Yaxchilán, Lintel 24 - K2887 ©Justin Kerr - Click to view high resolution MAYA HIEROGLYPH DICTIONARY
Peter Mathews and Péter Bíró
Drawings by John Montgomery

ah-
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  conquer  /  conquistar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ha-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-(60-1042)-

Narrow Transcription(s):  # ah- Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
# ah- Houston, Stuart, and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:19-Oct-2005

ahal
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  conquest  /  conquista    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ha-li
  (2)  AHAL

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-(60-1042)-82
  (2)  nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  # ahaal Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
# ahaal Houston, Stuart and Robertson  1998


Last Updated:19-Oct-2005

ahinAHIN Hieroglyph  
 (1)                              

Meaning(s):  n.  crocodile, caiman  /  cocodrilo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AHIN
  (2)  AHIN-na
  (3)  a-AHIN-na
  (4)  AHIN-ni
  (5)  a-hi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  844
  (2)  844-23
  (3)  228-844-23
  (4)  844-116
  (5)  228-(60-528)

Narrow Transcription(s):  ahiin, ahin Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
ahiin, ahin Houston, Stuart, and Robertson  1998

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Ch'olan*ahinKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*ahiinKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

an-
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  run  /  correr    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  743-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  a[h]n Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ahnBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*ahnKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*ahnKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

atot
 

Meaning(s):  n.  house  /  casa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)a-ATOT-ti
  (2)  (y)a-to-TE'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-(614-843)-59
  (2)  125-(44-563b)-87

Narrow Transcription(s):  atoot Stuart 2005  
atoot Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*atyootyKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

b'ahB'AH Hieroglyph  
 (1)                     

Meaning(s):  n.  face, self, image, first  /  cara, su mismo/misma, imagen, primero/primera    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH
  (2)  B'AH-hi
  (3)  b'a-hi
  (4)  B'AH-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  757
  (2)  757-60/(60-528)
  (3)  501-60/(60-528)
  (4)  757-136

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'aah Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
b'aah Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*b'AhBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*b'aahKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*b'ahKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

b'ahis
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  head  /  cabeza    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH-si

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  757-57

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'aahis Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
b'aahis Zender 2004b  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

b'akB'AK Hieroglyph  b'a-ki Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      (3)              

Meaning(s):  n.  captive  /  cautivo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AK
  (2)  B'AK-ki
  (3)  b'a-ki
  (4)  B'AK-ka

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  570
  (2)  570-102
  (3)  501-102
  (4)  570-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'aak, b'ak Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
b'aak, b'ak Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

-b'ak--B'AK- Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  vtd.  capture  /  capturar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -B'AK-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  570

Narrow Transcription(s):  -b'aak- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#-b'aak- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

b'ob'b'o-b'o Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  n.  coyote  /  coyote    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'o-b'o

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  519-519

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'o[h]b' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
b'ob' (as flower) Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

b'oj
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  nail  /  clavar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'o-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  519-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'o[h]jaj #Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*b'ojKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Mayan*b'ajKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

chach
 

Meaning(s):  n.  basket  /  cesta    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  cha-chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  668-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  chaach Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chaach Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

Chahuk Nah
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chahuk Nah (proper name of building)  /  Chahuk Nah (nombre de edificio)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  cha-hu-ku-NAH

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  135-740-528-4

Narrow Transcription(s):  chahuk naah Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chahuk naah Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

chak-CHAK Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  vp.  tie up  /  colgar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109

Narrow Transcription(s):  chak- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chak- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

Chak
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chak (Rain God)  /  Chak (Dios de la Lluvia)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK
  (2)  CHAK-ki
  (3)  cha-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1030
  (2)  1030-102
  (3)  668-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  chaak Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chaa[h]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

Chak Chel
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chak Chel (name of a goddess)  /  Chak Chel (nombre de una diosa)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-che-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-148-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chak Chel Housotn, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chak Chel Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

Chak Ha'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chak Ha' (Petexbatun area toponym)  /  Chak Ha' (topónimo del área de Petexbatun)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-HA'
  (2)  CHAK-HA'-a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-556
  (2)  109-556-228

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chak Ha' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chak Ha' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

chakalte'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  chicozapote  /  chicozapote    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-la-TE'
  (2)  CHAK-TE'-e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-178-87
  (2)  109-87-542

