Yaxchilán, Lintel 24 - K2887 ©Justin Kerr - Click to view high resolution MAYA HIEROGLYPH DICTIONARY
Peter Mathews and Péter Bíró
Drawings by John Montgomery

?-Ol
 

Meaning(s):  n.  18th Classic Maya Month  /  18o mes del periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ?-OL

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-506


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

aa Hieroglyph  
 (1)             

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228/238/743


Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

a-a Hieroglyph  
 (1)         

Meaning(s):  pre.  you, your, yours  /  tu, tuyo, tuya, tuyos, tuyas    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228

Narrow Transcription(s):  # a- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Ch'olan*a-Kaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Mayan*aa-Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:19-Oct-2005

ab'at
 

Meaning(s):  n.  servant  /  sirviente    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (H) AB' -ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  548-103

Narrow Transcription(s):  ab'ta Schele and Mathews 1998:179  


Last Updated:29-Mar-2005

ah-
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  conquer  /  conquistar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ha-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-(60-1042)-

Narrow Transcription(s):  # ah- Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
# ah- Houston, Stuart, and Robertson 1998  


See Also:ahalconquest

Last Updated:19-Oct-2005

ahal
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  conquest  /  conquista    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ha-li
  (2)  AHAL

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-(60-1042)-82
  (2)  nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  # ahaal Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
# ahaal Houston, Stuart and Robertson  1998


See Also:ah-conquer

Last Updated:17-Mar-2008

ahinAHIN Hieroglyph  
 (1)                              

Meaning(s):  n.  crocodile, caiman  /  cocodrilo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AHIN
  (2)  AHIN-na
  (3)  a-AHIN-na
  (4)  AHIN-ni
  (5)  a-hi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  844
  (2)  844-23
  (3)  228-844-23
  (4)  844-116
  (5)  228-(60-528)

Narrow Transcription(s):  ahiin, ahin Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
ahiin, ahin Houston, Stuart, and Robertson  1998

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Ch'olan*ahinKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*ahiinKaufman and Norman  1984

Reliablity of Reading:Secure

Comments:Hieroglyphic Spelling (5) is a case of under-spelling with the final -n left out.'

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

ajAJ Hieroglyph  a Hieroglyph  
 (1)          (2)         

Meaning(s):  ad.  derives nouns denoting an agent , he/she who is ...  /  se deriva sustantivos que denotan agente, el/ella quien ...    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ
  (2)  a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12/(122-504)
  (2)  228/743

Narrow Transcription(s):  aj Stuart  2005
aj Lacadena and Wichmann  2004

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Ch'olan*aj-Kaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Mayan*aj-Kaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:aj chihdrunkard
aj k'in>priest, diviner
ajmuch>toad
aj pitzil ol>he of the youthful heart
aj tz'ib'al>painter, artist
ajch'ama[k]>fox
aj yul>polisher?
aj k'uhun>worshipper
aj tz'ib'>scribe

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

-aj-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  wake up, awake  /  despertar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -a-ja-
  (2)  -a-je-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-181
  (2)  228-{617+69}


See Also:ajalawakening
ajes>make awake

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

aj chih
 

Meaning(s):  n.  drunkard  /  borracho(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-chi-hi
  (2)  AJ-chi
  (3)  AJ-chi-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-671-60
  (2)  12-671
  (3)  12-671-136

Narrow Transcription(s):  aj chih Grube  2004

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Ch'olan*chihKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*kiihKaufman and Norman  1984

See Also:chihpulque

Last Updated:19-Oct-2005

Aj K'ak' O' Chak
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Aj K'ak' O Chak (God, especially in Yaxchilan)  /  Aj K'ak' O Chak (Dios, especialmente en Yaxchilan)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-K'AK'-o-CHAK-ki
  (2)  AJ-K'AK'-o-cha-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-1035-279-nn-102
  (2)  12-1035-279-668-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  Aj K'ak' O Chaak Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Aj K'a[h]k' O Chaa[h]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ajderives nouns denoting an agent , he/she who is ...

Last Updated:18-Sep-2007

aj k'in
 

Meaning(s):  n.  priest, diviner  /  sacerdote, adivinador(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-K'IN
  (2)  AJ-K'IN-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-544
  (2)  12-544-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  #aj k'in Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
aj k'in Stuart 2005  


See Also:ajderives nouns denoting an agent , he/she who is ...
k'in>hot
k'in>sun
k'in>day

Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

aj k'uhunAJ-K'UH-na Hieroglyph  
 (1)                        

Meaning(s):  n.  worshipper  /  adorador    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-K'UH-na
  (2)  AJ-K'UH-HUN-na
  (3)  AJ-K'UH-HUN
  (4)  a-K'UH-na
  (5)  a-K'UH-na
  (6)  AJ-K'UH-hu-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-1016-23
  (2)  12-1016-522-23
  (3)  12-1016-522
  (4)  228-1016-23
  (5)  743-1016-23
  (6)  12-1016-740b-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  aj k'uhuun Zender  2004
# aj k'uhu'n Lacadena and Wichmann  2004


See Also:ajderives nouns denoting an agent , he/she who is ...
k'uh>god, deity

Last Updated:22-Sep-2006

aj pitzil ol
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  he of the youthful heart  /  el con el corazón hermosa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-pi-tzi-la-OL

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-177-507-178-506

Narrow Transcription(s):  #aj pitzil o'[h]l Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ajderives nouns denoting an agent , he/she who is ...
ol>middle, center, heart
pitz>ballgame
pitz>beautiful
pitzil>ball player

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

aj tz'ib'AJ-tz'i-b'i Hieroglyph  
 (1)                        

Meaning(s):  n.  scribe  /  escribano    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-tz'i-b'i
  (2)  a-tz'i-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-563a-585
  (2)  228-563a-501

Narrow Transcription(s):  aj tz'i[h]b' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*tz'ihb'Brown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*tz'ihb'Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Ch'olan*aj tz'ihb'Kaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:ajderives nouns denoting an agent , he/she who is ...
tz'ib'>writing, painting
tz'ib'al>painting, colour

Last Updated:18-Sep-2007

aj tz'ib'al
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  painter, artist  /  dibujante, artista    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-tz'i-b'a-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-248-501-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  aj tz'i[h]b'aal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:aj-tz'ib'-Vl=AGN-write-NOM

See Also:
tz'ib'al>painting, colour
aj>derives nouns denoting an agent , he/she who is ...
tz'ib'>writing, painting

Last Updated:18-Sep-2007

aj yul
 

Meaning(s):  n.  polisher?  /  ¿pulidor(a)?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-yu-lu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-61-568

Narrow Transcription(s):  # aj yul Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ajderives nouns denoting an agent , he/she who is ...
-yul->polish, brush

Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

ajal
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  awakening  /  despertamiento    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ja-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-181-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ajal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:
ajes>make awake

Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

ajawAJAW Hieroglyph  AJAW-wa Hieroglyph  a-ja-wa Hieroglyph  
 (1)                     (2)                        (5)                     

Meaning(s):  n.  lord, king, ruler  /  señor, rey, gobernante    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJAW
  (2)  AJAW-wa
  (3)  a-AJAW-wa
  (4)  a-AJAW
  (5)  a-ja-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  168/(168-518a)/533/747a/1000d
  (2)  168/(168-518a)/533/747a/1000d-130
  (3)  228-168/(168-518a)/747a/1000d-130
  (4)  228-1000d
  (5)  228-181-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  ajaw Stuart 2005  
# ajaaw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Ch'olan*ajawKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*aajaawKaufman and Norman  1984

See Also:ajawilreign,kingship, lordship
ajawlel>reign, kingship, lordship

Last Updated:26-Oct-2005

ajawil
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  reign,kingship, lordship  /  reino, señorio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJAW-li
  (2)  a-ja-wa-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  168-24
  (2)  228-181-130-24

Narrow Transcription(s):  ajawil Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
# ajaawil Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ajawlord, king, ruler
ajawlel>reign, kingship, lordship

Last Updated:26-Oct-2005

ajawlelAJAW-le-le Hieroglyph  
 (1)                

Meaning(s):  nd.  reign, kingship, lordship  /  reino, señorio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJAW-le-le
  (2)  AJAW-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  168/747a-88-88
  (2)  168/(168-518a)/747a/1000d-88

Narrow Transcription(s):  ajawlel Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
# ajaawlel Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ajawlord, king, ruler
ajawil>reign,kingship, lordship

Last Updated:26-Oct-2005

ajch'ama[k]
 

Meaning(s):  n.  fox  /  zorro(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AJ-ch'a-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  12-93-142

Narrow Transcription(s):  ajchama[k] Mathews and Zender 1999:105  


Comments:The only attested syllabic spelling of this word (Palenque 'War Panel' K1) is not spelled with the final -k. There is a possible example of this word at Tikal (Marcador H3) with a ch'a- prefix (but no AJ!) followed by an animal head which is possibly the Early Classic logogram CH'AMAK.

Last Updated:26-Oct-2005

ajes
 

Meaning(s):  vid.  make awake  /  se hace despertar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-je-se

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-(617-69)-520

Narrow Transcription(s):  ajes Zender 2005  


See Also:-aj-wake up, awake
ajal>awakening

Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

ajmuch
 

Meaning(s):  n.  toad  /  sapo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-mu-chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-19-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  a[j]muuch Lacadena and Wichmann  2004

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*moohchBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Ch'olan*aj muchKaufman and Norman  1984

See Also:ajderives nouns denoting an agent , he/she who is ...

Last Updated:26-Oct-2005

akAK Hieroglyph  
 (1)                  

Meaning(s):  n.  turtle  /  tortuga    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AK
  (2)  AK-ka
  (3)  a-ka

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  743
  (2)  743-25
  (3)  228-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  a[h]k Lacadena and Wichmann  2004

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*ahqBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Ch'olan*ahkKaufman and Norman  1984

See Also:aku'lturtle-place, turtle-like

Last Updated:26-Oct-2005

Akan
 

Meaning(s):  n.  god of visions, enemas, and alcohol (God A')  /  dios de visiones, enemas y alcohol (Dios A')    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AKAN
  (2)  AKAN-na
  (3)  AJ-AKAN-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1042
  (2)  1042-23
  (3)  12-1042-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  A[h]kan Lacadena and Wichmann  2004


See Also:Akangod of visions, enemas, and alcohol (God A')
akanroaring, groan
Akan>god of visions, enemas, and alcohol (God A')
akan>roaring, groan

Last Updated:17-Mar-2008

akan
 

Meaning(s):  n.  roaring, groan  /  bramido, gemido    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AKAN
  (2)  AKAN-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1042
  (2)  1042-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  a[h]kan Lacadena and Wichmann  2004

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Ch'olan*ahkänKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*ahqanKaufman and Norman  1984

See Also:Akangod of visions, enemas, and alcohol (God A')
akanroaring, groan
Akan>god of visions, enemas, and alcohol (God A')
akan>roaring, groan

Last Updated:17-Mar-2008

-akta-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  loose, drop  /  perder, dejar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)a-ka-ta-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-25-103-

Narrow Transcription(s):  -akta- Stuart 2005  
#-akta- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

aku'l
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  turtle-place, turtle-like  /  lugar de tortuga, tortuguero    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AK-la
  (2)  a-ku
  (3)  a-ku-la
  (4)  AJ-lu
  (5)  a-ku-lu
  (6)  a-ku-u-lu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  743-178
  (2)  228-528
  (3)  228-528-178
  (4)  12-568
  (5)  228-528-568
  (6)  228-528-1-568

Narrow Transcription(s):  a[h]ku'ul, a[h]kul Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
a[h]kuul, a[h]kul Houston, Stuart and Robertson  1998


See Also:akturtle

Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

-ak'-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  give  /  dar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -a-k'a-
  (2)  -a-AK'-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-669-
  (2)  125-516a-

Narrow Transcription(s):  -ak'- Stuart 2005  
-a[h]k'- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Ch'olan*ähk'Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*aq'Kaufman and Norman  1984

See Also:ak'nomgiver
yak'aw>he/she gives/gave it

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

ak'ab'AK'AB' Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  n.  night, darkness  /  noche, oscuridad    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AK'AB'
  (2)  a-k'a-b'a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  504
  (2)  228-669-501

Narrow Transcription(s):  ak'ab' Stuart 2005  
ak'ab' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Ch'olan*ahk'äb'Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*ahq'ab'-*aaq'ab'Kaufman and Norman  1984

See Also:

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

ak'ach
 

Meaning(s):  n.  turkey hen  /  pava    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AK'ACH
  (2)  a-k'a-cha


Narrow Transcription(s):  #ak'ach Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Ch'olan*ak'achKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*ak'Kaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:10-Jul-2006

Ak'e
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Ak'e (Main Sign of Emblem Glyph around Bonampak)  /  Ak'e (Signo principal del glifo emblema alrededor de Bonampak)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-k'e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228/229/743-[197+515]

Narrow Transcription(s):  ak'e Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
ak'e Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

ak'nom
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  giver  /  donador    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-AK'-no-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-516-134-74

Narrow Transcription(s):  # ak'no'm Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:ak'-n-om-ø=give-IVZR-RST-3SA

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ak'taj
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  dance  /  bailar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AK'-ta-ja
  (2)  a-AK'-ta-ja
  (3)  AK'-TAJ

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  516-103-181
  (2)  228-516-103-181
  (3)  516-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  #a[h]k'taj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ak'Vt?dance

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

ak'Vt?
 

