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*iihkBrown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*iikKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ichKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

ich'akICH'AK-ki Hieroglyph  
 (2)           

Meaning(s):  n.  claw  /  garra    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ICH'AK
  (2)  ICH'AK-ki
  (3)  (y)i-ch'a-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  nn-102
  (3)  17-93-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  ihch'aak Stuart 2005  
i[h]ch'aak Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

jawa[n]te'ja-wa-TE' Hieroglyph  
 (1)                  

Meaning(s):  n.  ceramic dish  /  plato cerámico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ja-wa-TE'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  181-130-87

Narrow Transcription(s):  jawa[n]te' Houston, Stuart and Taube 1989  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

jayja-yi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  n.  clay bowl  /  tazón de barro    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ja-yi
  (2)  ja-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  181-17
  (2)  181-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  jaay, jay Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
jaay, #jay Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*jaayKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*jayKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-jom-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  collapse, sink; end  /  desbaratar, acabar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  jo-mo

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  607-582

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-jom- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-jom- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

jub'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  conch, conch trumpet  /  caracol, trompeta del caracol    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ju-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  45-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  juub' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
juub' Lacadena and Wichmann 1998  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

juch
 

Meaning(s):  n.  conch shell  /  concha    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ju-chi
  (2)  ju-chu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  45-671
  (2)  45-(515-87)

Narrow Transcription(s):  juu[h]ch, #ju[h]ch Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
juuch, juuch Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

jukub'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  canoe  /  canoa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ju-ku-b'i
  (2)  JUKUB'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  45-528-585
  (2)  nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  jukuub' Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  
#jukuub' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*jukuub'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*jukub'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

kakawka-ka-wa Hieroglyph  ka-wa Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      (2)                          

Meaning(s):  n.  cacao  /  cacao    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ka-ka-wa
  (2)  ka-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  738-25-130
  (2)  738-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  kakaw Stuart 2005  
kakaw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*käkäwKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-kuch-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  carry  /  cargar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -ku-chu-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  528-(517-87)

Narrow Transcription(s):  -kuch- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-kuch- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*kuchKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*kuchKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

k'at
 

Meaning(s):  n.  ceramic bowl  

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  K'AT



Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

k'at
 

Meaning(s):  n.  crosswise  /  atravesado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  K'AT
  (2)  K'AT-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  553a
  (2)  553a-565a

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*q'atKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*k'ätKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-lat
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  count of elapsed time periods  /  cuenta de periodo de tiempo elapsado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  la-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  178-113

Narrow Transcription(s):  -lat Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-lat Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-mak-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  cover, close  /  tapar, cerrar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -ma-ka-
  (2)  -ma-AK-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-25
  (2)  74-626av

Narrow Transcription(s):  -mak- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-mak- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*maqBrown and Wichmann 2004  
Proto-Mayan*maqKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*mäkKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

makma-ka Hieroglyph  
 (1)                        

Meaning(s):  n.  cover, capstone  /  cubierta, tapa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-ka
  (2)  ma-ko

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-25
  (2)  74-110

Narrow Transcription(s):  mak, maak? Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
mak, maak Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

maknom
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  closer, coverer  /  tapador    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-ka-no-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  502-25-(595-134)-74

Narrow Transcription(s):  #makno'm Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

mas
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cricket  /  grillo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-su

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-216

Narrow Transcription(s):  ma[h]s Lacadena and Wichmann n.d.  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

mat
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cormorant, crow  /  cormorán, cuervo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MAT
  (2)  ma-MAT
  (3)  ma-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  793a
  (2)  74-793a
  (3)  74-565

Narrow Transcription(s):  mat Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
mat Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

muyalMUYAL Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  n.  cloud  /  nube    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MUYAL
  (2)  MUYAL-la
  (3)  mu-MUYAL
  (4)  MUYAL-ya-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  632
  (2)  632-178
  (3)  19-632
  (4)  632-125-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  muyal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
muyal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-nak-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  conquer  /  conquistar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -na-ka-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  -1000a-25-