Narrow Transcription(s):  chakalte' Housotn, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chakalte' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

chaklib'
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  tied-up thing, panel  /  cosa colgada, tablero    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-li-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-24-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  chaklib' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chaklib' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

chanCHAN Hieroglyph  CHAN-na Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    (2)                   

Meaning(s):  n.  sky  /  cielo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN
  (2)  CHAN-na
  (3)  cha-CHAN
  (4)  cha-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  561
  (2)  561-23
  (3)  135-561
  (4)  135-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  chan Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  
chan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*kaa'ngBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*ka?ngKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*chanKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

chanCHAN Hieroglyph  
 (1)    

Meaning(s):  num.  four  /  cuatro    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN


Narrow Transcription(s):  chan Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*chänKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*kaang-ib'Kaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

Chan Witik
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chan Witik (Copan toponym)  /  Chan Witik (topónimo de Copan)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN-wi-ti-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  IV-117-59-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chan Witik Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chan Witik Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

chanal
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  celestial  /  celestial    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  561-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  chanal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chanal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

Chante' Ajaw
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chante' Ajaw (name of Copan patron god)  /  Chante' Ajaw (nombre del dios tutelar de Copan)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN-TE'-AJAW

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  IV-87-168

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chante' Ajaw Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chante' Ajaw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

Chante' Sutz'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chante' Sutz' (proper name of building at Yaxchilan)  /  Chante' Sutz' (nombre de un edificio de Yaxchilan)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN-TE'-SUTZ'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  IV-87-756

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chante' Suutz' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chante' Suutz' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

chapat
 

Meaning(s):  n.  centipede  /  ciempiés    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAPAT-tu
  (2)  cha-pa-tu
  (3)  cha-CHAPAT-ti
  (4)  cha-pa-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-89
  (2)  (520-299)-586-89
  (3)  135-nn-59
  (4)  (520-299)-586-113

Narrow Transcription(s):  chapa[h]t Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
chapa'[h]t (from CHAPAT-tu, cha-pa-tu) Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
chapaa[h]t Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

chijchi Hieroglyph  
 (2)                  

Meaning(s):  n.  deer  /  ciervo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chi-ji
  (2)  chi
  (3)  CHIJ-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  671-88/136
  (2)  671
  (3)  766-136

Narrow Transcription(s):  chij Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*kehjBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*kehjKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*chijKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

chik
 

Meaning(s):  n.  coatimundi  /  coati    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chi-ku

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  671-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  chi[h]k Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chi'[i]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

-chuk--chu-ka- Hieroglyph  -chu-ku- Hieroglyph  
 (1)               (2)                

Meaning(s):  vt.  capture, catch, grab, seize, fetch  /  capturar, agarrar, asir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -chu-ka-
  (2)  -chu-ku-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (517-87)-25
  (2)  (517-87)-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  -chuk- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-chuk- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*chukKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

-chuy-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  sew  /  coser    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chu-yu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (517-87)-61

Narrow Transcription(s):  -chuy- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-chuy- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

ch'enCH'EN Hieroglyph  CH'EN-na Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      (2)                     

Meaning(s):  n.  cave, well  /  cueva, pozo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CH'EN
  (2)  CH'EN-na
  (3)  CH'EN-ni
  (4)  CH'EN-ne

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  571/598/599
  (2)  571/598/599-23
  (3)  599-116
  (4)  599-120

Narrow Transcription(s):  ch'een, ch'en Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
ch'e'n, ch'een, ch'en Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayank'ee'nBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*k'e?nKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*ch'enKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

halab'?
 

Meaning(s):  n.  ballcourt  /  cancha de juego de pelota    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HALAB'?
  (2)  HALAB'?-b'i
  (3)  ha-HALAB'-b'i?

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  nn-585
  (3)  (60-1042)-nn-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  halaab'? Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#halaab'? Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

halaw?
 