Meaning(s):  n.  dance  /  baile    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AK'-ta
  (2)  AK'-ta
  (3)  a-AK'-ta
  (4)  a-k'a-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  516-113
  (2)  743-113
  (3)  228-516-113
  (4)  228-669-113

Narrow Transcription(s):  #a[h]k'ut Lacadena 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Ch'olan*ahk-otKaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:ak'tajdance

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

-al
 

Meaning(s):  n.  child of mother  /  hijo de madre    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)a-AL
  (2)  (y)a-AL-la
  (3)  (y)a-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-670
  (2)  125-670-178
  (3)  125-534

Narrow Transcription(s):  -al Stuart 2005  
-a[h]l Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*aahlBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*aalKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*alKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

-al
 

Meaning(s):  suf.  nominalizer  /  nominalizador    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  [C]a-la



Last Updated:10-Jul-2006

alay
 

Meaning(s):  adv.  hereby, thus  /  asi    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-LAY-ya
  (2)  a-la-LAY-ya
  (3)  a-LAY
  (4)  a-la-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-nn-125
  (2)  228-178-nn-125
  (3)  228-nn
  (4)  228-534-125


Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

-am
 

Meaning(s):  suf.  participial suffix (alloform of -om)  /  sufijo participial (alloformo de -om)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  [C]a-ma



Last Updated:10-Jul-2006

amal
 

Meaning(s):  n.  toad  /  sapo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ma-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-502-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  amal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#amal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

an-
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  run  /  correr    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  743-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  a[h]n Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*ahnBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*ahnKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*ahnKaufman and Norman 1984  

Morphological Analysis:an-i-ø=run-THM-3SA

See Also:a'nab'title (without translation)

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

an
 

Meaning(s):  n.  spring maize, young ear of maize  /  elote    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AN
  (2)  a-AN
  (3)  a-AN-nu
  (4)  a-nu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  228-nn
  (3)  228-nn-265/592
  (4)  228-254/592

Narrow Transcription(s):  a'n Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
aan Houston, Stuart and Robertson  1998

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*ajänKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Maya*ajnKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:15-Jun-2005

atAT-ti Hieroglyph  
 (1)                

Meaning(s):  n.  penis  /  pene    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  AT-ti
  (2)  AT-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  761-59
  (2)  761-93

Narrow Transcription(s):  aat (early) at (late) Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
aat (early) at (late) Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*aatyBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*aatyKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*atKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:29-Mar-2005

atan(y)a-AT-na Hieroglyph  
 (1)                         

Meaning(s):  n.  wife  /  esposa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)a-AT-na
  (2)  AJ-AT-na
  (3)  (y)a-ta-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-552-23
  (2)  12-552-23
  (3)  125-103-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  atan Stuart 2005  
#atan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

-ati-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  bathe  /  bañar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)a-ATI-
  (2)  (y)a-ti-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-nn
  (2)  125-59-

Narrow Transcription(s):  -ati- Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*at-i-VnKaufmann and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*ätKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

atot
 

Meaning(s):  n.  house  /  casa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)a-ATOT-ti
  (2)  (y)a-to-TE'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-(614-843)-59
  (2)  125-(44-563b)-87

Narrow Transcription(s):  atoot Stuart 2005  
atoot Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*atyootyKaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:otothouse, home, building

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

-a'l-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  say  /  decir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)a-a-la-
  (2)  (y)a-la(-ji-ya)

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-228-178
  (2)  125-534-134-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-a'l- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*äl häl?Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*halKaufman and Norman  1984

See Also:

Last Updated:28-Oct-2005

a'nab'a-na-b'i Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  n.  title (without translation)  /  título (sin traducción)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  a-na-b'i
  (2)  (y)a-a-na-b'i-(li)

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  228-23-585
  (2)  125-228-23-585-24

Narrow Transcription(s):  # anaab' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
anib' Stuart and Houston 2001  
# anaab' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Comments:(comment here on the glottal stop in the 'full' spelling)

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

bay
 

Meaning(s):  part.  where  /  donde    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'a-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  501-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'ay Beliaev and Davletshin 2003  


Last Updated:06-Sep-2007

b'ab'a Hieroglyph  
 (1)               

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  501/757


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

-b'a

Meaning(s):  suf.  causative suffix of positional verbs with rounded vowels  /  sufijo causativo de verbos posicionales con vocales redondas    


Thompson Number(s):  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

-b'ah
 

Meaning(s):  suf.  self (reflexive suffix)  /  sufijo reflexivo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'a-hi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  501-60

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-b'aah Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

b'ahB'AH Hieroglyph  
 (1)                     

Meaning(s):  n.  face, self, image, first  /  cara, su mismo/misma, imagen, primero/primera    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH
  (2)  B'AH-hi
  (3)  b'a-hi
  (4)  B'AH-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  757
  (2)  757-60/(60-528)
  (3)  501-60/(60-528)
  (4)  757-136

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'aah Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
b'aah Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*b'AhBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*b'aahKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*b'ahKaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:b'ah ajawhead lord, first lord
b'ah ch'o>gopher rat
b'ah lom sajal>first spear sajal
b'ah pakal>first shield (wielder?)
b'ah sajal>first sajal
b'ah te'>b'ah te' (the first [with the staff? or spear?-elite title)
b'ah tok'>first dart (lord)
b'ah uxul>first carver
b'ahkab'>b'akab' (the first on earth, title of kingsand queens)
b'ahtz'am>clown

Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

b'ahB'AH Hieroglyph  
 (1)                     

Meaning(s):  n.  gopher  /  ardillón    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH
  (2)  B'AH-hi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  757
  (2)  757-60

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'aah Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#b'aah Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*b'a'hBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*b'aahKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*b'ahKaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:b'ah ajawhead lord, first lord
b'ah ch'o>gopher rat
b'ah lom sajal>first spear sajal
b'ah pakal>first shield (wielder?)
b'ah sajal>first sajal
b'ah te'>b'ah te' (the first [with the staff? or spear?-elite title)
b'ah tok'>first dart (lord)
b'ah uxul>first carver
b'ahkab'>b'akab' (the first on earth, title of kingsand queens)
b'ahtz'am>clown

Last Updated:18-Sep-2007

b'ah ajaw
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  head lord, first lord  /  primer señor, señor principal    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH-AJAW

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  758-168/(168-518)/533/747/1000d

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'aah ajaw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:b'ah-ajaw=head-lord

See Also:ajawlord, king, ruler
b'ah>face, self, image, first
b'ah>gopher

Last Updated:17-Mar-2008

b'ah che'b'
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  first painter/brusher  /  pintor principal    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH-che-b'u

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  758-145-21

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'aah che'e[h]b' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:b'ah-cheb'=head-brush

See Also:che'b'quill, (paint) brush

Last Updated:17-Mar-2008

b'ah ch'o
 

Meaning(s):  n.  gopher rat  /  ardillón de rata    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'a-ch'o



Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

b'ah lom sajal
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  first spear sajal  /  sajal de primer lanza    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH-lo-mu-sa-ja-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  758-580-19-630-181-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'aah lo'm sajal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:b'ah-lom-saj-Vl=head-spear-fear-ADJV

See Also:b'ahface, self, image, first
b'ahgopher
lom>lance
sajal>sajal (subordinate title)

Last Updated:17-Mar-2008

b'ah pakal
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  first shield (wielder?)  /  escudero principal    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH-pa-ka-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  757-586-25-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'aah pakal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:b'ah-pak-Vl=head-fold?-ADJV

See Also:b'ahface, self, image, first
b'ahgopher
pakal>shield

Last Updated:16-Oct-2006

b'ah sajal
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  first sajal  /  primer sajal    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH-sa-ja-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  757-630-181-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'aah sajal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:b'ah-saj-Vl=head-fear-ADJV

See Also:sajalsajal (subordinate title)
b'ah>face, self, image, first
b'ah>gopher

Last Updated:17-Mar-2008

b'ah te'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  b'ah te' (the first [with the staff? or spear?-elite title)  /  b'ah te' (el primero con la bastón? o lanza?-título elite)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH-TE'
  (2)  b'a-TE'
  (3)  b'a-TE'-e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  757-87
  (2)  501-87
  (3)  501-87-542

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'aah te' Stuart 2005  
#b'aah te' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:b'ahface, self, image, first
b'ahgopher
te'>tree, wood

Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

b'ah tok'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  first dart (lord)  /  (señor) primero de pedernal    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH-TOK'
  (2)  B'AH-to-k'a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  757-257
  (2)  757-(44-563b)-669

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'aah to[o]'k' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:b'ah-tok'=head-flint

See Also:b'ahface, self, image, first
b'ahgopher
tok'>flint

Last Updated:16-Oct-2006

b'ah uxul
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  first carver  /  escultor principal    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH-u-xu-lu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  757-1-758-568

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'aah uxul Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:b'ah-ux-Vl=head-carve-NOM

See Also:b'ahface, self, image, first
b'ahgopher
uxul>carving, sculpture

Last Updated:17-Mar-2008

b'ahij
 

Meaning(s):  n.  image  /  imagen    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH-ja
  (2)  B'AH-hi-ja
  (3)  b'a-hi-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  757-181
  (2)  757-60-181
  (3)  501-(60-528)-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'ahiij Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
b'ahaj Zender 2004b  


Morphological Analysis:b'ah-ij=image-ABS

See Also:b'ahface, self, image, first
b'ahgopher

Last Updated:16-Oct-2006

b'ahil
 

Meaning(s):  n.  portrait  /  imagen    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH-li
  (2)  b'a-hi-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  757-24
  (2)  501-(60-528)-24

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'aahil Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:b'ahface, self, image, first
b'ahgopher

Last Updated:05-Sep-2005

b'ahis
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  head  /  cabeza    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH-si

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  757-57

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'aahis Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
b'aahis Zender 2004b  


Morphological Analysis:b'ah-is=head-ABS

See Also:b'ahface, self, image, first
b'ahgopher

Last Updated:16-Oct-2006

b'ahkab'b'a-ka-b'a Hieroglyph  
 (2)                          

Meaning(s):  n.  b'akab' (the first on earth, title of kingsand queens)  /  b'akab' (el primero en la tierra, título de reyes y mujeres elites)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AH-ka-b'a
  (2)  b'a-ka-b'a
  (3)  b'a-KAB'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  757-25/738-501
  (2)  501-25/738-501
  (3)  501-526

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'aahkab' Stuart 2005  
#b'aahkab' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*b'Ah kab'Brown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*b'aah kab'Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*b'ah kab'Kaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:b'ahface, self, image, first
b'ahgopher
kab'>earth
kab'>bee
kab'>honey, beehive

Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

b'ahtz'am

Meaning(s):  nc.  clown  /  payazo    


Thompson Number(s):  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

-b'aj-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  hammer, beat  /  martillar, batir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AJ
  (2)  b'a-la-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  501-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'aj Zender 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*b'ajBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*b'ajKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*bäjKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

-b'ak--B'AK- Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  vtd.  capture  /  capturar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -B'AK-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  570

Narrow Transcription(s):  -b'aak- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#-b'aak- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:b'akwajhe/she/it is/was captured
ub'akaw>he/she capture(s/d) him/her/it

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

b'akB'AK Hieroglyph  b'a-ki Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      (3)              

Meaning(s):  n.  captive  /  cautivo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AK
  (2)  B'AK-ki
  (3)  b'a-ki
  (4)  B'AK-ka

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  570
  (2)  570-102
  (3)  501-102
  (4)  570-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'aak, b'ak Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
b'aak, b'ak Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

b'akB'AK Hieroglyph  b'a-ki Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      (3)              

Meaning(s):  n.  bone  /  hueso    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AK
  (2)  B'AK-ki
  (3)  b'a-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  570
  (2)  570-102
  (3)  501-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'aak Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
b'aak Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*b'aaqBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*b'aaqKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*b'akKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

b'ak
 

Meaning(s):  n.  child  /  niño    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'a-ku

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  501-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'a'k Lacadena and Wichmann  2004


Last Updated:05-Sep-2005

b'akel
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  bone (of the body)  /  hueso (del cuerpo)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AK-ke-la
  (2)  B'AK-le
  (3)  b'a-ke-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  570-220-178
  (2)  570-188
  (3)  501--220-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'aakeel, b'aakel Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
b'aake'l, b'aakel Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:

Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

b'akjol
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  skeleton  /  esqueleto    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AK-JOL

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  570-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'aak-jol Stuart 2005  


See Also:b'akcaptive
b'akbone
b'akchild
jol>head

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

b'akVl
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  abundance of herons,  /  abundancia de garzas    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AK-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  570-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'a[h]k[ii]l, b'a[h]k[u'u]l Lacadena and Wichmann  n.d.
b'aakal Houston, Stuart and Robertson  1998


See Also:b'akelbone (of the body)

Last Updated:18-Mar-2008

b'akwaj
 

Meaning(s):  pa.  he/she/it is/was captured  /  el/ella/lo es/fue capturado(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'AK-wa-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  570-130-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'aakwaj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:b'ak-w-aj-ø=capture-PAS-THM-3SA

See Also:b'akcaptive
b'akbone
b'akchild
-b'ak->capture

Last Updated:18-Mar-2008

-b'al

Meaning(s):  suf.  participal suffix  /  sufijo participal    


Thompson Number(s):  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

b'alamB'ALAM Hieroglyph  
 (1)                     