Narrow Transcription(s):  -nak- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-nak- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-nak
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  classifier of living beings, captives  /  classificador de seres vivos, cautivos    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -na-ka

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  23-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  -nak Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-nak Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

nupul
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  counter, familiar  /  contrario, familiar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  nu-pu-lu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  592-266-568

Narrow Transcription(s):  nupul Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
nupul Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-pach-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  choose, select, elect, take possession of, appropriate  /  escoger, elegir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  pa-chi-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  586-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  -paach- Houston, Stuart and Robertson  1998
-paach- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

pal

Meaning(s):  n.  child  /  niño    


Thompson Number(s):  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

pas-
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  come out  /  salir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  PAS

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (544-561v-526)/(208/222-526)

Narrow Transcription(s):  pas- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
pas- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*pas (earlier *pahs)Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

pa'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cleft, split  /  hendedura, grieta    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  pa-a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  586-228

Narrow Transcription(s):  pa' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
pa' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

pa'l
 

Meaning(s):  n.  creek, lagoon, stream  /  arroyo, laguna    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  pa-a-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  586-228-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  pa'al Lacadena and Wichmann  2004


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

pek-?
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  call, order  /  llamar, ordenar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -pe-ka-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  759-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  -pek- Beliaev and Davletshin n.d.  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*pehk-äKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-pik
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  counts of 8,000  /  cuenta de 8,000    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  pi-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  200-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  -pik Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-pik Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*pikKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-pis
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  count of time periods  /  cuenta de periodos de tiempo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -pi-si

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  200-57

Narrow Transcription(s):  -pis Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-pis Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

pokol che'b'
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  ceramic washbowl for quill pens  /  cerámica para lavar cepillos    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  po-ko-lo-che-e-b'u
  (2)  po-ko-lo-che-b'u

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  687-110-580-148-542-21
  (2)  687-110-580-148-21

Narrow Transcription(s):  pokol che'ehb' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

pu[j]
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cattail reed  /  caña    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  pu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  266

Narrow Transcription(s):  puj Stuart 2000  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*pujKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-sus-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  clean, peel off  /  limpiar, pelar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -su-sa-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  216-630

Narrow Transcription(s):  -sus- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-sus- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*susKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

tal-ta-li Hieroglyph  
 (1)                          

Meaning(s):  vi.  come  /  venir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ta-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  565-82

Narrow Transcription(s):  tal- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
tal- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*tya...Kaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Mayan*tyaalBrown and Wichmann 2004  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-tal
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  counts of ordinals, days  /  cuenta de ordinales, días    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  TAL
  (2)  ta-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  674
  (2)  51-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  -tal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-tal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-teTE' Hieroglyph  
 (1)          

Meaning(s):  ncl.  count of time periods  /  cuenta de periodos de tiempo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  TE'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  87

Narrow Transcription(s):  -te Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-te Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

tel
 

Meaning(s):  n.  crest  /  cresta    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  te-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (78-518c)-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  tel Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
tel Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-tikil
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  counts of beings  /  cuenta de seres vivos    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -ti-ki-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  59-102-82/83

Narrow Transcription(s):  -tikil Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-tikil Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

tokto-ko Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  n.  cloud  /  nube    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  to-ko

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  44-110

Narrow Transcription(s):  tok Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
tok Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

tokal
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  cloud  /  nube    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  TOK-la
  (2)  to-ka-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-178
  (2)  44-25-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  tokal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
tokal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*tokalKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Mayan*tyook-(al)Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-tuk
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  count of piles (20)  /  cuenta de una pila (20)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -tu-ku

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  89-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  -tuk Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-tuk Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

tzakul?
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  conjurator?, perforator?  /  ¿conjurador?, ¿perforador?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  tza-ku

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  699-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  tza'k? Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

tzik
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  count  /  cuenta    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  tzi-ka

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  507-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  tziik Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
tziik Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*tzikKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-tz'akTZ'AK Hieroglyph  
 (1)                  