Meaning(s):  n.  ballcourt  /  cancha de juego de pelota    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HALAW?
  (2)  HALAW?-wa
  (3)  HALAW?-la-wa
  (4)  ha-HALAW?-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  nn-130
  (3)  nn-178-130
  (4)  (60-1042)-nn-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  halaw? Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#halaw? Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

hek
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  hang up, be stuck, insert  /  colgar, trabarse, insertar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  e-ke-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  741a-220

Narrow Transcription(s):  [h]ek- Wichmann 2001  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

ho'
 

Meaning(s):  num.  five  /  cinco    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HO'


Narrow Transcription(s):  ho' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#ho' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ho'Brown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*ho?-oob'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ho?Kaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ich
 

Meaning(s):  n.  chile  /  chile    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  ich Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#ich Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*iihkBrown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*iikKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ichKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ikatzi-ka-tzi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                       

Meaning(s):  n.  load, bundle  /  cargo, bulto    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-ka-tzi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-25-507

Narrow Transcription(s):  ikaatz Stuart 2005  
ikaatz Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ikitzi-ki-tzi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                

Meaning(s):  n.  load, bundle  /  cargo, bulto    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-ki-tzi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-102-507

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ikitz Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

iximte'l
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  maize-tree-like  /  como el maíz-árbol    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IXIM-TE'
  (2)  IXIM-TE'-le
  (3)  i-IXIM-TE'-le
  (4)  IXIM-TE'-e-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-87/518v
  (2)  nn-87/518v-188
  (3)  679-nn-87/518v-188
  (4)  nn-87/518v-542-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  iximte'el Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

-iy
 

Meaning(s):  suf.  deictic clitic-already, long ago  /  clitico deictico-ya, hace mucho tiempo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -[C] i-ya


Narrow Transcription(s):  #-iiy Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

jolJOL Hieroglyph  JOL-lo Hieroglyph  
 (1)                (3)                

Meaning(s):  n.  head  /  cabeza    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  JOL
  (2)  JOL-la
  (3)  JOL-lo

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1040
  (2)  1040-178
  (3)  1040-580

Narrow Transcription(s):  jool, jol Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
jo'l, #jol Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*jo'lBrown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*jo?lKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*jolKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

jolom
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  skull?  /  calavera?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  JOL-mi
  (2)  jo-lo-mi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1040-173
  (2)  607-580-173

Narrow Transcription(s):  joloom Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#joloom Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

jub'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  conch, conch trumpet  /  caracol, trompeta del caracol    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ju-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  45-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  juub' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
juub' Lacadena and Wichmann 1998  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

juch
 

Meaning(s):  n.  conch shell  /  concha    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ju-chi
  (2)  ju-chu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  45-671
  (2)  45-(515-87)

Narrow Transcription(s):  juu[h]ch, #ju[h]ch Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
juuch, juuch Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

jukub'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  canoe  /  canoa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ju-ku-b'i
  (2)  JUKUB'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  45-528-585
  (2)  nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  jukuub' Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  
#jukuub' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*jukuub'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*jukub'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

kakawka-ka-wa Hieroglyph  ka-wa Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      (2)                          

Meaning(s):  n.  cacao  /  cacao    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ka-ka-wa
  (2)  ka-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  738-25-130
  (2)  738-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  kakaw Stuart 2005  
kakaw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*käkäwKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

kan
 

Meaning(s):  num.  four  /  cuatro    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ka-na


Narrow Transcription(s):  kan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

kej
 

Meaning(s):  n.  deer  /  ciervo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ke-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  220c-d-136

Narrow Transcription(s):  keej Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  
#keej Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

kololte'
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  arbor  /  cenador    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ko-lo-lo-TE'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  110-580-580-87

Narrow Transcription(s):  kokolte' Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ko'hawKO'HAW-wa Hieroglyph  ko-ha-wa Hieroglyph  
 (1)                     (2)               

Meaning(s):  n.  helmet, headdress  /  casco, tocado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  KO'HAW-wa
  (2)  ko-ha-wa
  (3)  ko-o-ha-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  678-130
  (2)  110-(60-1042)-130
  (3)  110-694-(60-1042)-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  ko'haw Stuart 2005  
ko'haw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

kuch
 

Meaning(s):  n.  burden, load  /  carga, peso    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ku-chu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  528-(517-87)

Narrow Transcription(s):  kuch Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
kuch Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

-kuch-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  carry  /  cargar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -ku-chu-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  528-(517-87)

Narrow Transcription(s):  -kuch- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-kuch- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*kuchKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*kuchKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

k'ay
 

Meaning(s):  n.  song  /  canción    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  k'a-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  669-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  #k'ay Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
k'ay Houston, Stuart and Robertson 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*k'ayKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