Meaning(s):  n.  jaguar  

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'ALAM
  (2)  B'ALAM-ma
  (3)  b'a-B'ALAM
  (4)  b'a-la-ma
  (5)  b'a-B'ALAM-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  751
  (2)  751-74
  (3)  501-751
  (4)  501-534-501
  (5)  501-751-74

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'a[h]lam Lacadena and Wichman 2004  
b'ahlam Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*b'ahlämKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*b'ahlamKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

b'alun
 

Meaning(s):  num.  nine  /  nueve    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'ALUN


Narrow Transcription(s):  b'alu'n Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*b'olonKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*b'eleng-eeb'Kaufman and Norman  1984

See Also:b'alun iplajhe/she banishes
b'alun ipnaj>he/she is/was many times diminished
b'alunlajun>nineteen

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

b'alun ip-
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  banish (a soul)?  /  desterrar (un espíritu)?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'ALUN?-i-pi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-679-177

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'alu'n?ip- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:b'alunnine
ip>strength
b'alun iplaj>he/she banishes
b'alun ipnaj>he/she is/was many times diminished

Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

b'alun iplaj
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  he/she banishes  /  el/ella destierra    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'ALUN-i-pi-la-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-679-177-178-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'alu'n iplaj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:b'alun ip-banish (a soul)?
b'alun ipnaj>he/she is/was many times diminished
b'alun>nine
ip>strength

Last Updated:05-Sep-2005

b'alun ipnaj
 

Meaning(s):  pa.  he/she is/was many times diminished  /  el/ella es/fue muchas veces disminuido/a    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'ALUN-i-pi-na-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  mm-679-200/177-23-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  # b'alu'n ipnaj Lacadena and Wichmann  2004


See Also:b'alunnine
ip>strength
b'alun ip->banish (a soul)?
b'alun iplaj>he/she banishes

Last Updated:18-Mar-2008

b'alunlajun
 

Meaning(s):  num.  nineteen  /  diecinueve    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'ALUN-[LAJUN]


Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'aluun lajuun Houton, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#b'alu'n laju'n Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*b'olon läjunKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*b'eleng-eeb' laajuungKaufman and Norman  1984

See Also:b'alunnine
lajun>ten
Lajun>Lajun (name of god)

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

b'an
 

Meaning(s):  pr.  oneself, alone  /  sólo mismo, solo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'a-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  501-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'aan Grube, Lacadena and Martin 2003  


Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

b'atz'b'a-tz'u Hieroglyph  
 (1)                          

Meaning(s):  n.  howler monkey  /  zarahuato, mono aullador    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'a-tz'u

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  501-608

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'aatz' Stuart 2005  
b'a'tz' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*b'a?tz'Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*b'aa'tz'Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*b'atz'Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

b'e
 

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

b'ib'i Hieroglyph  
 (1)                

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  301/585/(585-764)


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

b'ihb'i Hieroglyph  
 (1)                

Meaning(s):  n.  road  /  ruta    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'i
  (2)  b'i-hi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  585
  (2)  585-60

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'ih Stuart 2005  
#b'ih Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*b'EhBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*b'eehKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*b'ihKaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:b'ihtunroad, prepared surface

Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

b'ihtun
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  road, prepared surface  /  ruta, superficie preparada    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'i-TUN-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  585-528-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'ihtuun Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#b'ihtuun Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*b'Eh toohngBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*b'eeh toongKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*b'ihtunKaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:b'ihroad
tun>stone
tun>year of 360 days

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

B'ital
 

Meaning(s):  n.  B'ital (Naranjo area toponym)  /  B'ital (topónimo del área de Naranjo)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'i-TAL-la
  (2)  b'i-ta-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  585-274-178
  (2)  585-565-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'ital Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#b'ital Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

-b'ix
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  units of five and seven  /  unidades de cinco y siete    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'i-xi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  585-1048

Narrow Transcription(s):  -b'ix Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#-b'ix Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

b'ixVn
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  go away  /  irse    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  BIX-na
  (2)  BIX-ni
  (3)  BIX-ni-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-23
  (2)  nn-116
  (3)  nn-116-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'ix-Vn Stuart 2005  


See Also:

Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

b'ob'o Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'o

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  519


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

b'ob'b'o-b'o Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  n.  coyote  /  coyote    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'o-b'o

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  519-519

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'o[h]b' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
b'ob' (as flower) Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

b'oj
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  nail  /  clavar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'o-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  519-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'o[h]jaj #Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*b'ojKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Mayan*b'ajKaufman and Norman 1984  

Morphological Analysis:b'o-[h]-j-aj-Ø=nail-[PASS]-THEM-3SA

See Also:

Last Updated:18-Mar-2008

b'ub'u Hieroglyph  
 (1)              

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'u

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  21/(21+nn)


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

-b'u

Meaning(s):  suf.  causative suffix of positional verbs with unrounded vowels  /  sufijo causativo de verbos posicionales con vocales no-redondas    


Thompson Number(s):  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

b'ub'ul
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  frothy  /  espumoso    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'u-lu
  (2)  b'u-b'u-lu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  21-568
  (2)  21-21-568

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'ub'ul Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#b'ub'ul Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*b'u(h)b'Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Morphological Analysis:b'u(h)b'-u-l=froth-ADJ

See Also:
b'ub'ul ha'>water insect

Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

b'ub'ul ha'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  water insect  /  insecto de agua    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  bu-lu-HA'
  (2)  b'u-b'u-lu-HA'


Narrow Transcription(s):  b'ub'ul ha' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#b'ub'ul ha' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:b'u(h)b'-u-l ha'=froth-ADJ water

See Also:
b'ub'ul>frothy
ha'>water

Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

b'uch
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  be seated  /  estar sentado(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'u-B'UCH

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  21-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'uch Lacadena and Wichmann  


Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

b'ukb'u-ku Hieroglyph  
 (1)                 

Meaning(s):  n.  clothing, clothes  /  blusa, ropa, vestido    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'u-ku

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  21-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'uk Stuart 2005  
b'u[h]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*b'uhkKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*b'uq'Kaufman and Norman  1984

See Also:B'uktunB'uktun (Yaxchilan area toponym)
B'uktun>B'uktun (Yaxchilan area toponym)

Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

b'uk

Meaning(s):  top.  the name of Los Alacranes  /  el nombre de Los Alacranes    


Thompson Number(s):  


See Also:B'uktunB'uktun (Yaxchilan area toponym)
B'uktun>B'uktun (Yaxchilan area toponym)

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

B'uktun
 

Meaning(s):  n.  B'uktun (Yaxchilan area toponym)  /  B'uktun (topónimo del area de Yaxchilan)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'u-ku-TUN-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  21-528-528-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  B'uktuun Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#B'u[h]ktuun Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Ch'olan*b'uhk tunKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayab'uq' toongKaufman and Norman  1984

Morphological Analysis:bu[h]k-[u-l]-tun=clothe-ADJ-stone

Comments:It is possible that the correct transcription of this toponym is b'u[h]k[ul] tun as grammatically it is necesseray to derive an adjective from the noun b'u[h]k=clothe to modify the following nown tun=stone (PB).

See Also:b'ukclothing, clothes
b'ukthe name of Los Alacranes
tun>stone
tun>year of 360 days

Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

b'ulb'u-la Hieroglyph  
 (1)              

Meaning(s):  n.  bean  /  frijol    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'u-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  21-534

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'u'[u]l Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
buul Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*b'u?ulKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

b'ulay?
 

Meaning(s):  n.  small jaguar  /  jaguar pequeño    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'ULAY?
  (2)  B'ULAY?-la-yu
  (3)  b'u?-la-yi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  832v
  (2)  832v-534-61/62
  (3)  519?-534-17

Narrow Transcription(s):  #b'ula'y?, #bulaay? Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

b'uluch?
 

Meaning(s):  num.  eleven  /  once    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'ULUCH?


Narrow Transcription(s):  b'uluch? Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#b'uluch Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*b'uluchKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

b'ulukB'ULUK Hieroglyph  
 (1)          

Meaning(s):  num.  eleven  /  once    
[Yukatek]

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  B'ULUK
  (2)  [b'u]-lu-ku


Narrow Transcription(s):  b'uluk Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
b'uluk Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

-b'ut'-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  fill  /  llenar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -b'u-t'u-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  21-556

Narrow Transcription(s):  -b'ut'- Stuart 2005  
#-b'ut'- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*b'utKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*b'utKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

b'utz'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  smoke  /  humo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  b'u-tz'a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  21-68

Narrow Transcription(s):  b'uutz' Stuart 2005  
#b'u'tz Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*b'utz'Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

chacha Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  cha

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  135/668/(520-299)


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

chab'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  bee, beehive, honey  /  abeja, colmena, miel    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  cha-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (520-299)-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  chaab' Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  
chaab' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*kaab'Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*chab'Kaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:16-Jun-2005

chab'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  anteater  

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  cha-b'i



Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

chach
 

Meaning(s):  n.  basket  /  cesta    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  cha-chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  668-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  chaach Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chaach Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:16-Jun-2005

chahuk
 

Meaning(s):  n.  thunder  /  relampago    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  cha-hu-ku

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  135-740-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  chahuk Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chahuk Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*chahukKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*kahoqKaufman and Norman  1984

See Also:Chahuk NahChahuk Nah (proper name of building)

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

Chahuk Nah
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chahuk Nah (proper name of building)  /  Chahuk Nah (nombre de edificio)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  cha-hu-ku-NAH

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  135-740-528-4

Narrow Transcription(s):  chahuk naah Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chahuk naah Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:chahukthunder
nah>first
nah>house, building

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

Chak
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chak (Rain God)  /  Chak (Dios de la Lluvia)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK
  (2)  CHAK-ki
  (3)  cha-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1030
  (2)  1030-102
  (3)  668-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  chaak Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chaa[h]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:chak b'alampuma
Chak Chel>Chak Chel (name of a goddess)
Chak Ek'>Venus
Chak Ha'>Chak Ha' (Petexbatun area toponym)
chak->tie up

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chak
 

Meaning(s):  n.  rain  /  lluvia    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  cha-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  668-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  chaak Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  
chaa[h]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:chak b'alampuma
Chak Chel>Chak Chel (name of a goddess)
Chak Ek'>Venus
Chak Ha'>Chak Ha' (Petexbatun area toponym)
chak->tie up

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chakCHAK Hieroglyph  
 (1)       

Meaning(s):  adj.  red, great, big  /  rojo, grande    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109

Narrow Transcription(s):  chak Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1990  
chak Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*kaqBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*kaqKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*chäkKaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:chak b'alampuma
Chak Chel>Chak Chel (name of a goddess)
Chak Ek'>Venus
Chak Ha'>Chak Ha' (Petexbatun area toponym)
chak->tie up

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chak-CHAK Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  vp.  tie up  /  colgar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109

Narrow Transcription(s):  chak- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chak- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:chaklib'tied-up thing, panel

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chak b'alam
 

Meaning(s):  n.  puma  /  puma    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-B'ALAM-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-751-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  chak b'alam Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chak b'a[h]lam Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ChakChak (Rain God)
chakrain
chakred, great, big
b'alam>jaguar

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

Chak Chel
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chak Chel (name of a goddess)  /  Chak Chel (nombre de una diosa)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-che-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-148-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chak Chel Housotn, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chak Chel Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ChakChak (Rain God)
chakrain
chakred, great, big

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

Chak Ek'CHAK-EK' Hieroglyph  
 (1)              

Meaning(s):  n.  Venus  /  Venus    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-EK'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-510

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chak Ek' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chak Ek' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ChakChak (Rain God)
chakrain
chakred, great, big
ek'>star

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

Chak Ha'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chak Ha' (Petexbatun area toponym)  /  Chak Ha' (topónimo del área de Petexbatun)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-HA'
  (2)  CHAK-HA'-a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-556
  (2)  109-556-228

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chak Ha' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chak Ha' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ChakChak (Rain God)
chakrain
chakred, great, big
ha'>water

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chak ha'l

Meaning(s):  nc.  read rain?  /  lluvia roja?    


Thompson Number(s):  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

Chak Sihom?
 