Meaning(s):  ncl.  count of things put in order  /  cuenta de cosas puestos en sequencia    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  TZ'AK
  (2)  TZ'AK-ka

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  573a
  (2)  573a-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  -tz'a[h]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

tz'akaj(u)-TZ'AK-AJ Hieroglyph  
 (2)               

Meaning(s):  nd.  count, completing  /  cuenta, completamiento    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (u)-TZ'AK-ka-ja
  (2)  (u)-TZ'AK-AJ
  (3)  (u)-TZ'AK-ka-AJ
  (4)  (u)-TZ'AK-a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1-573a-25-181
  (2)  1-573a-12
  (3)  1-573a-25-12
  (4)  1-573a-228

Narrow Transcription(s):  tz'akaj Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
tz'akaj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

tz'ik
 

Meaning(s):  n.  clay  /  barro    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  tz'i-ku

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  248-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  tz'iik Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
tz'i'[h]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

tz'utz'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  coatimundi  /  coatimundi    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  tz'u-tz'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-248

Narrow Transcription(s):  tz'uutz' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
tz'uutz' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

unen
 

Meaning(s):  n.  child of father  /  hijo de padre    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  u-2ne
  (2)  (y)u-ne

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1-120-120
  (2)  61-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  unen Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
unen Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*une...Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

-uxul-
 

Meaning(s):  vtd.  carve, sculpt  /  esculpir, grabar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -u-xu-lu-
  (2)  (y)u-xu-lu-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1-nn-568
  (2)  61-nn-568

Narrow Transcription(s):  -uxul- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

uxul
 

Meaning(s):  n.  carving, sculpture  /  escultura, grabado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  u-xu-lu
  (2)  (y)u-xu-lu
  (3)  (y)u-xu-lu-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1-nn-568
  (2)  61-nn-568
  (3)  61-nn-568-83

Narrow Transcription(s):  uxul, uxuluul Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
uxul, uxulil Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

uxulnajal
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  carving, sculpture  /  grabado, escultura    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)u-xu-lu-na-ja-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61-nn-568-1000a/23-181-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  uxulnajal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

uxulwajal
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  carving, sculpture  /  grabado, escultura    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)u-xu-wa-ja-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61-nn-130-181-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  uxulwajal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

xok
 

Meaning(s):  n.  count  /  cuenta    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  xo-ko

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  526-110

Narrow Transcription(s):  xok Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
xok Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

xok tun
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  counting-stone  /  piedra para contar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  xo-ko-TUN-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  536-110-528-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  xoktuun Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
xoktuun Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

xol
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  cylindrical  /  cilíndrico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  xo[l]

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  536

Narrow Transcription(s):  xol   


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

xo[l]te'
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  cylindrical piece of wood  /  báculo cilíndrico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  xo-TE'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  536-87

Narrow Transcription(s):  xo[l]te' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
xo[l]te' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

xuk
 

Meaning(s):  n.  corner  /  esquina    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  xu-ka-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  756c-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  xu[h]k- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*xukKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*xuhkKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

xukal
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  cornered, square  /  rinconada, cuadrado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  xu-ka-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  756c-25-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  xu[h]kal Biro 2005  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

xukalnah
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cornered-house  /  casa rinconada    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  xu-ka-la-NAH
  (2)  xu-ka-NAH

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  756c-25-178-4
  (2)  756c-25-4

Narrow Transcription(s):  xu[h]kalnah Biro 2005  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

yax te'
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  ceiba tree  /  ceiba    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX-TE'
  (2)  YAX-TE'-e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16-87
  (2)  16-87-542

Narrow Transcription(s):  yax te' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
yax te' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

yaxun
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cotinga  /  cotinga    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-YAXUN-na
  (2)  ya-YAXUN
  (3)  YAXUN
  (4)  ya-xu-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-nn-23
  (2)  125-nn
  (3)  nn
  (4)  125-756c-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  yaxuun Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
yaxu'n Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

yokib'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  canyon, entrance  /  cañón, entrada    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yo-ki-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  115-102-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  yokib' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
yokib' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005