-k'ay-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  sing  /  cantar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -k'a-ya-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  669-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  -k'ay- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#-k'ay- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

k'ayom
 

Meaning(s):  n.  singer  /  cantor    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  k'a-yo-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  669-673-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  #k'ayo'm Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
k'ayoom Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

k'inK'IN-ni Hieroglyph  
 (1)                 

Meaning(s):  n.  hot  /  calor    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  K'IN-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  544-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  k'i[h]n Wichmann 2000  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

-lat
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  count of elapsed time periods  /  cuenta de periodo de tiempo elapsado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  la-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  178-113

Narrow Transcription(s):  -lat Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-lat Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

mab'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  box, cache  /  caja, escondite    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  maab' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
maab' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

makma-ka Hieroglyph  
 (1)                        

Meaning(s):  n.  cover, capstone  /  cubierta, tapa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ma-ka
  (2)  ma-ko

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-25
  (2)  74-110

Narrow Transcription(s):  mak, maak? Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
mak, maak Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

-mak'-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  eat (soft food) (codices)  /  comer (comida blanda) (codices)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -ma-k'a-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  74-669

Narrow Transcription(s):  -mak'- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-mak'- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*mäk'Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

mat
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cormorant, crow  /  cormorán, cuervo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  MAT
  (2)  ma-MAT
  (3)  ma-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  793a
  (2)  74-793a
  (3)  74-565

Narrow Transcription(s):  mat Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
mat Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

nab'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  handspan  /  cuarta, medida    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  NAB'
  (2)  NAB'-b'a
  (3)  NAB'-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  nn-501
  (3)  nn-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  na[h]b' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

nahNAH Hieroglyph  
 (1)          

Meaning(s):  n.  house, building  /  casa, edificio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  NAH
  (2)  na-hi
  (3)  na-ha

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  4
  (2)  1000a/23-(60-528)
  (3)  23-(60-1042)

Narrow Transcription(s):  naah, nah Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
naah, nah Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ngAhBrown and Wichmann 2004  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

-nak
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  classifier of living beings, captives  /  classificador de seres vivos, cautivos    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -na-ka

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  23-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  -nak Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-nak Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

-nak-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  conquer  /  conquistar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -na-ka-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  -1000a-25-

Narrow Transcription(s):  -nak- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-nak- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ne[h]ne Hieroglyph  
 (1)        

Meaning(s):  n.  tail  /  cola    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ne

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  577v/120

Narrow Transcription(s):  ne[h] Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ngeehBrown and Wichmann 2004  
Proto-Mayan*ngeehKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*nehKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

nuchjol
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  put heads together, speak together  /  conversar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  nu-chu-jo-lo

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  592-(515-87)-607-580

Narrow Transcription(s):  nuchjol Lacadena 2000  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

nuk[ul]nu-ku Hieroglyph  
 (1)               

Meaning(s):  n.  skin, pelt  /  cuero    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  nu-ku

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  151-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  nu[h]kul Lacadena and Wichmann 2004 (pace Marc Zender)  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

nupul
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  counter, familiar  /  contrario, familiar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  nu-pu-lu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  592-266-568

Narrow Transcription(s):  nupul Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
nupul Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

olOL Hieroglyph  
 (1)                     

Meaning(s):  n.  middle, center, heart  /  centro, corazón    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  OL
  (2)  OL-la
  (3)  o-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  506
  (2)  506-178
  (3)  279-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  o'[h]l Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
ohl Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*ojlBrown and Wichmann 2004  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

olas
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  heart, middle  /  corazón, medio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  o-OL-si
  (2)  o-la-si

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  280-506-57
  (2)  279-178-57

Narrow Transcription(s):  o'hlis Zender 2004b  
#o'[h]laas Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

otoch
 

Meaning(s):  n.  house, home, building  /  casa, edificio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)o-to-chu
  (2)  (y)o-to-che

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  115-(44-563b)-(515-87)
  (2)  115-(44-563b)-148

Narrow Transcription(s):  otooch Stuart 2005  
otooch Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ototOTOT Hieroglyph  
 (1)              

Meaning(s):  n.  house, home, building  /  casa, edificio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  OTOT
  (2)  OTOT-ti
  (3)  (y)o-to-ti
  (4)  o-to-ti