Meaning(s):  n.  12th Classic Maya month  /  12o mes del Periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-SIHOM?-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  108-528-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chak Sihoom? Housotn, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chak Siho'm? Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ChakChak (Rain God)
chakrain
chakred, great, big
sihom>winter maize crop

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chakal
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  reddish, ruddy  /  rojizo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  chakal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chakal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:chak-al=red-ATT

See Also:ChakChak (Rain God)
chakrain
chakred, great, big
chakalte'>chicozapote
chakat>3rd Classic Maya Month
chakatan>3rd Classic Maya Month
chakte'>cedar

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chakalte'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  chicozapote  /  chicozapote    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-la-TE'
  (2)  CHAK-TE'-e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-178-87
  (2)  109-87-542

Narrow Transcription(s):  chakalte' Housotn, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chakalte' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ChakChak (Rain God)
chakrain
chakred, great, big
chakal>reddish, ruddy
te'>tree, wood

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chakatCHAK-AT Hieroglyph  
 (1)               

Meaning(s):  n.  3rd Classic Maya Month  /  3o mes del Periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-AT
  (2)  CHAK-AT-ta
  (3)  CHAK-a-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-552
  (2)  109-552-113
  (3)  109-228-113

Narrow Transcription(s):  chakat Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chakat Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ChakChak (Rain God)
chakrain
chakred, great, big

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

chakatan
 

Meaning(s):  n.  3rd Classic Maya Month  /  3o mes del periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-AT-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-552-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  chakatan Biro (after Lacadena and Wichmann 2000)  


See Also:ChakChak (Rain God)
chakrain
chakred, great, big
chakat>3rd Classic Maya Month

Last Updated:29-Jun-2005

chakch'ok
 

Meaning(s):  n.  infant, youth, youngster  /  infante, joven, jovencito    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-ch'o-ko

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-287-110

Narrow Transcription(s):  chak ch'ok Houston, Stuart and Robertson 2004  
chak ch'ok Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ChakChak (Rain God)
chakrain
chakred, great, big
ch'ok>unripe, young
ch'ok>title which designates heirs to the throne (not exclusively)
chakch'ok ixik>girl, youn girl

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chakch'ok ixik
 

Meaning(s):  n.  girl, youn girl  /  niña, doncella    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-ch'o-ko-'IXIK

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-287-110-1000

Narrow Transcription(s):  chak ch'ok ixik Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chak ch'ok ixik Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ChakChak (Rain God)
chakrain
chakred, great, big
ch'ok>unripe, young
ch'ok>title which designates heirs to the throne (not exclusively)
chakch'ok>infant, youth, youngster

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chakjal

Meaning(s):  nd.  become red  /  volver rojo    


Thompson Number(s):  


See Also:ChakChak (Rain God)
chakrain
chakred, great, big
-jal>inchoative suffix

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

chaklib'
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  tied-up thing, panel  /  cosa colgada, tablero    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-li-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-24-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  chaklib' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chaklib' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:chak-l-ib'=tie-PTC-INS

See Also:ChakChak (Rain God)
chakrain
chakred, great, big

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chakte'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  cedar  

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAK-TE'-e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  109-87-542


See Also:ChakChak (Rain God)
chakrain
chakred, great, big
te'>tree, wood

Last Updated:30-Mar-2005

chalam
 

Meaning(s):  n.  jawbone  /  mandíbula    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  cha-la-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  668-178-74

Narrow Transcription(s):  chalam Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:03-Oct-2006

cham-CHAM Hieroglyph  CHAM-mi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                   (2)            

Meaning(s):  vi.  die  /  morir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAM
  (2)  CHAM-mi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1046
  (2)  1046-173

Narrow Transcription(s):  chaam- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chaam- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*kamBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*kamKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*chämKaufman and Norman 1984  

Morphological Analysis:cham-i-ø=die-THM-3SA

See Also:chamaygot died

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

chamay
 

Meaning(s):  mp.  got died  /  morirse    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAM-yi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1046-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  #cham[aa]y Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
chamay Stuart 2005  


Morphological Analysis:cham-[a]y-i-ø=die-MED-THM-3SA

See Also:cham-die
chamVl>death

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

chamVl
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  death  /  muerte    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAM-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-178


See Also:cham-die
chamay>got died

Last Updated:02-Nov-2007

chanCHAN Hieroglyph  
 (1)    

Meaning(s):  num.  four  /  cuatro    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN


Narrow Transcription(s):  chan Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*chänKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*kaang-ib'Kaufman and Norman  1984

See Also:chanalcelestial
Chan Witik>Chan Witik (Copan toponym)

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chanCHAN Hieroglyph  
 (1)                  

Meaning(s):  n.  snake  /  serpiente    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN
  (2)  CHAN-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  764
  (2)  764-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  chan Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*kaahnBrown and Norman  2004
Proto-Mayan*kaanKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*chanKaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:chanalcelestial
Chan Witik>Chan Witik (Copan toponym)

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chanCHAN Hieroglyph  CHAN-na Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    (2)                   

Meaning(s):  n.  sky  /  cielo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN
  (2)  CHAN-na
  (3)  cha-CHAN
  (4)  cha-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  561
  (2)  561-23
  (3)  135-561
  (4)  135-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  chan Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  
chan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*kaa'ngBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*ka?ngKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*chanKaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:chanalcelestial
Chan Witik>Chan Witik (Copan toponym)

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chancha-nu Hieroglyph  
 (4)              

Meaning(s):  vt.  watch over (alternativerly: own, master)  /  mirar, ver (alternativamente: tener)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  #NAME?
  (2)  cha-CHAN
  (3)  cha-CHAN-nu
  (4)  cha-nu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  561-592
  (2)  135-561
  (3)  135-561-592
  (4)  135-592

Narrow Transcription(s):  cha'n, chan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:chanalcelestial
Chan Witik>Chan Witik (Copan toponym)

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

Chan Witik
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chan Witik (Copan toponym)  /  Chan Witik (topónimo de Copan)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN-wi-ti-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  IV-117-59-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chan Witik Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chan Witik Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:chanfour
chansnake
chansky
chanwatch over (alternativerly: own, master)
witik>plant name?

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chanal
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  celestial  /  celestial    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  561-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  chanal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chanal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:chan-al=four-ATT

See Also:chanfour
chansnake
chansky
chanwatch over (alternativerly: own, master)
lajun>ten
Lajun>Lajun (name of god)

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chanlajun
 

Meaning(s):  num.  fourteen  /  quatorze    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN-[LAJUN]

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  IV-X

Narrow Transcription(s):  chanlaju'n Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
chanlajuun Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*chänläjunKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*kaang-ib' laajuungKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

Chante' Ajaw
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chante' Ajaw (name of Copan patron god)  /  Chante' Ajaw (nombre del dios tutelar de Copan)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN-TE'-AJAW

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  IV-87-168

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chante' Ajaw Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chante' Ajaw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ajawlord, king, ruler
chan>four
chan>snake
chan>sky
chan>watch over (alternativerly: own, master)
te'>tree, wood

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

Chante' Sutz'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Chante' Sutz' (proper name of building at Yaxchilan)  /  Chante' Sutz' (nombre de un edificio de Yaxchilan)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAN-TE'-SUTZ'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  IV-87-756

Narrow Transcription(s):  Chante' Suutz' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
Chante' Suutz' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:chanfour
chansnake
chansky
chanwatch over (alternativerly: own, master)
Sutz'>4th Classic Maya Month
sutz'>bat
te'>tree, wood

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chapat
 

Meaning(s):  n.  centipede  /  ciempiés    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAPAT-tu
  (2)  cha-pa-tu
  (3)  cha-CHAPAT-ti
  (4)  cha-pa-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-89
  (2)  (520-299)-586-89
  (3)  135-nn-59
  (4)  (520-299)-586-113

Narrow Transcription(s):  chapa[h]t Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
chapa'[h]t (from CHAPAT-tu, cha-pa-tu) Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
chapaa[h]t Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:chapat chansnake-centipede

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chapat chan
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  snake-centipede  /  serpiente-ciempiés    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAPAT-CHAN
  (2)  CHAPAT-tu-CHAN

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-561
  (2)  nn-89-561

Narrow Transcription(s):  chapa'[h]t chan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:chanfour
chansnake
chansky
chanwatch over (alternativerly: own, master)
chapat>centipede

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chayCHAY Hieroglyph  
 (1)                       

Meaning(s):  n.  fish  /  pescado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHAY
  (2)  cha-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  738
  (2)  (520-299)-126

Narrow Transcription(s):  chay Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chay Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*kyarBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*karKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*chäyKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:22-Jun-2005

cha'?
 

Meaning(s):  adv.  again, a second time  /  de nuevo, segunda vez    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHA'


Narrow Transcription(s):  cha'? Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
cha'? Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:cha'b'ijday after tomorrow

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

cha'?CHA' Hieroglyph  
 (1)    

Meaning(s):  num.  two  /  dos    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHA'


Narrow Transcription(s):  cha'? Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
cha'? Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*kaa'b'Brown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*ka?-ib'Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*cha?Kaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:cha'b'ijday after tomorrow

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

cha'b'ij
 

Meaning(s):  adv.  day after tomorrow  /  pasado manana, por segunda vez    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHA'-b'i-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  2-585-88

Narrow Transcription(s):  cha'b'ij #Houston, Stuart, and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*chab'-ijKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*ka?b'-eejKaufman and Norman  1984

Morphological Analysis:cha'-[i]b'-ij=two-INT?-FUT

See Also:cha'?again, a second time
cha'?two

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

cheche Hieroglyph  
 (1)          

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  che

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  148


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

che
 

Meaning(s):  adv.  thus  /  asi    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  che

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  145


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

chel-
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  high  /  montado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  che-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  148-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  chel- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chel- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:cheletplace on

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chelet
 

Meaning(s):  adv.  place on  /  montado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  che-le-te

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  148-188-518c

Narrow Transcription(s):  chele[h]t or che[']le[h]t Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:chel-high

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

che'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  tree  /  árbol    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  che-e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  148-542

Narrow Transcription(s):  che' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
che' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:22-Jun-2005

che'-
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  say  /  decir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  che-e
  (2)  che-he-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  148-542
  (2)  148-574

Narrow Transcription(s):  che' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
che' Laacdena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:che'nso, so it says (alternative: I say/said)

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

che'b'che-b'u Hieroglyph  
 (1)                       

Meaning(s):  n.  quill, (paint) brush  /  pluma, cepillo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  che-b'u
  (2)  che-e-b'u

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  148-21
  (2)  148-542/741a-21

Narrow Transcription(s):  che[h]b', che'eeb' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
che'e[h]b' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:
pokol che'b'>ceramic washbowl for quill pens

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

che'nche-e-na Hieroglyph  che-he-na Hieroglyph  
 (1)                       (3)                       

Meaning(s):  part.  so, so it says (alternative: I say/said)  /  asi, asi se dicen (alternativamente: yo digo/dije)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  che-e-na
  (2)  che-na
  (3)  che-he-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  148-542/741a-23
  (2)  148-23
  (3)  148-574-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  cheen, cheheen Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
che'en, chehe'n Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:16-Jun-2005

chichi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                  

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  671


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

chichchi-chi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                  

Meaning(s):  n.  word, prophecy, reason  /  papabra, profecía, razón    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chi-chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  671-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  chich Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chich Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:22-Jun-2005

chihchi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                  

Meaning(s):  n.  pulque  /  pulque    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  671

Narrow Transcription(s):  chih Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*chihKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*kiihKaufman and Norman  1984

See Also:aj chihdrunkard

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chijchi Hieroglyph  
 (2)                  

Meaning(s):  n.  deer  /  ciervo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chi-ji
  (2)  chi
  (3)  CHIJ-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  671-88/136
  (2)  671
  (3)  766-136

Narrow Transcription(s):  chij Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*kehjBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*kehjKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*chijKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:22-Jun-2005

chijlam
 

Meaning(s):  n.  translator  /  intérprete    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chi-ji-la-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  671-136-534-74

Narrow Transcription(s):  chijlam Houston, Stuart and Wichmann 2004  
chijlam Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:chilamspokesman

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chik
 

Meaning(s):  n.  coatimundi  /  coati    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chi-ku

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  671-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  chi[h]k Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chi'[i]k Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:22-Jun-2005

chikaj
 

Meaning(s):  n.  [species of tree]  /  [un tipo de árbol]    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chi-ka-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  671-25-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  #chikaj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

Chikin
 

Meaning(s):  n.  6th Classic Maya month  /  6o mes del Periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHIK-ni
  (2)  CHIK-ki-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  758b-116
  (2)  758b-102-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  chikin Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chikin Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:22-Jun-2005

chikin
 

Meaning(s):  n.  ear  /  oreja    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chi-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  671-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  chiki[n] Lacadena n.d.  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*xikinBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*xikinKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*chikinKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:22-Jun-2005

chik'in
 

Meaning(s):  n.  west  /  oeste    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chi-K'IN-ni
  (2)  chi-K'IN

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  671-544-116
  (2)  671-544

Narrow Transcription(s):  chik'in Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chik'in Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:k'inhot
k'insun
k'inday

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chilam
 

Meaning(s):  n.  spokesman  /  portavoz    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chi-la-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  671-534-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  chilam Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chilam Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:chijlamtranslator

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chit
 

Meaning(s):  n.  father, patron  /  padre, patrón    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHIT-ta
  (2)  CHIT-ti
  (3)  chi-ti

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  759-113
  (2)  nn-59
  (3)  671-59

Narrow Transcription(s):  chiit, chit Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chiit, chit Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:22-Jun-2005

chitam
 

Meaning(s):  n.  peccary  /  javelín    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHITAM
  (2)  CHITAM-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  754
  (2)  754-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  chitam Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
chitam Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*chitamKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

chitin

Meaning(s):  nd.  sweatbath  /  temazcal    


Thompson Number(s):  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

chiwoj
 

Meaning(s):  n.  tarantula  /  tarántula    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chi-wo-jo
  (2)  chi-wo

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  671-67-607
  (2)  671-67

Narrow Transcription(s):  chiwo'j Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:16-Jun-2005

chocho Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  cho

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  590


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

chok-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  throw, scatter  /  esparcir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -CHOK-
  (2)  -CHOK-ko-
  (3)  -CHOK-ka-
  (4)  -cho-ka-
  (5)  -cho-ko-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  710
  (2)  710-110
  (3)  710-25
  (4)  590-25
  (5)  590-110

Narrow Transcription(s):  -chok- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-chok- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*chokKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:22-Jun-2005

choknom
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  scatterer  /  esparcidor    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHOK-no-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  170-(595-134)-74

Narrow Transcription(s):  #chokno'm Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:chok-n-om-ø=scatter-IVZR-RST-3SA

See Also:
chokwa>it got scattered

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chokwa
 

Meaning(s):  ap.  it got scattered  /  se lo esparció    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHOK-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  710-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  #choko'w Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
chokwa Carrasco, Hull and Wald n.d.  


