Yaxchilán, Lintel 24 - K2887 ©Justin Kerr - Click to view high resolution MAYA HIEROGLYPH DICTIONARY
Peter Mathews and Péter Bíró
Drawings by John Montgomery


The following are the abbreviations commonly used in this Dictionary. For the most part they conform to the standard usage of such terms by epigraphers and linguists. We list them alphabetically under the sections of the Dictionary where they most commonly appear. For abbreviations of site names, see Site Names and Three-letter Codes.

Glyph Drawings
Alt. Altar
Frag. Fragment
HS. Hieroglyphic Stairway
Hse. House
L. Lintel
Mon. Monument
Pal. Palace
Pan. Panel
St. Stela
Str. Structure
T. Temple
Tab. Tablet
Zoom. Zoomorph

ad. derivational affix
adj. adjective
adv. adverb / adverbial
ap. antipassive
cop. copulas
dem. demonstrative
inf. infix
mp. mediopassive
n. noun
nc. compound noun
ncl. numeral classifier
ncom. complex noun
nd. derived noun
num. numeral
pa. passive
part. particle
pra. absolutive pronoun
pre. ergative pronoun
pref. prefix
prep. preposition
pr. pronoun
suf. suffix
syl. syllable
top. toponym
v. verb
vi. intransitive verb
vid. derived intransitive verb
vinc. inchoative verb
vp. positional verb
vt. transitive verb
vtd. derived transitive verb

Thompson Number
nn No Number

Morphological Analysis
Ø zero morpheme
morpheme boundary
1 first person
2 second person
3 third person
1S first person singular
2P second person plural
3SA third person singular absolutive
3SE third person singular ergative
A absolutive
ADJ adjective
ADV adverb
AG agentive prefix (classifier)
APAS antipassive voice
DEM demonstrative pronoun
E ergative
F.AG female agentive prefix (classifier)
INC inchoative voice
INS instrumental suffix
IV intransitive verb
IVD intransitive verb, derived
LOC locative suffix
M.AG male agentive prefix (classifier)
N noun
NC numerical classifier
NUM numeral
P plural
PAS passive voice
PV postional verb
REL relational suffix
S singular
SUF suffix (for unidentified suffixes)
THM thematic suffix
TV transitive verb

Other Abbreviations and symbols used in the Dictionary
*   reconstructed word or morpheme (in historical linguistics)
*   incorrect word, clause, sentence, etc. (general)
C  (any) consonant
V  (any) vowel

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