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (614-843/518cv)
  (2)  (614-843/518cv)-59
  (3)  115-(44-563b)-59
  (4)  279-(44-563b)-59

Narrow Transcription(s):  otoot Stuart 2005  
otoot Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*atyootyKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*ototKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

pa'pa Hieroglyph  
 (1)                   

Meaning(s):  n.  food  /  comida    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  pa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  586


Last Updated:29-May-2006

-pik
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  counts of 8,000  /  cuenta de 8,000    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  pi-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  200-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  -pik Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-pik Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*pikKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

-pis
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  count of time periods  /  cuenta de periodos de tiempo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -pi-si

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  200-57

Narrow Transcription(s):  -pis Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-pis Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

pokol che'b'
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  ceramic washbowl for quill pens  /  cerámica para lavar cepillos    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  po-ko-lo-che-e-b'u
  (2)  po-ko-lo-che-b'u

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  687-110-580-148-542-21
  (2)  687-110-580-148-21

Narrow Transcription(s):  pokol che'ehb' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

puw
 

Meaning(s):  n.  blowgun  /  cerbatana    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  pu-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  266-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  pu'w (or puw) Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

puy
 

Meaning(s):  n.  snail  /  caracol    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  pu-yi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  266-17

Narrow Transcription(s):  puuy Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
puuy Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*puyKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Mayan*puurKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

pu[j]
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cattail reed  /  caña    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  pu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  266

Narrow Transcription(s):  puj Stuart 2000  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*pujKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

sab'in
 

Meaning(s):  n.  weasel  /  comadreja    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  SAB'IN
  (2)  SAB'IN-na
  (3)  sa-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  790
  (2)  790-23
  (3)  nn-585

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*sahb'inKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Mayan*saqb'iinKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

-tal
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  counts of ordinals, days  /  cuenta de ordinales, días    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  TAL
  (2)  ta-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  674
  (2)  51-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  -tal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-tal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

-teTE' Hieroglyph  
 (1)          

Meaning(s):  ncl.  count of time periods  /  cuenta de periodos de tiempo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  TE'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  87

Narrow Transcription(s):  -te Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-te Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

tel
 

Meaning(s):  n.  crest  /  cresta    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  te-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (78-518c)-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  tel Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
tel Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

-tikil
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  counts of beings  /  cuenta de seres vivos    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -ti-ki-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  59-102-82/83

Narrow Transcription(s):  -tikil Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-tikil Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

-tuk
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  count of piles (20)  /  cuenta de una pila (20)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -tu-ku

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  89-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  -tuk Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-tuk Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

tzik
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  count  /  cuenta    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  tzi-ka

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  507-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  tziik Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
tziik Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*tzikKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

t'ul
 

Meaning(s):  n.  rabbit  /  conejo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  T'UL
  (2)  t'u-lu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  756
  (2)  nn-568

Narrow Transcription(s):  t'ul Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
t'ul Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*t'uhlKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

tzu'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  gourd, calabash  /  calabaza    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  TZU'
  (2)  tzu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  370
  (2)  370

Narrow Transcription(s):  tzu' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*tzuhKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

-tz'akTZ'AK Hieroglyph  
 (1)                  

Meaning(s):  ncl.  count of things put in order  /  cuenta de cosas puestos en sequencia    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  TZ'AK
  (2)  TZ'AK-ka

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  573a
  (2)  573a-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  -tz'a[h]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

tz'akaj(u)-TZ'AK-AJ Hieroglyph  
 (2)               

Meaning(s):  nd.  count, completing  /  cuenta, completamiento    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (u)-TZ'AK-ka-ja
  (2)  (u)-TZ'AK-AJ
  (3)  (u)-TZ'AK-ka-AJ
  (4)  (u)-TZ'AK-a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1-573a-25-181
  (2)  1-573a-12
  (3)  1-573a-25-12
  (4)  1-573a-228

Narrow Transcription(s):  tz'akaj Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
tz'akaj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

tz'unun
 

Meaning(s):  n.  hummingbird  /  colibrí    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  tz'u-nu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-592

Narrow Transcription(s):  tz'unun Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
tzunun Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*tzununKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Mayan*tzuunu?nKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

tz'utz'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  coatimundi  /  coatimundi    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  tz'u-tz'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-248