Morphological Analysis:chok-wa-ø=scatter-AP-3SA

See Also:
choknom>scatterer

Last Updated:18-Mar-2008

chuchu- Hieroglyph  
 (1)                  

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chu-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (515-87)

Narrow Transcription(s):  chu- Houston, Robertson, Stuart  2004?
chu- Lacadena and Wichmann  2004


See Also:

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

chuch
 

Meaning(s):  n.  loom, cloth  /  tela, ropa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chu-chu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  [517+87]-[517+87]

Narrow Transcription(s):  chuch Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
chuch Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:26-Jun-2005

-chuk--chu-ka- Hieroglyph  -chu-ku- Hieroglyph  
 (1)               (2)                

Meaning(s):  vt.  capture, catch, grab, seize, fetch  /  capturar, agarrar, asir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -chu-ka-
  (2)  -chu-ku-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (517-87)-25
  (2)  (517-87)-528

Narrow Transcription(s):  -chuk- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-chuk- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*chukKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

chukaj
 

Meaning(s):  pa.  he/she is/was captured  /  el/ella es/fue capturado(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chu-ka-ja
  (2)  chu-ku-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (517-87)-25-181
  (2)  (517-87)-[528]-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  #chu[h]kaj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:chu-[h]-k-aj-ø=capture-[PAS]-THM-3SA

See Also:
-chuk->capture, catch, grab, seize, fetch
chukjiy>he/she is/was already captured
uchukuw>he/she captures(ed) it

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chukjiy
 

Meaning(s):  pa.  he/she is/was already captured  /  el/ella ya es/fue capturado(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chu-ku-ji-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (517-87)-[528]-136-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  #chukjiiy Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:-chuk-capture, catch, grab, seize, fetch
chukaj>he/she is/was captured
uchukuw>he/she captures(ed) it

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chuluk

Meaning(s):  n.  lizard  /  lagarto    


Thompson Number(s):  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

chum-CHUM- Hieroglyph  CHUM-mu- Hieroglyph  
 (1)                   (2)                   

Meaning(s):  vp.  be seated  /  estar sentado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHUM-
  (2)  CHUM-mu-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  644
  (2)  644[19v.]

Narrow Transcription(s):  chum- Houston, Robertson, Stuart  2004?
chum- Lacadena and Wichmann  2004

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*chumKaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:chum tuntun seating
chumub'>seat
chumul>be seated
chumjiy>he/she is/was seated
chumwaniy>he/she was already seated
chumwan>he/she was seated
chumlajiy>he/she was already seated
chumlaj>he/she is/was seated
chumtal>sitting
chumwi>it got seated

Last Updated:28-Sep-2006

chum tunCHUM-TUN-ni Hieroglyph  CHUM-mu-TUN-ni Hieroglyph  
 (2)                 (3)                        

Meaning(s):  n.  tun seating  /  asiento de tun    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHUM-TUN
  (2)  CHUM-TUN-ni
  (3)  CHUM-mu-TUN-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  644-528
  (2)  644-528-116
  (3)  644-[19v]-528-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  chum tuun Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
chum tuun Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Morphological Analysis:chum-tun=seat-stone

See Also:
chum->be seated
tun>stone
tun>year of 360 days

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chumjiy
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  he/she is/was seated  /  el/ella es/fue sentado(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHUM-ji-ya
  (2)  CHUM-mu-ji-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  644-136-125
  (2)  644-[19v]-136-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  chu[h]mjiiy Zender  2004
chumjiiy Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Morphological Analysis:chu-[h]-m-(a)j-Ø-iy=seat-[IP]-3SA-ADV.ENC

Comments:Alfonso Lacaden and Søren Wichmann (2000) argue that this particular form recorded in Tonina (M. 28 back D5) and Pomona (F. 21) may be the Proto-Tzeltalan form of positionals (PB).

See Also:chumtalsitting
chumub'>seat
chumwi>it got seated
chumul>be seated
chumwaniy>he/she was already seated
chumwan>he/she was seated
chumlajiy>he/she was already seated
chumlaj>he/she is/was seated
chum->be seated

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

chumlaj
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  he/she is/was seated  /  el/ella es/fue sentado(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHUM-la-ja
  (2)  CHUM-mu-la-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  644-178-181
  (2)  644-[19v]-178-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  chumlaj Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
chumlaj Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  


Morphological Analysis:chum-l-aj-ø=sit-STA-POS.IVZR-3SA

See Also:
chumub'>seat
chumwi>it got seated
chumtal>sitting
chumul>be seated
chumwaniy>he/she was already seated
chumwan>he/she was seated
chumlajiy>he/she was already seated
chum->be seated

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

chumlajiyCHUM-la-ji-ya Hieroglyph  CHUM-mu-la-ji-ya Hieroglyph  
 (1)                        (2)                       

Meaning(s):  vp.  he/she was already seated  /  el/ella ya fue senatdo(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHUM-la-ji-ya
  (2)  CHUM-mu-la-ji-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  644-178-88/136-125
  (2)  644[19]-178-88/136-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  chumlajiiy Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
chumlajiiy Houston, Stuart and Robertson  1998


Morphological Analysis:chum-l-aj-ø-iy=sit-STA-POS.IVZR-3SA-ADV.CLT

See Also:chumwiit got seated
chumub'>seat
chumul>be seated
chumwaniy>he/she was already seated
chumwan>he/she was seated
chumlaj>he/she is/was seated
chum->be seated
chumtal>sitting

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

chumtal
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  sitting  /  sesión    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHUM-mu-ta-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  644-[19v]-565-82

Narrow Transcription(s):  #chumtaal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*chumtälKaufman and Norman 1984  

Morphological Analysis:chum-tal-i-ø=sit-POS.IVZR-THM-3SA

See Also:chum-be seated
chumlaj>he/she is/was seated
chumlajiy>he/she was already seated
chumub'>seat
chumul>be seated
chumwan>he/she was seated
chumwaniy>he/she was already seated
chumwi>it got seated
-tal>counts of ordinals, days

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

chumub'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  seat  /  asiento    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHUM-mu-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  644-[19v]-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  chumuub' Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
chumib' Houston, Stuart andRobertson  1998


See Also:
chumtal>sitting
chumul>be seated
chumwi>it got seated
chumwaniy>he/she was already seated
chumwan>he/she was seated
chumlajiy>he/she was already seated
chumlaj>he/she is/was seated
chum->be seated

Last Updated:29-Jan-2006

chumulCHUM-mu-li Hieroglyph  
 (2)                        

Meaning(s):  n.  be seated  /  asentarse    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHUM-li
  (2)  CHUM-mu-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  644-82
  (2)  644-[19v]-82

Narrow Transcription(s):  chumuul Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
chumuul Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Morphological Analysis:chum-ul-ø=sit-STA-3SA

See Also:
chumtal>sitting
chumwi>it got seated
chumwaniy>he/she was already seated
chumwan>he/she was seated
chumlajiy>he/she was already seated
chum->be seated
chumlaj>he/she is/was seated

Last Updated:26-Jun-2005

chumwan
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  he/she was seated  /  el/ella fue sentado(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHUM-wa-ni
  (2)  CHUM-mu-wa-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  644-130-116
  (2)  644-[19v]-130-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  chumwaan Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
chumwaan Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Morphological Analysis:chum-wan-i-ø=sit-POS.IVZR-THM-3SA

See Also:
chumub'>seat
chumwi>it got seated
chumul>be seated
chumjiy>he/she is/was seated
chumwaniy>he/she was already seated
chumlajiy>he/she was already seated
chumlaj>he/she is/was seated
chum->be seated
-wan>positional suffix
chumtal>sitting

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

chumwaniyCHUM-mu-wa-ni-ya Hieroglyph  
 (2)                        

Meaning(s):  vp.  he/she was already seated  /  el/ella ya fue sentado(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHUM-wa-ni-ya
  (2)  CHUM-mu-wa-ni-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  644-130-116-125
  (2)  644-[19v]-130-116-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  chumwaniiy Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
chumwaniiy Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Morphological Analysis:chum-wan-i-ø-iy=sit-POS.IVZR-THM-3SA-ADV.CLT

See Also:chumlajhe/she is/was seated
chumlajiy>he/she was already seated
chum->be seated
chumub'>seat
chumul>be seated
chumwi>it got seated
chumwan>he/she was seated
chumtal>sitting
-iy>deictic clitic-already, long ago
-wan>positional suffix

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

chumwi
 

Meaning(s):  ap.  it got seated  /  se lo sentó    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHUM-wi
  (2)  CHUM-mu-wi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  644-117
  (2)  644[19]-117

Narrow Transcription(s):  chumu'w Lacadena and Wichmann  2004
chumwi Carrasco, Hull and Wald n.d.  


Morphological Analysis:chum-wi-ø=sit-AP-3SA

See Also:chumlajhe/she is/was seated
chumtal>sitting
chumub'>seat
chumul>be seated
chumwan>he/she was seated
chumlajiy>he/she was already seated
chum->be seated

Last Updated:23-Mar-2005

chuwen
 

Meaning(s):  n.  artist?  /  artista?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CHUWEN
  (2)  CHUWEN-na
  (3)  CHUWEN-ne

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  nn-23
  (3)  nn-120

Narrow Transcription(s):  chuwe'n, chuwen Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
chuween, chuwen Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


See Also:

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

-chuy-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  sew  /  coser    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  chu-yu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (517-87)-61

Narrow Transcription(s):  -chuy- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-chuy- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

ch'ach'a Hieroglyph  
 (1)                  

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ch'a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  93


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

ch'ab'CH'AB' Hieroglyph  
 (1)                   

Meaning(s):  n.  fasting  /  ayuno    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CH'AB'
  (2)  ch'a-CH'AB'
  (3)  CH'AB'-b'a
  (4)  ch'a-b'a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  712
  (2)  93-712
  (3)  712-501
  (4)  93-501

Narrow Transcription(s):  ch'ab' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
ch'a[h]b' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*k'ajb'Brown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*k'ajb'Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*ch'ahb'Kaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:-ch'ab'-fast

Last Updated:18-Mar-2008

-ch'ab'-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  fast  /  ayunar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -ch'a-b'a-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  93-501

Narrow Transcription(s):  -ch'ab'- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-ch'ab'- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


See Also:ch'ab'fasting

Last Updated:05-Sep-2005

ch'ah
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  bitter  /  agrio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ch'a-ha

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  93-(60-1042)

Narrow Transcription(s):  ch'ah Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
ch'ah Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan* k'ahBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*k'ahKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*ch'ahKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

ch'ahom
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  one who incense  /  alguien que incensa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ch'a-ho-ma
  (2)  ch'a-jo-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  93-672-74
  (2)  93-589-42

Narrow Transcription(s):  ch'ahoom Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
ch'aho'm Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:ch'ah-om-ø=?-RST-3SA

Last Updated:05-Sep-2005

ch'aj
 

Meaning(s):  n.  roasted maize flour  /  pinole    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ch'a-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  93-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  ch'aj Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
ch'aj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*k'ajBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*k'ajKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*chäjKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

ch'aj
 

Meaning(s):  n.  drop, droplet  /  gota    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ch'a-ji
  (2)  ch'a-ja
  (3)  ch'a-ha

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  93-136
  (2)  93-181
  (3)  93-(60-1042)

Narrow Transcription(s):  ch'aaj, ch'aj, ch'ah Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
ch'aaj, ch'aj, ch'ah Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

ch'aja[l]te'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  [a kind of incense]  /  [un tipo de incienso]    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ch'a-ja-TE'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  93-181-87

Narrow Transcription(s):  ch'aja[l]te' Grube 2004  


See Also:ch'ajroasted maize flour
ch'ajdrop, droplet

Last Updated:26-Mar-2008

-ch'ak-CH'AK Hieroglyph  CH'AK-ka- Hieroglyph  
 (1)           (2)           

Meaning(s):  vt.  injure, chop, cut, decapitate  /  herir, cortar, tajar, decapitar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CH'AK
  (2)  CH'AK-ka-
  (3)  ch'a-ka-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  333
  (2)  333
  (3)  93-25

Narrow Transcription(s):  -ch'ak- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-ch'ak- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*ch'äkKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*k'aqKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

-ch'am-CH'AM Hieroglyph  
 (1)                     

Meaning(s):  vt.  take, grab, receive  /  tener, tomar, recibir    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CH'AM
  (2)  CH'AM-ma
  (3)  ch'a-CH'AM

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  670
  (2)  670-74
  (3)  93-670

Narrow Transcription(s):  -ch'am- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-ch'am- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*k'amBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*k'amKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*chämKaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:
ch'amwa/wi>it got grasped
uch'amaw>he/she grasps(ed)it

Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

ch'amwa/wi
 

Meaning(s):  ap.  it got grasped  /  se lo agarró    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CH'AM-wa
  (2)  CH'AM-wi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  670-130
  (2)  670-117

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ch'amaw/ch'amaaw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
ch'amwa/ch'amwi Carrasco, Hull and Wald n.d.  


Morphological Analysis:ch'am-wa/wi-ø=grasp-AP-3SA

See Also:
-ch'am->take, grab, receive
uch'amaw>he/she grasps(ed)it

Last Updated:18-Mar-2008

ch'atch'a-ti Hieroglyph  
 (1)               

Meaning(s):  n.  dwarf, hunchback  /  enano    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ch'a-ti
  (2)  ch'a-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  93-59
  (2)  93-103

Narrow Transcription(s):  ch'aat, ch'at Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
ch'aat, ch'at Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

ch'enCH'EN Hieroglyph  CH'EN-na Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      (2)                     

Meaning(s):  n.  cave, well  /  cueva, pozo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CH'EN
  (2)  CH'EN-na
  (3)  CH'EN-ni
  (4)  CH'EN-ne

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  571/598/599
  (2)  571/598/599-23
  (3)  599-116
  (4)  599-120

Narrow Transcription(s):  ch'een, ch'en Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
ch'e'n, ch'een, ch'en Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayank'ee'nBrown and Wichmann  2004
Proto-Mayan*k'e?nKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Cholan*ch'enKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:16-Jun-2005

ch'och'o Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ch'o

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  287


Last Updated:25-Sep-2006

ch'och'o Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  n.  rat  /  rata    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ch'o

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  287

Narrow Transcription(s):  ch'o[h] David Stuart 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*ch'ohokKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*ch'o?hKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

ch'okCH'OK Hieroglyph  CH'OK-ko Hieroglyph  
 (2)                   (3)                     

Meaning(s):  adj.  unripe, young  /  tierno, menor en edad    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ch'o-ko
  (2)  CH'OK
  (3)  CH'OK-ko

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  287-110
  (2)  758
  (3)  758-110

Narrow Transcription(s):  ch'ok Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
ch'ok Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*ch'okKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

ch'ok
 

Meaning(s):  n.  title which designates heirs to the throne (not exclusively)  /  título que designa herederos al trono (no en todos casos)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CH'OK-ko
  (2)  ch'o-ko

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  758-110
  (2)  287-110

Narrow Transcription(s):  ch'ok Houston, Stuart an dRobertson 1998  
ch'ok Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

ch'oklel
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  'youth-hood'  /  'joventud'    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  CH'OK-ko-le-le
  (2)  CH'OK-ko-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  758-110-188-188
  (2)  758-110-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  ch'oklel Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  
ch'oklel Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:ch'ok-[i]l-el=young emergent-ABT-INS

Comments:emergent-ABT-INS

Last Updated:21-Jun-2005

-ch'om-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  hit, pierce  /  golpear, perforar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ch'o-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  758-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  -ch'om- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:07-Sep-2005

ee Hieroglyph  
 (1)                

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  542/741a


Last Updated:25-Oct-2006

eb'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  staircase, stair, ladder  /  escalón, escalera    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  e-b'u
  (2)  (y)e-b'a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  741a-21
  (2)  710v/512-501

Narrow Transcription(s):  ehb' Stuart 2005  
e[h]b'uul, (y)e[h]b'aal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*ehb'Kaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*ehb'Kaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:26-Jun-2005

eb'et
 

Meaning(s):  n.  messenger  /  mensajero    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)e-b'e-ta
  (2)  (y)e-b'e-te

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  710v-nn-113
  (2)  710v-nn-518c

Narrow Transcription(s):  eb'et Stuart 2005  
eb'e't, eb'et Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*eb'etKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*ab'-aatyKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:27-Jun-2005

ej
 

Meaning(s):  n.  tooth  /  diente    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  [y]e-je

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  512-69

Narrow Transcription(s):  eh Stuart 2005  
ej Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*ehKaufman and Norman  1984
Proto-Mayan*eehKaufman and Norman  1984

Last Updated:26-Jun-2005

ek'EK' Hieroglyph  
 (1)                        

Meaning(s):  n.  star  /  estrella    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  EK'
  (2)  e-k'e

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  510
  (2)  542-(517-197)

Narrow Transcription(s):  ek' Stuart 2005  
eek' Lacadena n.d.  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*ek'Kaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:Chak Ek'Venus

Last Updated:27-Jun-2005

el-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  burn  /  arder    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  EL
  (2)  EL-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  546v
  (2)  546v-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  el Stuart 2005  
#el- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:elk'ineast
elnah>house-burning

Last Updated:27-Jun-2005

elk'in
 

Meaning(s):  n.  east  /  este    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  EL-K'IN

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  546-544

Narrow Transcription(s):  elk'in Stuart 2005  
#elk'iin Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:el-burn
k'in>hot
k'in>sun
k'in>day

Last Updated:27-Jun-2005

elnah
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  house-burning  /  el quemar de casa    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  EL-NAH
  (2)  EL-le-NAH
  (3)  EL-le-NAH-hi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  546-4
  (2)  546-188-4
  (3)  546-188-4-(60-528)


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

em-
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  go down, descend; come down  /  bajar, descender    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  EM-mi
  (2)  e-mi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  227-173
  (2)  542-173

Narrow Transcription(s):  e[h]mi Zender 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*ehmBrown and Wichmann 2004  
Proto-Mayan*ehmKaufman and Norman 1984  
Proto-Cholan*ehmKaufman and Norman 1984  

Morphological Analysis:em-i-ø=descend-THM-3SA

See Also:emaldescent
emey>go down

Last Updated:29-May-2006

emach
 

Meaning(s):  n.  raccoon  /  mapache    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  EM-ma
  (2)  EM-ma-cha

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-nn
  (2)  nn-nn-668

Narrow Transcription(s):  emach Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*ehmächKaufman and Norman 1984  

Last Updated:27-Jun-2005

emal
 

Meaning(s):  n.  descent  /  descenso, bajada    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)e-ma-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  512/1071-74-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  emal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#e[h]mal Zender 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*ehm-älKaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:em-go down, descend; come down
emey>go down

Last Updated:27-Jun-2005

emey
 

Meaning(s):  vid.  go down  /  bajarse    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  EM-ye

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-710v

Narrow Transcription(s):  e[h]mey Zender 2005  


See Also:em-go down, descend; come down
emal>descent

Last Updated:03-Feb-2006

etej
 

Meaning(s):  n.  work, office  /  trabajo, oficio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ETE'
  (2)  ETE'-TE'
  (3)  ETE'-TE'-je

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  514
  (2)  514-87
  (3)  514-87-69

Narrow Transcription(s):  e[b']tej MacLeod n.d.  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*eb't-elKaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:

Last Updated:27-Jun-2005

etk'ab'a'

Meaning(s):  nc.  namesake  /  homónimo    


Thompson Number(s):  


See Also:
k'ab'a'>name

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

ha
 

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ha

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (60-1042)/nn


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

hab'H AB' Hieroglyph  HAB'-b'i Hieroglyph  
 (1)                        (2)              

Meaning(s):  n.  year  /  año    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  H AB'
  (2)  HAB'-b'i
  (3)  HAB'-b'a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  548
  (2)  548-585
  (3)  548-501

Narrow Transcription(s):  haab', hab' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
haab', #hab' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*haa'b'Brown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*ha?b'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*hab'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:

Last Updated:29-May-2006

halab'?
 

Meaning(s):  n.  ballcourt  /  cancha de juego de pelota    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HALAB'?
  (2)  HALAB'?-b'i
  (3)  ha-HALAB'-b'i?

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  nn-585
  (3)  (60-1042)-nn-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  halaab'? Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#halaab'? Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

halaw?
 

Meaning(s):  n.  ballcourt  /  cancha de juego de pelota    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HALAW?
  (2)  HALAW?-wa
  (3)  HALAW?-la-wa
  (4)  ha-HALAW?-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  nn-130
  (3)  nn-178-130
  (4)  (60-1042)-nn-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  halaw? Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#halaw? Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

ham-
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  lie down  /  acostar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ha-ma-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (60-1042)-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  ham- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#ham- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:
hamliy>he/she lied down

Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

hamliy
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  he/she lied down  /  el/ella acosto    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ha-ma-li-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (60-1042)-nn-82-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  hamliiy Wichmann 2001  


Morphological Analysis:ham-l-i-ø-iy=open-STA-THM-3SA-ADV.CLT

See Also:ham-lie down
-iy>deictic clitic-already, long ago

Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

haw
 

Meaning(s):  n.  18th Classic Maya Month  /  18o mes del periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ha-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (1042-60)-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  haw Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#haw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

ha'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  water  /  agua    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HA'
  (2)  HA'-a
  (3)  a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  566
  (2)  566-228
  (3)  228

Narrow Transcription(s):  ha' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#ha' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*ha?Kaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Mayan*Ha?Kaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Mayan*ha'Brown and Wichmann (2004)  

See Also:ha'lwet, rainy

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ha'i
 

Meaning(s):  pr.  he, she  /  el, ella    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ha-i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (60+1042)-679

Narrow Transcription(s):  #haa Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
haa Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*ha?Kaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Mayan*haa'Brown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Cholan*ha?-inKaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:ha'ob'they

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ha'l
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  wet, rainy  /  humedo, lluvioso    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -HA'-
  (2)  -HA'-la
  (3)  ha-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  556
  (2)  556-178
  (3)  (60-1042)-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-hal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
#NAME? Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Example Date =
See Also:ha'water

Example(s)

Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

ha'ob'
 

Meaning(s):  pr.  they  /  ellos, ellas    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ha-o-b'a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (60-1042)-280-501

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ha'o'b' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
haa'oob' Stuart 2005  


See Also:ha'ihe, she

Last Updated:27-Jun-2005

he
 

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  he

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  574


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

hek
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  hang up, be stuck, insert  /  colgar, trabarse, insertar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  e-ke-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  741a-220

Narrow Transcription(s):  [h]ek- Wichmann 2001  


See Also:heklib'(vertical) panel
hekwan>he/she inserts/inserted
hekwaniy>he/she already inserted

Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

heklib'
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  (vertical) panel  /  tablero (vertical)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  e-ke-li-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  741a-220-82-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  [h]eklib' Wichmann 2001  


Morphological Analysis:hek-l-ib'-ø=hang-STA-INS-3SA

See Also:hekhang up, be stuck, insert
hekwan>he/she inserts/inserted
hekwaniy>he/she already inserted
-ib'>derives instrumentals from intransitive verbs

Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

hekwan
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  he/she inserts/inserted  /  el/ella colga/colgó    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  e-ke-wa-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  741a-220-130-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  [h]ekwaan Wichmann 2001  


Morphological Analysis:hek-wan-i-ø=hang-POS.IVZR-THM-3SA

See Also:hekhang up, be stuck, insert
heklib'>(vertical) panel
hekwaniy>he/she already inserted
-wan>positional suffix

Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

hekwaniy
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  he/she already inserted  /  el/ella ya colgó    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  e-ke-wa-ni-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  741a-220-130-116-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  [h]ekwaniiy Wichmann 2001  


Morphological Analysis:hek-wan-i-ø-iy=hang-POS.IVZR-THM-3SA-ADV.CLT

See Also:hekhang up, be stuck, insert
heklib'>(vertical) panel
hekwan>he/she inserts/inserted
-iy>deictic clitic-already, long ago
-wan>positional suffix

Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

-hen
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  count of single days?  /  ¿particula para contar días singulares?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  he-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  574-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-heen Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-he'n Lacadena and Wichmann 2000  


Last Updated:15-Feb-2007

hetz'-
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  set down  /  depositar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  e-tz'e-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  741a-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  [h]etz'- Biro (pace Stuart 2002)  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*hetz'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:hetz'wanhe/she sets/set down

Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

hetz'wan
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  he/she sets/set down  /  el/ella deposita/depositó    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  e-tz'e-wa-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  741a-nn-130-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  [h]etz'waan Biro (pace Stuart 2002)  


Morphological Analysis:hetz'-wan-i-ø=set down-POS.IVZR-THM-3SA

See Also:
-wan>positional suffix

Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

-hew
 

Meaning(s):  ncl.  count of single days?  /  ¿particula para contar días singulares?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  he-wa

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  574-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-heew Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-he'w Lacadena and Wichmann 2000  


Last Updated:15-Feb-2007

hi
 

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  hi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (60-528)/60


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

hil-
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  rest  /  quedar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  hi-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (60-528)-82

Narrow Transcription(s):  hil- Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  
#hil- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*hilKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Mayan*hi(h)lKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Morphological Analysis:hil-i-ø=rest-THM-3SA

See Also:-iintensifier suffix
-ithematic suffix of intransitive verbs

Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

hin
 

Meaning(s):  pr.  I  /  yo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  hi-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (60-528)-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  hiin Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#hiin Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

hinaj
 

Meaning(s):  n.  seed  /  semilla    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  hi-na-ja
  (2)  hi-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (60-528)-23-181
  (2)  (60-528)-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  hinaj Grube 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*iingaajKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*(h)inajKaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:

Last Updated:29-May-2006

hix
 

Meaning(s):  n.  jaguar  /  jaguar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HIX
  (2)  hi-HIX
  (3)  HIX-si

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn, 524
  (2)  60-nn/524
  (3)  nn/528-1048

Narrow Transcription(s):  hix Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#hix Laacdena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

Hix Witz
 

Meaning(s):  n.  emblem glyph (El Pajaral/Zapote Bobal area)  /  glifo emblema (area de El Pajaral/ Zapote Bobal)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HIX-WITZ
  (2)  HIX-wi-WITZ
  (3)  HIX-wi-tzi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  524-529
  (2)  524-117-529
  (3)  524-117-507

Narrow Transcription(s):  Hix Witz Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  
#Hix Witz Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:hixjaguar
witz>mountain, hill

Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

ho
 

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ho

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  672


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

ho'
 

Meaning(s):  num.  five  /  cinco    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HO'


Narrow Transcription(s):  ho' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#ho' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*ho'Brown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*ho?-oob'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ho?Kaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:ho'lajunfifteen

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ho'lajun
 

Meaning(s):  num.  fifteen  /  quince    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HO'-[LAJUN]


Narrow Transcription(s):  ho'lajuun Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#ho'laju'n Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*ho'läjunKaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:ho'five
lajun>ten
Lajun>Lajun (name of god)

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

hu
 

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  hu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  740v


Last Updated:20-Sep-2005

huj
 

Meaning(s):  n.  iguana  /  iguana    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HUJ

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  741c

Narrow Transcription(s):  huj Grube 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*hujKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

huk
 

Meaning(s):  num.  seven  /  siete    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HUK


Narrow Transcription(s):  huk Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*huuq-uub'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*hukKaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:Huk Chapat Tz'ikin K'inich AjawHuk Chapat Tz'ikin? K'inich Ajaw (name of war serpent)
huklajun>seventeen
Huk Sip>Huk Sip (Seven Sins-name of god)

Last Updated:29-May-2006

Huk Chapat Tz'ikin K'inich Ajaw
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Huk Chapat Tz'ikin? K'inich Ajaw (name of war serpent)  /  Huk Chapat Tz'ikin K'inich Ajaw (nombre de la serpiente de guerra)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HUK-CHAPAT-TZ'IKIN?-K'INICH-AJAW
  (2)  HUK-CHAPAT-tu-TZ'IKIN-na-K'INICH-AJAW-wa


Narrow Transcription(s):  #huk chapaa[h]t tz'ikin? k'i[h]nich ajaw Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ajawlord, king, ruler
chapat>centipede
huk>seven
k'inich>sun-faced?, heated?