Narrow Transcription(s):  tz'uutz' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
tz'uutz' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

uh
 

Meaning(s):  n.  necklace, collar, bead  /  collar, joya    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  UH
  (2)  (y)u-UH
  (3)  (y)u-UH-(li)

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  61-nn
  (3)  61-nn-83

Narrow Transcription(s):  uuh Stuart 2005  
uh Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*u?hKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Mayan*uuhBrown and Wichmann 2004  
Proto-Cholan*uy or uhyKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

uk'ib'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  drinking vessel  /  copa para beber    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  u-k'i-b'i
  (2)  (y)u-k'i-b'i
  (3)  (y)u-UK'-b'i
  (4)  (y)u-UK'
  (5)  (y)u-UK'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1-77-585
  (2)  61-77-585
  (3)  61-1070/nn-585
  (4)  61-1070/nn
  (5)  61-1070/nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  uk'ib' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
uk'ib' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

ut
 

Meaning(s):  n.  face  /  cara    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  UT
  (2)  UT-tu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  618/650
  (2)  618-89

Narrow Transcription(s):  'ut Zender 2004b  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

utus
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  face  /  cara    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  UT-si

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  650-57

Narrow Transcription(s):  'utis Zender 2004b  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

wayWAY Hieroglyph  
 (1)                  

Meaning(s):  n.  room, quarter  /  cuarto    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  WAY

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  539/157/728/769


Last Updated:29-May-2006

wayas
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  spirit companion  /  compañero de espíritu    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  WAY-ya-si

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  539-125-57

Narrow Transcription(s):  #wayaas Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
wayis Zender 2004b  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

wayib'
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  sleeping-room, sanctuary  /  cuarto de dormir, santuario    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  WAY-b'i
  (2)  wa-WAY-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  539/645-585
  (2)  130-539-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  wayib' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
wayib' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

-we'-
 

Meaning(s):  vtd.  eat  /  comer    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -WE'-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  -we'- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-we'- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*wa?Kaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*we?Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

we'l
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  food, meat  /  comida, carne    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  WE'-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  we'el Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*we?-elKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

xok
 

Meaning(s):  n.  count  /  cuenta    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  xo-ko

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  526-110

Narrow Transcription(s):  xok Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
xok Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

xol
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  cylindrical  /  cilíndrico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  xo[l]

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  536

Narrow Transcription(s):  xol   


Last Updated:29-May-2006

xukalnah
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cornered-house  /  casa rinconada    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  xu-ka-la-NAH
  (2)  xu-ka-NAH

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  756c-25-178-4
  (2)  756c-25-4

Narrow Transcription(s):  xu[h]kalnah Biro 2005  


Last Updated:29-May-2006

xukub'
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  horn  /  cuerno    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  XUKUB'
  (2)  XUKUB'-b'a
  (3)  xu-ku-b'u

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  291
  (2)  291-501
  (3)  756-528-(21+743)

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Mayan*xukub'Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

yax te'
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  ceiba tree  /  ceiba    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX-TE'
  (2)  YAX-TE'-e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16-87
  (2)  16-87-542

Narrow Transcription(s):  yax te' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
yax te' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Aug-2005

yaxhal
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  green/blue water like  /  como el agua azul/verde    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  YAX-HA'
  (2)  YAX-HA'-la
  (3)  YAX-ha-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  16-556
  (2)  16-556-178
  (3)  16-(60-1042)-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  #yaxha'l Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  
#yaxha'[a]l Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Aug-2005

yaxun
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cotinga  /  cotinga    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ya-YAXUN-na
  (2)  ya-YAXUN
  (3)  YAXUN
  (4)  ya-xu-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-nn-23
  (2)  125-nn
  (3)  nn
  (4)  125-756c-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  yaxuun Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
yaxu'n Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:30-Aug-2005

yokib'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  canyon, entrance  /  cañón, entrada    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yo-ki-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  115-102-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  yokib' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
yokib' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yulul
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  something polished  /  cosa pulida    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yu-lu-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61-568-83

Narrow Transcription(s):  yuluul Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:31-Aug-2005

yum
 

Meaning(s):  n.  family head, father, boss, patron  /  cabeza de familia, jefe, padre    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  yu-mu
  (2)  yu-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  61-19
  (2)  61-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  yum Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction:  Proto-Cholan*yumKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:31-Aug-2005