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

Huk Sip
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Huk Sip (Seven Sins-name of god)  /  Huk Sip (Siete Delitos-nombe de dios)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HUK-si-pu

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  VII-57-266

Narrow Transcription(s):  Huk Siip Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  
Huk Si'p Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:hukseven
sip>sin

Last Updated:19-Jun-2005

huklajun
 

Meaning(s):  num.  seventeen  /  dieciseite    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HUK- [LAJUN]


Narrow Transcription(s):  #huklaju'n Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
huklajuun Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


See Also:hukseven
lajun>ten
Lajun>Lajun (name of god)

Last Updated:20-Jun-2005

hul-
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  arrive (there)  /  llegar (para)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HUL-li
  (2)  hu-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  713b/683b/nn-82
  (2)  740-82

Narrow Transcription(s):  huul Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#huli Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*hulKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*hulKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Morphological Analysis:hul-i-ø=arrive-THM-3SA

See Also:
huley>he/she arrived
-i>intensifier suffix
-i>thematic suffix of intransitive verbs

Last Updated:29-May-2006

huley
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  he/she arrived  /  el/ella llegó    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HUL-ye

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  huley Stuart, Houston and Roberston 1999  
hul[eh]y Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:
hul->arrive (there)

Last Updated:19-Jun-2005

hunhu-na Hieroglyph  
 (3)                

Meaning(s):  n.  book, paper  /  libro, papel    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  HUN
  (2)  HUN-na
  (3)  hu-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  60/522/609b
  (2)  60/522/609b-23
  (3)  740-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  huun Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
hu'n Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*huu'ngBrown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*hu?ngKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*hunKaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:hunal'crown' (headband made from bark paper worn by kings)
ti' sak hun>speaker of the white crown? (elite title)

Last Updated:29-May-2006

hunalhu-na-la Hieroglyph  
 (1)               

Meaning(s):  n.  'crown' (headband made from bark paper worn by kings)  /  'corona' (cinta para la cabeza hecha de papel de corteza llevada por los reyes)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  hu-na-la
  (2)  HUN

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  740-23-178
  (2)  60/522

Narrow Transcription(s):  huunal Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#hu'nal Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:hunbook, paper

Last Updated:19-Jun-2005

-i
 

Meaning(s):  suf.  intensifier suffix  /  sufijo intensificador    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -[C] i-chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-ich Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

ii Hieroglyph  
 (1)                 

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico]    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679/nn


Last Updated:25-Oct-2006

ii Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  part.  and then  /  después    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679

Narrow Transcription(s):  i Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
i Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

-i
 

Meaning(s):  suf.  thematic suffix of intransitive verbs  /  sufijo tematico de verbos intransitivos    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -[C] i



Last Updated:12-Jul-2006

-ib'
 

Meaning(s):  ad.  derives instrumentals from intransitive verbs  /  se deriva instrumentales de verbos intransitivos    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -Vi-b'i
  (2)  -b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  585


Last Updated:12-Jul-2006

ib'ach
 

Meaning(s):  n.  armadillo  /  armadillo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-b'a-cha

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-501-668

Narrow Transcription(s):  ib'ach Stuart 2005  
#ib'ach Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*iib'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ib'-achKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ich
 

Meaning(s):  n.  chile  /  chile    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  ich Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#ich Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*iihkBrown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*iikKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ichKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ichan
 

Meaning(s):  n.  mother's brother  /  tío, hermano de madre    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)i-cha-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  17-nn-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  ichaan Stuart 2005  
ichaan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*ikaanKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ichanKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ichil
 

Meaning(s):  prep.  in, within  /  en, dentro    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-chi-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-671-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  ichiil Grube, Lacadena and Martin 2003  


Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

ichiy
 

Meaning(s):  n.  hawk, heron  /  halcón, gavilán    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  'i-chi-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-671-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  ichiiy Stuart 2006  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

ichkil
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  bathe [codices]  /  bañarse    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-chi-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-671-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  ichki[l] Grube, Lacadena and Martin 2003  


Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

ichVn
 

Meaning(s):  n.  presence  /  presencia    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)i-chi-NAL
  (2)  (a-w)i-chi-NAL
  (3)  (y)i-chi-na-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  17-671-86
  (2)  228-117-671-86
  (3)  17-671-23-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  ich-Vn Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

ich'akICH'AK-ki Hieroglyph  
 (2)           

Meaning(s):  n.  claw  /  garra    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ICH'AK
  (2)  ICH'AK-ki
  (3)  (y)i-ch'a-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  nn-102
  (3)  17-93-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  ihch'aak Stuart 2005  
i[h]ch'aak Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

ikatzi-ka-tzi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                       

Meaning(s):  n.  load, bundle  /  cargo, bulto    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-ka-tzi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-25-507

Narrow Transcription(s):  ikaatz Stuart 2005  
ikaatz Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ikitzload, bundle

Last Updated:29-Jun-2005

iki [m]
 

Meaning(s):  n.  small owl  /  búho pequeño    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  iki[m] Grube, Lacadena and Martin 2003  
ikim Stuart 2005  
ikim Stuart 2005  


Last Updated:29-Jun-2005

ikitzi-ki-tzi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                

Meaning(s):  n.  load, bundle  /  cargo, bulto    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-ki-tzi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-102-507

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ikitz Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ikatzload, bundle

Last Updated:29-Jun-2005

ik'
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  black  /  negro    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IK'
  (2)  i-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  95
  (2)  679-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  ik' Stuart 2005  
#ik' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*q'ekKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ik'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:Ik' Sihom9th Classic Maya Month
Ik'at>2nd Classic Maya Month
Ik'atan>2nd Classic Maya Month

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ik'IK' Hieroglyph  
 (1)               

Meaning(s):  n.  wind, air  /  viento, aire    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IK'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  503/(23-503)

Narrow Transcription(s):  ik' Stuart 2005  
#ik' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*ii'hq'Brown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*i?q'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ik'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:Ik' Sihom9th Classic Maya Month
Ik'at>2nd Classic Maya Month
Ik'atan>2nd Classic Maya Month

Last Updated:29-May-2006

Ik' Sihom
 

Meaning(s):  n.  9th Classic Maya Month  /  9o mes del periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IK'-SIHOM?
  (2)  IK'-SIHOM?-ma
  (3)  i-ki-SIHOM?-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  95-528
  (2)  95-528-nn
  (3)  679-102-528-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  ik' sihoom? Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#Ik' Siho'm Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ik'black
ik'wind, air
sihom>winter maize crop

Last Updated:28-Jun-2005

Ik'at
 

Meaning(s):  n.  2nd Classic Maya Month  /  2o mes del periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IK'-AT
  (2)  IK'-AT-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  95-552/553b
  (2)  95-552/553b

Narrow Transcription(s):  ik'at Lacadena and Wichmann 2000  


See Also:ik'black
ik'wind, air

Last Updated:29-Jun-2005

Ik'atan
 

Meaning(s):  n.  2nd Classic Maya Month  /  2o mes del periodo Clásico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IK'-AT-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  95-552/553b-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  ik'atan Biro (pace Lacadena and Wichmann 2000)  


See Also:ik'black
ik'wind, air

Last Updated:29-Jun-2005

-il-li Hieroglyph  
 (1)           

Meaning(s):  suf.  possessive suffix  /  sufijo posesivo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -li
  (2)  -[C] i-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  82/83

Narrow Transcription(s):  -il Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

il tun
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  [proper name of throne or stone seat]  /  [nombre propio de trono o asiento de piedra]    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IL-TUN-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  154-528-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  #il-tuun Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:-ila'-see, witness
tun>stone
tun>year of 360 days

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

ilaj
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  in attendance, in the state of being seen  /  en asistencia    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IL-ji
  (2)  IL-ja
  (3)  IL-a-ja
  (4)  IL-i-a-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-88
  (2)  nn-181
  (3)  nn-228-181
  (4)  nn-[679]-228-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  ilaaj MacLeod 2004  


See Also:-ila'-see, witness
ili>see (him/her/it)!
ilil>seeing
ilniy>got seen already
ilVn>got seen

Last Updated:03-Apr-2008

-ila'-
 

Meaning(s):  vtd.  see, witness  /  ver, ser espectador de, asistir a    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IL
  (2)  IL-la
  (3)  i-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  154
  (2)  154-178
  (3)  679-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  -ila'- MacLeod 2004  
il-a Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*ilKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*il-äKaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:ilajin attendance, in the state of being seen
ili>see (him/her/it)!
ilil>seeing
ilniy>got seen already
ilVn>got seen

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ili
 

Meaning(s):  vid.  see (him/her/it)!  /  que se vea (el/ella/lo)!    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-82

Narrow Transcription(s):  ili Carrasco, Hull and Wald  


Morphological Analysis:il-i-ø=see-IMP-3SA

See Also:-iintensifier suffix
-ithematic suffix of intransitive verbs
ilaj>in attendance, in the state of being seen
-ila'->see, witness
ilil>seeing
ilniy>got seen already
ilVn>got seen

Last Updated:15-Oct-2006

ilil
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  seeing  /  vista    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)i-li-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  17-82-82

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ilil Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:-ila'-see, witness
ilaj>in attendance, in the state of being seen
ili>see (him/her/it)!
ilniy>got seen already
ilVn>got seen
ilVn>got seen

Last Updated:03-Apr-2008

ilniy
 

Meaning(s):  ad.  got seen already  /  ya hace mirado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IL-ni-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-116-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ilniiy Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ilajin attendance, in the state of being seen
-ila'->see, witness
ili>see (him/her/it)!
ilil>seeing
ilVn>got seen
-iy>deictic clitic-already, long ago

Last Updated:03-Apr-2008

ilVn
 

Meaning(s):  ap.  got seen  /  hace mirado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IL-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  #il[V]n Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:ilajin attendance, in the state of being seen
-ila'->see, witness
ili>see (him/her/it)!
ilil>seeing
ilniy>got seen already

Last Updated:03-Apr-2008

ip
 

Meaning(s):  n.  strength  /  fuerza    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-pi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-177

Narrow Transcription(s):  ip Stuart 2005  
#ip Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:b'alun ipnajhe/she is/was many times diminished
b'alun iplaj>he/she banishes

Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

-ita'-
 

Meaning(s):  vtd.  accompany  /  acompañar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  (y)i-ta-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  125-565-88

Narrow Transcription(s):  -ita'a- MacLeod 2004  


Last Updated:11-Jul-2005

ItzamnajITZAMNAJ Hieroglyph  
 (1)                      

Meaning(s):  n.  Itzamnaj (name of god)  /  Itzamnaj (nombre de dios)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ITZAMNAJ
  (2)  ITZAMNAJ-na
  (3)  i-ITZAMNAJ
  (4)  ITZAMNAJ-ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (152-nn)
  (2)  (152-nn)-23
  (3)  679-(152-nn)
  (4)  (152-nn)-136

Narrow Transcription(s):  #Itzamnaaj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
Itzamnaaj Stuart 2005  


See Also:

Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

Itza'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Itza' (toponym?)  /  Itza' (¿topónimo?)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-tza-a
  (2)  i-tza

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-699-228
  (2)  679-699

Narrow Transcription(s):  #Itza' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
Itza' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


See Also:ha'water

Last Updated:11-Jul-2005

itz'at
 

Meaning(s):  n.  wise man  /  sabio    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-tz'a-ti
  (2)  i-tz'a-ta

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-68-59
  (2)  679-68-113

Narrow Transcription(s):  itz'aat Stuart 2005  
#itz'aat Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

itz'in
 

Meaning(s):  n.  younger brother  /  hermano menor    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  i-tz'i
  (2)  i-tz'i-ni
  (3)  (y)i-tz'i-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  679-248
  (2)  679-248-116
  (3)  125-248-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  ihtz'in Stuart 2005  
i[h]tz'iin Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*ihtz'iinKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ihtz'inKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ix
 

Meaning(s):  pref.  she (female agentive prefix)  /  ella (prefijo agentivo femenino)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IX
  (2)  i-IX
  (3)  i-xi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1000a
  (2)  679-1000a
  (3)  679-1048

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ix Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
ix Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*ixKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ixKaufman nnd Norman (1984)  

See Also:ixikwoman
ixik ch'ok>princess, young girl

Last Updated:29-May-2006

Ix Chel
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Ix Chel (name of goddess)  /  Ix Chel (nombre de diosa)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IX-che-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1000a-148-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  Ix Chel Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
Ix Chel Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  


See Also:
ix>she (female agentive prefix)

Last Updated:18-Jul-2005

ixik
 

Meaning(s):  n.  woman  /  mujer    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IXIK
  (2)  IXIK-ki
  (3)  i-xi-ki
  (4)  i-IXIK-ki

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1000a
  (2)  1000a-102
  (3)  679-1048-102
  (4)  679-1000a-102

Narrow Transcription(s):  ixik Stuart 2005  
#ixik Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*ix-oqKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*ixikKaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:ixshe (female agentive prefix)
ixik ch'ok>princess, young girl

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ixik ch'ok
 

Meaning(s):  nc.  princess, young girl  /  princesa, niña    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IXIK-ch'o-ko
  (2)  IXIK-ki-CH'OK-ko

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1000a-287-110
  (2)  1000a-102-758a-110

Narrow Transcription(s):  #ixik ch'ok Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
ixik ch'ok Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:18-Jul-2005

ixim
 

Meaning(s):  n.  maize  /  maíz    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IXIM
  (2)  i-IXIM

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  679-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  ixim Stuart 2005  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*ii'mBrown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*ix-i?mKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*iximKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:29-May-2006

ixim te'
 

Meaning(s):  n.  maize-tree  /  maíz-árbol    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IXIM-TE'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-87/518v

Narrow Transcription(s):  ixim te' Miller and Martin 2004  
iximte' Stuart 2005  


See Also:iximmaize
te'>tree, wood

Last Updated:22-Aug-2006

iximte'l
 

Meaning(s):  adj.  maize-tree-like  /  como el maíz-árbol    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  IXIM-TE'
  (2)  IXIM-TE'-le
  (3)  i-IXIM-TE'-le
  (4)  IXIM-TE'-e-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-87/518v
  (2)  nn-87/518v-188
  (3)  679-nn-87/518v-188
  (4)  nn-87/518v-542-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  iximte'el Stuart 2005  


See Also:iximmaize
te'>tree, wood

Last Updated:18-Jul-2005

-iy
 

Meaning(s):  suf.  deictic clitic-already, long ago  /  clitico deictico-ya, hace mucho tiempo    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -[C] i-ya


Narrow Transcription(s):  #-iiy Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

jaja Hieroglyph  
 (1)        

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  181


Last Updated:25-Oct-2006

jach
 

Meaning(s):  n.  incision, scratching  /  incisión, raya    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ja-chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  181-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  jaach Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
jaach Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  


Last Updated:18-Jul-2005

Jakawitzil
 

Meaning(s):  n.  Jakawitzil (toponym near Seibal?)  /  Jakawitzil (¿topónimo cerca de Seibal?)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ja-ka-WITZ-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  181-25-529-82

Narrow Transcription(s):  Jakawitzil Schele and Mathews 1998  


Last Updated:18-Jul-2005

-jal

Meaning(s):  suf.  inchoative suffix  /  sufijo inchoativo    


Thompson Number(s):  


Last Updated:30-Jun-2006

janab'ja-na-b'i Hieroglyph  
 (2)                      

Meaning(s):  adj.  name of raptorial bird?  /  ¿nombre de un ave raptorial?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  JANAB'
  (2)  ja-na-b'i

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  583
  (2)  181-23-585

Narrow Transcription(s):  #janaa[h]b' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

-jas-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  open?, clear?  /  ¿abrir?, ¿vaciar?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ja-sa-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  181-630

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-jas- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-jas- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


See Also:
jasaw chan>jasaw chan (name of dance-staff)

Last Updated:18-Jul-2005

jasaw chan
 

Meaning(s):  n.  jasaw chan (name of dance-staff)  /  jasaw chan (nombre de bastón de baile)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ja-sa-wa-CHAN-na

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  181-630-130-561-23

Narrow Transcription(s):  jasaw chan Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#jasaw chan Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:chanfour
chansnake
chansky
chanwatch over (alternativerly: own, master)
-jas->open?, clear?

Last Updated:09-Sep-2005

jatz'-
 

Meaning(s):  vi.  strike  /  pegar, golpear    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  JATZ'-
  (2)  ja-tz'i-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn
  (2)  181-248

Narrow Transcription(s):  #jaatz' Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
jaatz' Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*jätz'Kaufman and Norman (1984)  

Morphological Analysis:jatz'-i-ø=strike-THM-3SA

See Also:jatz'alstruck
jatz'ay>gets hit/got hit
jatz'om>striker, [spear] thrower?

Last Updated:18-Jul-2005

-jatz'-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  strike, wound, split  /  pegar, golpear    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  -ja-tz'a-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  181-68

Narrow Transcription(s):  jaatz' Zender 2004a  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Ch'olan*jätz'Kaufman and Norman 1984  

See Also:jatz'najhe/she/it is striked/was striked
jatz'non>striking

Last Updated:18-Jul-2005

jatz'al
 

Meaning(s):  adv.  struck  /  golpeado    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ja-tz'a-la
  (2)  ja-tz'a-li

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  181-68-178
  (2)  181-68-82

Narrow Transcription(s):  jatz'al, jatz'aal Zender 2004a  


See Also:jatz'-strike
jatz'ay>gets hit/got hit
jatz'om>striker, [spear] thrower?

Last Updated:18-Jul-2005

jatz'ay
 

Meaning(s):  mp.  gets hit/got hit  /  pegarse    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  JATZ'-yi
  (2)  ja-tz'a-yi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-17
  (2)  181-68-17

Narrow Transcription(s):  #jatz'aay Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


Morphological Analysis:jatz'-ay-i-ø=strike-MED-THM-3SA

See Also:jatz'-strike
jatz'al>struck
jatz'om>striker, [spear] thrower?

Last Updated:08-Oct-2006

jatz'naj
 

Meaning(s):  pa.  he/she/it is striked/was striked  /  el/elle, lo es golpeado(a), fue golpeado(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  JATZ'-na-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-23-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  jatz'naj Zender 2004a  


Morphological Analysis:jatz'-n-aj-ø=break-PAS-THM-3SA

See Also:-jatz'-strike, wound, split
jatz'non>striking

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

jatz'non
 

Meaning(s):  adv.  striking  /  golpeando    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  JATZ'-ni
  (2)  JATZ'-no-ni

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  nn-116
  (2)  nn-(595-134)-116

Narrow Transcription(s):  jatznoon Zender 2004a  


See Also:-jatz'-strike, wound, split
jatz'naj>he/she/it is striked/was striked

Last Updated:18-Jul-2005

jatz'om
 

Meaning(s):  n.  striker, [spear] thrower?  /  golpeador(a), atlatl?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  JATZ'OM
  (2)  JATZ'OM-ma
  (3)  ja-tz'o-ma

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  361
  (2)  361-nn
  (3)  181-674-nn

Narrow Transcription(s):  #jatz'o'm Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
jatzoom Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


See Also:jatz'-strike
jatz'al>struck
jatz'ay>gets hit/got hit
-om>resultative of intransitive verbs, future

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

jaw-
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  to lie face up  /  estar boca arriba    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ja-wa-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  181-130

Narrow Transcription(s):  #jaw- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
jaw- Houston, Stuart and Roberston 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Cholan*jäwKaufman and Norman (`1984)  

See Also:jawa[n]te'ceramic dish

Last Updated:18-Jul-2005

jawa[n]te'ja-wa-TE' Hieroglyph  
 (1)                  

Meaning(s):  n.  ceramic dish  /  plato cerámico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ja-wa-TE'

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  181-130-87

Narrow Transcription(s):  jawa[n]te' Houston, Stuart and Taube 1989  


See Also:jaw-to lie face up
te'>tree, wood

Last Updated:18-Jul-2005

jayja-yi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  n.  clay bowl  /  tazón de barro    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ja-yi
  (2)  ja-ya

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  181-17
  (2)  181-125

Narrow Transcription(s):  jaay, jay Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
jaay, #jay Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*jaayKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*jayKaufman and Norman (1984)  

Last Updated:19-Jun-2005

jeje Hieroglyph  
 (1)                    

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  je

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (617-69)/69


Last Updated:25-Oct-2006

-jel-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  replace, change  /  reemplazar, cambiar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  je-le
  (2)  JEL
  (3)  JEL-le

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  (617-69)-188
  (2)  153
  (3)  153-188

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-jel- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*jelKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*jelKaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:ujelewhe/she chnages(ed) it

Last Updated:29-May-2006

jiji Hieroglyph  
 (1)                   

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ji

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  88/136/758c


Last Updated:25-Oct-2006

jichji-chi Hieroglyph  
 (1)                         

Meaning(s):  n.  surface? derivational suffix?  /  superficie, ¿sufijo de derivación?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  ji-chi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  88-671

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-jich Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
jich Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Last Updated:15-Sep-2005

jojo Hieroglyph  
 (1)                   

Meaning(s):  syl.  syllabic sign  /  signo sillábico    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  jo

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  607


Last Updated:25-Oct-2006

-joch'-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  drill, perforate  /  taladrar, perforar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  jo-ch'o
  (2)  jo-ch'a

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  607-758b
  (2)  607-93

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-joch'- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-joch'- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


See Also:

Last Updated:19-Jul-2005

jolJOL Hieroglyph  JOL-lo Hieroglyph  
 (1)                (3)                

Meaning(s):  n.  head  /  cabeza    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  JOL
  (2)  JOL-la
  (3)  JOL-lo

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1040
  (2)  1040-178
  (3)  1040-580

Narrow Transcription(s):  jool, jol Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
jo'l, #jol Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*jo'lBrown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*jo?lKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*jolKaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:jolomskull?

Last Updated:29-May-2006

jolom
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  skull?  /  calavera?    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  JOL-mi
  (2)  jo-lo-mi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  1040-173
  (2)  607-580-173

Narrow Transcription(s):  joloom Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#joloom Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:jolhead

Last Updated:19-Jun-2005

-jom-
 

Meaning(s):  vt.  collapse, sink; end  /  desbaratar, acabar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  jo-mo

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  607-582

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-jom- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
-jom- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


See Also:jomoyhe/she/it get/got finished

Last Updated:19-Jul-2005

jomoy
 

Meaning(s):  mp.  he/she/it get/got finished  /  el/ella/lo se acaba/ó    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  jo-mo-yi

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  607-580-17

Narrow Transcription(s):  #jomooy Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
jomoy Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Morphological Analysis:jom-oy-i-ø=finish-MED-THM-3SA

See Also:-jom-collapse, sink; end

Last Updated:19-Jul-2005

jop-
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  stake  /  apostar    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  jo-po-

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  607-687

Narrow Transcription(s):  jop- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
#jop- Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  


See Also:joplajhe/she/it stoke

Last Updated:19-Jul-2005

joplaj
 

Meaning(s):  vp.  he/she/it stoke  /  el/ella/lo apostó    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  jo-po-la-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  607-687-178-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  #joplaj Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
joplaj Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  


Morphological Analysis:jop-l-aj-ø=stick-STA-POS.IVZR-3SA

See Also:jop-stake

Last Updated:19-Jul-2005

-joy-JOY Hieroglyph  jo-JOY Hieroglyph  
 (1)                (2)                         

Meaning(s):  vt.  encircle  /  rodear    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  JOY
  (2)  jo-JOY
  (3)  jo-JOY-ye

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  684a
  (2)  607-684a
  (3)  607-684a-710v

Narrow Transcription(s):  #-joy- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  
-joy- Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998  

Linguistic Reconstruction(s):  Proto-Mayan*joyBrown and Wichmann (2004)  
Proto-Mayan*joyKaufman and Norman (1984)  
Proto-Cholan*joyKaufman and Norman (1984)  

See Also:ujoyowhe/she/it encircles/d it

Last Updated:29-May-2006

joyaj
 

Meaning(s):  pa.  he/she/it is/was encircled  /  el/ella/lo es/fue rodeado(a)    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  JOY-ja

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  684a-181

Narrow Transcription(s):  jo[h]yaj Lacadena 1998  


Morphological Analysis:jo-[h]-y-aj-ø=encircle-[PAS]-THM-3SA

See Also:
joyel>encirclement

Last Updated:26-Sep-2006

joyel
 

Meaning(s):  nd.  encirclement  /  envolvimiento    

Hieroglyphic Spelling(s):  (1)  jo-JOY-ye-la

Thompson Number(s):  (1)  607-684a-710v-178

Narrow Transcription(s):  #joye'l Lacadena and Wichmann 2004  
joyeel Houston, Stuart and Robertson 1998